Eli D. Hoyle

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Eli DuBose Hoyle
Eli D. Hoyle.jpg
Born (1851-07-19)July 19, 1851
Canton, Georgia
Died July 27, 1921(1921-07-27) (aged 70)
Washington, D.C.
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1875–1915; 1918–1919
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General
Commands held Battery L, 1st Field Artillery Regiment
Recruit Depot, Fort Slocum
6th Field Artillery
4th Field Artillery
Fort Riley
Central Department
2nd Field Artillery
District of Luzon, Philippines
Fort William McKinley
Department of the East
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Soldier's Medal
Spouse(s) Fanny De Russy
Relations Five children, including MG Rene Edward De Russy Hoyle
BG René Edward De Russy (Father-in-Law)

Eli DuBose Hoyle (July 19, 1851 – July 27, 1921) was a Brigadier General in the United States Army. He is most noted for his Command of the Port of Embarkation at Governor's Island in New York Harbor during World War I, for which he received the Distinguished Service Medal and Soldier's Medal.

Early life[edit]

Hoyle was born in Canton, Georgia on July 19, 1851, the son of George Summers Hoyle and Margareth Amanda (Erwin) Hoyle.

Hoyle graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1875, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant of Field Artillery. His brother George S. Hoyle and he were notable as two of the first post-American Civil War West Point students from former Confederate states.

Start of career[edit]

During Hoyle's early years in the Army his service included: instructor at West Point; the military response to the Great Railroad Strike of 1877; and adjutant at West Point. During the Spanish–American War he served with 1st Division, 1st Corps in Puerto Rico, then as chief ordnance officer for 3d Division, 2d Corps in Athens, Georgia, and then as chief ordnance officer and provost marshal for the Department of Matanzas in Cuba, Feb. 2 to April 26, 1899.

Effective dates of promotions[edit]

Hoyle was promoted to: first lieutenant in 1883; captain in 1898; major (United States Volunteers) in 1898; major (regular Army) in 1903; lieutenant colonel in 1907; colonel in 1911; and brigadier general in 1913. He retired in 1915, but was recalled to active duty for World War I.

Later career[edit]

His command assignments included: Battery L, 1st Field Artillery Regiment (1899–1900); Recruit Depot at Fort Slocum (1908); 6th Field Artillery (1908–1911, 1911–1913); 4th Field Artillery (1911); Fort Riley (1912–1913); Central Department (1913); 2nd Field Artillery (1913); District of Luzon, Philippines (1913–1914); and Fort William McKinley (1914).

World War I[edit]

During his World War I recall to active duty he was assigned as commander of the Department of the East, with primary responsibility for the Governor's Island Port of Embarkation in New York Harbor. Hoyle retired again in 1919.

Death and burial[edit]

Hoyle died in Washington, D.C. on July 27, 1921.[1] He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section South, Site Lot 4442.[2]


Hoyle was married to Fanny De Russy (1857–1925), the daughter of Brigadier General René Edward De Russy.[3] Their son Rene Edward De Russy Hoyle (1883–1981) was a career Army officer who attained the rank of Major General. The Hoyles were also the parents of four daughters, all of whom married West Point graduates: Helen Maxwell Hoyle Herr (1882–1971), the wife of John Knowles Herr; Imogene Hoyle Taulbee (1885–1982), the wife of Colonel Joseph Fulton Taulbee; Fanny DeRussy Hoyle Graham (1889–1981), the wife of Lieutenant Colonel Ephraim Foster Graham; and Margaret Hoyle Higley (1891–1988), the wife of Brigadier General Harvey D. Higley.


Fort Hoyle, an artillery post in Maryland which operated from 1922 to 1940, was named for him.[4]


  1. ^ "Last Rites Friday for Gen. E. D. Hoyle". Washington Herald. Washington, DC. July 28, 1921. p. 3. (Subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ Eli D. Hoyle at Find a Grave
  3. ^ Fanny De Russy Hoyle at Find a Grave
  4. ^ Lamm, Clint (2001). Tales From the Picket Line: Golden Nuggets From the Compost Pile. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris Corporation. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-4010-2925-8. 

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