Eli, Mateh Binyamin

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Eli

עֵלִי
YishuvEliShomron.JPG
Eli is located in the Central West Bank
Eli
Eli
Eli is located in the West Bank
Eli
Eli
Eli is located in the Palestinian territories
Eli
Eli
Coordinates: 32°4′17.03″N 35°15′55.08″E / 32.0713972°N 35.2653000°E / 32.0713972; 35.2653000Coordinates: 32°4′17.03″N 35°15′55.08″E / 32.0713972°N 35.2653000°E / 32.0713972; 35.2653000
DistrictJudea and Samaria Area
CouncilMateh Binyamin
RegionWest Bank
Founded1984
Population
 (2018)[1]
4,311
Websitewww.eli.co.il

Eli (Hebrew: עֵלִי) is a large mixed Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located on Highway 60 north of Jerusalem and Ramallah, it is organised as a community settlement and falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Binyamin Regional Council. It was named after the biblical high-priest who served in the Tabernacle in nearby biblical Shiloh (1 Samuel 1:9). In 2018 it had a population of 4,311. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[2]

History[edit]

Eli- named for the Jacobist prophet, Eli the Prophet- was established on 11 September 1984, when three families moved into recently placed buildings. It was the first settlement to be attempted without a core group of families. Several families from Ofra, Kokhav HaShahar, and Shilo were persuaded to come for at least a year while more families would be found. The settlement was originally called 'Givat Levona' after the adjacent settlement Ma'ale Levona.[3] The Amana website states that the initial vision was creating 'one long territorial contiguity' of Jewish settlers between Eli and both Shiloh and Ma'ale Levona.[4]

According to ARIJ, Israel confiscated land from two nearby Palestinian villages in order to construct Eli: 1,551 dunums were taken from As-Sawiya[5] while 623 dunums were taken from Qaryut.[6]

In recent years the town has evolved into the municipal center for the Shilo area settlement bloc. Eli is also home to the Bnei David pre-military Mechina academy. This yeshiva also offers post-army academic programs.[citation needed]

Bnei David Academy[edit]

President of Israel Reuven Rivlin in mechina Bnei David
Yigal Levinstein

Bnei David is the first pre-military Orthodox Mechina academy (1988), and was founded by rabbis Eli Sadan and Yig'al Levinstein.[7] Many of the graduates have reached high rank in the IDF. It is an integral part of Eli, as many of the rabbis, administrators, graduates, and students live in Eli. There are currently over 500 students studying at Bnei David, and over 2,500 graduates, over 40% of them became officers, and the majority served in combatant or elite units.[8] Shimon Peres has called it "Pride for the country".[9]

Co-founder of the academy, Rabbi Yigal Levinstein, went on record in 2016 claiming gay people were 'sick and perverted' and that drafting women into the IDF deprived them of their Jewishness. In 2018 Rabbi Yosef Kelner asserted that women had feeble minds and a reduced spirituality. In April 2019, the head of the school, Rabbi Eliezer Kashtiel, was caught on camera lecturing to students on the genetic inferiority of gentiles, Palestinians, on their stupidity, and the need for them to be enslaved. He endorsed racism, and the superiority of the Jewish people. In another lecture, Rabbi Giora Redler stated the Holocaust was a divine punishment to make Jews leave the diaspora, that Hitler was correct 'in every word he said… he was just on the wrong side,' that humanism was the real holocaust, not Hitler's murdering of Jews.[10][11][12]

Graduates of Bnei David who died during their IDF service include Roi Klein, Emmanuel Moreno, and Amihai Merhavia.

Expansion plans[edit]

In 2013, the Israeli Civil Administration published a master plan (no. 237) which, if approved, would legitimize hundreds of the structures in Eli and incorporate Eli's four Israeli outpost, from the land of Palestinian villages As-Sawiye and Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya, and Quaryut. It covers 1000 dunams, but would allow the expansion of other outposts to embrace 6,000 dunams, including privately owned Palestinian land. Within the plan's map, there are 7 Palestinian enclaves, where Palestinians may carry out agricultural projects, but are denied the right to build. The plan depends on declaring collectively owned Palestinian village lands in question as ownerless under Ottoman law, a classification which allows them to be defined as "state property" reserved for Jews alone.[4]

Israeli-Palestinian conflict[edit]

In 2013, representatives of the nearby Palestinian village of Krayot blamed Eli settlers for an alleged uprooting of more than 100 olive trees on their property.[13]

In January 2014, an Eli resident claimed to have photographed Palestinians chopping down an olive tree which a later report on Ma'an news blamed 'settlers' for the incident.[14][15][16]

In August 2015, a gas station was firebombed on Route 60 near Eli. Later, two Palestinian from Awarta, members of PFLP claimed the attack was a retaliation for the firebombing at Duma.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  3. ^ Hoberman, Haggai (2008). Keneged Kol HaSikuim [Against All Odds] (in Hebrew) (1st ed.). Sifriat Netzaim.
  4. ^ a b Amira Hass, 'Plan to legalize West Bank settlement of Eli paves way for its expansion,' at Haaretz, 1 June 2013.
  5. ^ As Sawiya Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 16-17
  6. ^ Qaryut Village profile (including Jalud Locality), ARIJ, p. 17
  7. ^ "Israel's anti-gay rabbi is the fundamentalist monster among us - Opinion". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  8. ^ "About us (Hebrew)".
  9. ^ פרס על המכינה הדתית בעלי: "גאווה למדינה"
  10. ^ Tamar Pileggi, Embracing racism, rabbis at pre-army yeshiva laud Hitler, urge enslaving Arabs The Times of Israel 30 April 2019
  11. ^ Jonathan Ofir, 'Israeli rabbis at military prep school are caught on video praising Hitler,' Mondoweiss 30 April 2019
  12. ^ Maariv Online, 'Rabbis say ‘Hitler was right, pluralism the true Holocaust,’ Jerusalem Post 30 April 2019
  13. ^ Jack Khoury, 'More than 100 olive trees uprooted in West Bank, Palestinians report,' at [Haaretz] Oct. 19, 2013.
  14. ^ "Settlers blame: Palestinians faked price-tag". Walla!. 22 January 2014.
  15. ^ "Evidence: Arabs Staging 'Price Tag' Attacks, Blaming Jews". 22 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Settlers uproot hundreds of trees near Ramallah". Ma'an news. 22 January 2014.
  17. ^ "2 arrested for firebomb attack at Samaria gas station". Israel Hayom. September 30, 2015.
  18. ^ Raoul Wootliff, 'Two held for firebomb attack on settlement gas station,' The Times of Israel29 September 2015.

External links[edit]