The Legless Acrobat
Bowen in 1867, age 23
October 14, 1844
Richland County, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||May 4, 1924 (aged 79)|
|Occupation||Circus artist, sideshow artist|
Eli Bowen (October 14, 1844 – May 4, 1924) was an American sideshow performer known as "The Legless Wonder", or "The Legless Acrobat". He was also billed as "The Handsomest Man in Showbiz" and the "Wonder of the Wide, Wide World". His peak weight was 140 pounds (64 kg), his height - 24 inches (61 cm).
Eli Bowen was born in Richland County, Ohio to Robert and Sarah Bowen with his undeveloped feet attached to the hips due to a rare birth defect – the so-called seal limbs, which was caused by a genetic disorder phocomelia. His other seven siblings were of normal complexion and they all loved and supported their impaired brother. He learned to walk on his hands using wooden blocks, and soon acquired enough strength in his torso to start experimenting with acrobatics. According to the literature, in 1857, at age 13 he joined the traveling circus group Major Brown's Colosseum, where he was performing acrobatic tumbling, such as cartwheels, somersaults, and backflips. However, 1860 census records demonstrate that he was living with his parents and attended school. Only starting from 1870 census, after his father's death in 1865, did Bowen begin to describe his occupation as "showman".
In 1876 Bowen joined Pullman Brothers Side Show, and after three years Cooper, Bailey & Co. In 1897 he performed for Barnum & Bailey Circus in England. He was billed as "The Legless Acrobat", and became famous for his acrobatic work on top of a thirteen foot pole. Sometimes, he collaborated with Armless Wonder Charles Tripp, and they both were pedaling and steering a tandem bicycle quipping at each other: "Watch your steps" and "Keep your hands off me". Bowen's artistic life with small carnival sideshows and big circuses run by James Anthony Bailey and P. T. Barnum spanned half a century. At age 79 he continued to work for Coney Island Dreamland Circus Side Show.
When he was 26, Bowen married Martha N. Haines (sometimes described as Mattie Haight), 16, and they raised four healthy sons named Frank, Robert, Adrian and Victor. The fliers given to the spectators specified that one became a judge and another a successful merchant.
A brief history of his life was retold in a pamphlet The Wonder of the Wide, Wide World: The True History of Mr. Eli Bowen which was published in 1880.
- Slout, William L (1998). Olympians of the Sawdust Circle: A Biographical Dictionary of the Nineteenth Century American Circus. San Bernardino, Calif: Borgo Press. p. 30.
- LaSala, Francine (2005). Carny folk: the world's weirdest sideshow acts. New York: Citadel Press. pp. 75–76.
- Nickell, Joe (2005). Secrets of the sideshows. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky. p. 133.
- "Bowen, Eli". Encyclopedia of American Disability History. New York : Facts On File, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- Hartzman, Marc (2005). American sideshow : an encyclopedia of history's most wondrous and curiously strange performers. New York: Penguin.
- Bogdan, Robert (1988). Freak show : presenting human oddities for amusement and profit. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 213.
- "Legless Eli Bowen Dies in Dreamland". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, New York. 5 May 1924. p. 24. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
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