Eliška Krásnohorská

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Eliška Krásnohorská
Portrait of Eliška Krásnohorská by Jan Vilímek
Portrait of Eliška Krásnohorská by Jan Vilímek
BornAlžběta Pechová
(1847-11-18)18 November 1847
Prague, Austrian Empire
Died26 November 1926(1926-11-26) (aged 79)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Resting placeOlšany Cemetery

Eliška Krásnohorská (18 November 1847, in Prague – 26 November 1926, in Prague) was a Czech feminist author. She was introduced to literature and feminism by Karolína Světlá. She wrote works of lyric poetry and literary criticism, however, she is usually associated with children's literature and translations, including works by Pushkin, Mickiewicz and Byron.[1]

Krásnohorská wrote the libretti for four operas by Bedřich Smetana: The Kiss, The Secret, The Devil's Wall and Viola. She also wrote the libretto for Zdeněk Fibich's opera Blaník.[citation needed] In 1873, she founded the women's magazine Ženské listy, which she headed until handing it over to Jindřiška Flajšhansová in 1912.[2][3]: 75 

In 1890 Krásnohorská founded the Minerva School in Prague, the first gymnasium for girls in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its language of instruction was Czech.[4][1]


  1. ^ a b de Haan, Francisca; Daskalova, Krasimira; Loutfi, Anna (2006). A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms. Central European University Press. pp. 262–65. ISBN 963-7326-39-1.
  2. ^ Vošahlíková, Pavla (17 August 2020). "Flajšhansová Jindřiška 4.9.1868-30.5.1931" [Jindřiška Flajšhansová 4 September 1868-30 May 1931]. Biografický slovník českých zemí (in Czech). Prague: Historical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Archived from the original on 14 June 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  3. ^ Garver, Bruce M. (1985). "4. Women in the First Czechoslovak Republic". In Wolchik, Sharon L.; Meyer, Alfred G. (eds.). Women, State, and Party in Eastern Europe. Durham, North Carloina: Duke University Press. pp. 64–97. ISBN 978-0-8223-0660-3.
  4. ^ Sayer, Derek (2000). The Coasts of Bohemia: A Czech History. Princeton University Press. p. 90. ISBN 069105052X. Retrieved 28 March 2016.