Eli Peck Miller

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Eli Peck Miller
Died19 December 1912
Occupation(s)Physician, writer

Eli Peck Miller (1828 – 19 December 1912), best known as E. P. Miller was an American physician, hydrotherapist, vegetarian and natural hygiene advocate.


Miller was a 1862 graduate of the New York Hygeio-Therapeutic College and an 1864 graduate of Bellevue Hospital Medical College.[1][2] Early in his career Miller worked with hydrotherapist Russell Trall. Miller was physician and proprietor of the New Hygienic Institution and Turkish Bath in New York City.[3] The institution had electric, Roman and Turkish baths.[3]

Miller combined hydrotherapy with diet as complementary therapeutics. He opposed the use of alcohol and tobacco.[4] Miller was a Christian who held the view that suffering was the result of sin and disease could be caused by eating the wrong foods. He recommended that his clients abstain from coffee, strong milk, pickles, spices and tea.[3]

From 1865, Miller was the editor of The Herald of Health and Journal of Physical Culture.[5] This journal was the successor of The Herald of Health edited by Russell Trall. In 1893, the journal changed title to the Journal of Hygiene and Herald of Health.[5]

Miller died of pneumonia on 19 December 1912, aged 84.[1]



Miller was a phrenologist and contributed articles to The Phrenological Journal and Science of Health. His hygienic institute conducted phrenological examinations. In 1875, Louisa May Alcott was one of his notable clients.[6]


Miller converted to spiritualism after attending seances of the Eddy brothers.[7][8]


Miller became a vegetarian in 1850.[9] He was a dyspeptic and stated that a vegetarian diet aided his recovery. He became interested in vegetarianism through reading the works of Russell Trall. In 1860, Miller spoke at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the American Vegetarian Society.[9]

In 1909, Miller wrote that "I am over half way to my 81st birthday. I have not eaten flesh, fish or fowl for many years. I do not use milk unless it is sterilized or pasteurized."[10]

Selected publications[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Deaths". Journal of the American Medical Association. 60 (1): 65. 1913.
  2. ^ "Plunge bath at Dr. Miller's". University of Rochester. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Stein, Madeleine B. (1999). Louisa May Alcott: A Biography. Northeastern University Press. p. 240. ISBN 9781555534172
  4. ^ Cayleff, Susan E. (2016). Nature's Path: A History of Naturopathic Healing in America. Hopkins University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-4214-1903-9
  5. ^ a b Hoolihan, Christopher. (2001). An Annotated Catalogue of the Edward C. Atwater Collection of American Popular Medicine and Health Reform, Volume 3. University of Rochester Press. pp. 343-344. ISBN 9781580462846
  6. ^ Eiselein, Gregory; Phillips, Anne K. (2001). The Louisa May Alcott Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press. p. 258. ISBN 9780313308963
  7. ^ "News and Miscellany". The Health Reformer. 11 (1): 31. 1876.
  8. ^ Thompson, Robert C. (2015). "Henry Olcott's Sensual Spirits: The American Indian as Spiritualist Spectacle". Ecumenica. 8 (2): 27–43. doi:10.5325/ecumenica.8.2.0027. S2CID 246629393.
  9. ^ a b "E. P. Miller". Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the American Vegetarian Society. 1 (11): 41–44. 1860.
  10. ^ Miller, E. P. (1909). "Bovine Tuberculosis Baccilli in Milk". The Phrenological Journal and Science of Health. 122 (1): 14–15.