Grant was ordained Methodist minister in 1900, and between 1901 and 1904 he was superintendent of the American Friends Schools in Ramallah and Jerusalem. Returning to the US he was a Professor of Biblical literature at Smith College from 1907 to 1917, and thereafter at Haverford College until his retirement in 1938.
One of his lifelong interest was the life of the Palestinian fellahin, an interest which started when he first worked for the American Friends School, and which resulted in three books., where the 1907 book The Peasantry of Palestine: The Life, Manners, and Customs of the Village is described as "a vividly accurate portrait of rural life in Palestine."
Books (partial list)
- Grant, Elihu (1907). The Peasantry of Palestine. Boston, New York [etc.]: The Pilgrim Press.
- Irving Francis Wood, Elihu Grant (1916): The Bible as Literature : An Introduction, New York, NY, on archive.net, also: ISBN 1-4286-2556-9 Kessinger Publishing, 2006 reprint.
- Elihu Grant (1918): Cuneiform Documents in the Smith College Library, Haverford, Pennsylvania
- Elihu Grant (1920): The Orient in Bible Times, J. B. Lippincott Company,
- Elihu Grant (1921): The People of Palestine archive.org
- Elihu Grant (1922): A New Era In Palestine Exploration, GPO, Washington, pp. 541 – 547, illus with 7 plates, offprint, the Annual Report Of The Board of Regents Of The Smithsonian Institution For The Year Ending June 30,
- Elihu Grant (1929): Beth Shemesh (Palestine) : Progress of the Haverford Archaeological expedition,
- Elihu Grant (1931): Ain Shems Excavations (Palestine) 1928-1931. Part 1. (With an Historical Chapter by Irving F. Wood), Haverford
- Elihu Grant (1932): Ain Shems Excavations (Palestine) 1928-31. Part 2. Haverford
- Elihu Grant (1934): Rumeileh: Being Ain Shems excavations (Palestine), part III (Biblical and kindred studies), Haverford College.
- Elihu Grant (1938): Ain Shems Excavations (Palestine). Part 4: Pottery, Haverford
- Elihu Grant (1938): Palestine Today, Baltimore
- Elihu Grant (1939): Ain Shems Excavations (Palestine), Part V (Text), Haverford College,
- Elihu Grant (1940): Palestine Our Holy Land, J. H. Furst Company, Baltimore, Maryland,
- Elihu Grant (2005): People of Palestine: An Enlarged Edition of the Peasantry of Palestine, Life, Manners and Customs of the Village, Wipf & Stock, Reprint ISBN 978-1-59752-272-4
- "Diggers". Time Magazine. 1928-11-19. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Wright, G. Ernest; Albright, W. F.; Flight, John W. (1 January 1942). "Elihu Grant". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (88): 1–4. JSTOR 1355469.
- A Historiographic Review of Literature on the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict at www.ismi.emory.edu