Elihu B. Hayes

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Elihu Burritt Hayes
Elihu Burritt Hayes.png
Mayor of Lynn, Massachusetts[1]
In office
January 4, 1892[1][2] – January 1, 1894
Preceded by E. Knowlton Fogg
Succeeded by Charles E. Harwood
Member of the
Massachusetts House of Representatives
18th Essex District[3]
Member of the Lynn, Massachusetts
Board of Aldermen[2]
In office
Personal details
Born April 26, 1848[3]
West Lebanon, Maine[3]
Died April 1, 1903(1903-04-01) (aged 54)[4]
Lynn, Massachusetts[4]
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Amy A. Farnum, m. 1873.[2]
Children Eugene[2]
Profession Shoemaker, Newspaperman[3]
Signature from: Newhall, James Robinson.: History of Lynn Essex County, Massachusetts ; Including Lynnfield, Saugus, Swampscot, and Nahant: Massachusetts Including Lynnfield, Saugus, Swampscot, and Nahant Vol. 2 (1897) p. 377.

Elihu Burritt Hayes (April 26, 1848 – April 1, 1903) was an American shoe manufacturer,[3] newspaperman,[3] and politician, who served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, representing the 18th Essex District,[3] and as the 25th Mayor of Lynn, Massachusetts.[3]

Early life[edit]

Hayes was born in West Lebanon, Maine on April 26, 1848,[3] and moved to Lynn, Massachusetts in 1865.[3]

Family life[edit]

In 1873 Hayes married Amy A. Farnum of Lynn, They had one child, Eugene.[2]

Business career[edit]

Hayes worked in the shoe industry until 1872.[3] After he left the shoe industry, Hayes went into the newspaper business. Hayes took over ownership of The Lynn Bee. In 1885 Hayes took over The Boston Advertiser.[3]

Introduction of the secret ballot in Massachusetts[edit]

In 1888, while in the Massachusetts Legislature, Hayes introduced the first bill in the United States to adopt the Australian style ballot system,[5] initiating the successful movement for the adoption of the Secret ballot in the United States.[6]


  1. ^ a b Newhall, James Robinson (1897), History of Lynn Essex County, Massachusetts ; Including Lynnfield, Saugus, Swampscot, and Nahant: Massachusetts Including Lynnfield, Saugus, Swampscot, and Nahant Vol. II 1864 -1893., Lynn, MA: Israel Augustus Newhall and Howard Mudge Newhall, p. 362. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Toomey, Daniel P. (1892), Massachusetts of Today: a Memorial of the State, Historical and Biographical, Boston, MA: Columbia Publishing Company, p. 540. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Death List of A Day.; Elihu Burritt Hayes.", The New York Times, New York, NY, p. 9., April 2, 1903 
  4. ^ a b Boston Daily Globe (April 2, 1903), "Hon. Elihu B. Hayes Dead Prominent Resident of Lynn Well Known to New England. He Had Never Completely Recovered from the Effects of Fall Down Stairs in His Home Last October. Born a Poor Boy. In Newspaper Work. In Municipal Affairs. Candidate for Congress. Spanish War Relief Work. Fond of His Home.", Boston Daily Globe, Boston, Mass, p. 14. 
  5. ^ Wigmore, John Henry (October 1889), The Australian Ballot System as Embodied in the Legislation of Various Countries: With an Historical Introduction, and an Appendix of Decisions Since 1856 in Great Britain, Ireland, Canada, and Australia, Boston, MA: The Boston Book Company, p. 27. 
  6. ^ Boston Daily Globe (November 6, 1889), Slick Work in Lynn. Elihu B. Hayes, Local Father of the System, Pleased., Boston, MA: Boston Daily Globe, p. 8. 


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
E. Knowlton Fogg
25th Mayor of Lynn, Massachusetts
January 4, 1892
January 1, 1894
Succeeded by
Charles E. Harwood