|Date of birth||26 December 1962|
|Place of birth||Jerusalem, Israel|
|Knessets||14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1996–2000||Minister of Labor & Social Welfare|
|2001–2002||Deputy Prime Minister|
|2001–2002||Minister of Internal Affairs|
|2002–2003||Deputy Prime Minister|
|2002–2003||Minister of Internal Affairs|
|2006–2013||Deputy Prime Minister|
|2006–2009||Minister of Industry, Trade & Labour|
|2009–2013||Minister of Internal Affairs|
Eliyahu "Eli" Yishai (Hebrew: אליהו "אלי" ישי, born 26 December 1962) is an Israeli politician. A former leader of Shas, he represented the party in the Knesset from 1996 until 2015, also holding several ministerial posts including being Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Internal Affairs and Minister of Industry, Trade & Labour. In December 2014 he left Shas to establish the Yachad party.
Yishai was born in Jerusalem in 1962, to Zion (1933–2004) and Yvette-Fortuna Yishai (1934–2009) who had immigrated to Israel from Tunis in Tunisia. The second of seven children, he studied at the Porat Yosef Yeshiva in Jerusalem and Yeshivat HaNegev in Netivot. In 1980 Yishai enlisted in the IDF and served until 1983.
Yishai is married and has five children.
In 1984, he entered political life. He became a member of Jerusalem City Council in 1987, although he left the Council the following year. In 1988 Yishai served as an aide to Aryeh Deri who was then Minister of Internal Affairs. Although Yishai did not win a seat in the Knesset in the 1992 election, he was appointed general secretary of Shas. He was first elected to the Knesset in the 1996 elections, after which he was made Minister of Labor and Social Welfare in Benjamin Netanyahu's government.
He retained his seat in the 1999 elections, and was again appointed Minister of Labor and Social Welfare in Ehud Barak's government. In 2000 Shas leader Deri was convicted of taking $155,000 in bribes while serving as Interior Minister and given a three-year jail sentence. Deri was replaced by Yishai as head of the party. Although Deri's sentence was only for three years, the court ruled that he be banned from entering politics for ten years. As leader of Shas, Yishai was seen as a political hawk and steered the party to the right of where it had been under Deri. Yishai tried to recruit voters from the settlements and took the party out of Ehud Barak's coalition government in advance of the Camp David summit with Yasser Arafat in 2000.
After Ariel Sharon defeated Barak in the 2001 elections for Prime Minister, Yishai was appointed Interior Minister and made a Deputy Prime Minister in Sharon's national unity government. However, Shas were not included in Ariel Sharon's coalition government formed after the 2003 elections.
Following the 2006 elections Shas were invited to join Ehud Olmert's coalition and Yishai was made Minister of Industry, Trade, and Labour as well as being a Deputy Prime Minister. In the same year he was subjected to criticism after he claimed that negative results from the 2006 Lebanon War were a consequence of soldiers not being as religiously observant as they were in the past. Yishai remained Deputy Prime Minister following the 2009 elections, and returned to the Internal Affairs portfolio.
In May 2009, he refused to allow the Holy See to exercise jurisdiction over Christian holy sites in Israel, an agreement which would have resolved disputes over the implementation of the 1993 Fundamental Accord. That November, Yishai argued that African refugee migrants to Israel should not be allowed to settle permanently in Israel because they bring in "a range of diseases such as hepatitis, measles, tuberculosis and AIDS." However, the Jerusalem Post reviewed Ministry of Health data, and concluded that there was a relatively low infection rate among asylum-seekers.
In a June 2012 interview with the Israeli daily Maariv, Yishai was quoted as saying: "Muslims that arrive here do not even believe that this country belongs to us, to the white man."  This quote has often been used out of context to imply that Yishai thinks that "this country belongs to us, to the white man", which was not the meaning of the original quote.
In May 2013, some months after internal rift following Deri's political comeback, Yishai was ousted as party leader, being replaced by Deri. Ovadia Yosef, the Sephardi sage and Shas spiritual leader said regarding his decision to oust Yishai "It was a deposit that he held, and now he can redeem it." Yosef also said he had told Deri at the time of his imprisonment that the position of party leader would be returned to him.
In December 2014, Yishai announced that he would be leaving Shas to establish a new party, which would run in the 2015 elections. The announcement came after the friction between Deri and Yishai reached breaking point; Nine of Shas' eleven government ministers signed a statement indicating their support for Deri, and Shas' Council of Torah Sages ordered Deri to cancel a weekend meeting with Yishai during which the two planned to attempt a reconciliation.
The new party was named Yachad and contested the 2015 elections in alliance with the far-right Otzma Yehudit party. However, it received 2.97% of the vote, failing to cross the 3.25% electoral threshold and did not win any seats.
- "Eliyahu Yishai". MFA. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Eliyahu Yishai". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- "Knesset Member, Eliyahu Yishai". Knesset. 23 May 2002. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Israeli political leader goes to jail after emotional send-off". CNN. 3 September 2000. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Eli Yishai breaks away from Shas, announces new party". Haaretz. 15 December 2014.
- Hartman, Ben (18 January 2012). "Parents of fallen soldiers call". JPost. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Williams, Dan (4 May 2009). "Israeli minister blocks zone deal for Church sites". Reuters. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
- Weiler-Polak, Dana (5 November 2009). "Israel proposes work camps for illegal migrants". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
- Friedman, Ron (6 November 2009). "Health Ministry data refutes Yishai's claims that African refugees bring in disease". Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 6 November 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
- Aryeh Deri restored as Shas leader, Eli Yishai is out Israel HaYom, 3 March 2013
- Kalman, Aaron (5 May 2013). "I promised Deri he'd return to lead party, Shas rabbi says". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "After 30 years, Yishai looks set to divorce from Shas". The Times of Israel. 14 December 2014.
- "Eli Yishai leaving Shas, launching party for elections". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 14 December 2014.
- Eli Yishai on the Knesset website