|2nd Mayor of Detroit, first charter|
|Preceded by||Solomon Sibley|
|Succeeded by||None; reincorporated|
|Born||May 10, 1773|
|Died||December 14, 1813 (aged 40)|
(m. 1802; his death 1813)
|Relations||John Askin (father-in-law)|
Samantha Parker Brush
|Alma mater||Dartmouth College|
Elijah Brush was born in Bennington, Vermont in approximately 1772, the son of Colonel Nathaniel Brush and Samantha Parker (d. 1789). Brush graduated from Dartmouth College and came to Detroit in 1798.
Following Detroit's hand-over to American control, John Askin, a British subject, moved across the Detroit River to Canada, leaving behind his farm, "Private Claim #1," which was immediately adjacent to Detroit.
Elijah Brush was elected a trustee in 1803, appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the Territorial Militia in 1805, and appointed as mayor of the town of Detroit after Solomon Sibley's resignation in 1806. Brush also served as Treasurer of the Michigan Territory from 1806 to 1813, and from 1811 to 1814 served as United States Attorney.
During the War of 1812, British forces captured Detroit and Elijah Brush and other militia officers were taken prisoner. He was shipped to Toronto, but his brother-in-law, a British officer, procured his release, and Brush returned to Detroit in late 1813 when American troops retook the city.
In 1802, Brush married Adelaide Askin (1783–1859), daughter of John Askin and sister of John Askin, both prominent fur traders. The couple had three sons and a daughter who survived their father:
- Edmund Askin Brush (1802–1877), who married Elizabeth Cass Hunt (1825–1913).
- Charles Andrew Brush (1804–1807), who died young.
- Charles Reuben Brush (1807–1849), who married Jane Cameron Forsyth (1809–1856).
- John Alfred Brush (1811/5–1870), a doctor.
- Archange "Semanthe" Brush (1813–1842), who married Charles Meredith.
Elijah and Adelaide moved onto Askin's farm, and in 1806 the Brushes purchased it for $6000 and it eventually became known as the Brush Farm. Brush, a careful administrator, increased the value of the farm and made his heirs wealthy. In the 1850s, Edmund Brush began developing sections of the property into the fashionable Brush Park; the streets Edmund, Alfred, Adelaide, and Brush were named after members of the family.
- Judy Jacobson (2002), Detroit River Connections: Historical and Biographical Sketches of the Eastern Great Lakes Border Region, Genealogical Publishing Com, pp. 58–63, ISBN 0-8063-4510-1
- The government of the city of Detroit and Wayne County, Michigan: 1701 to 1907, historical and biographical, 1907, pp. 26–27
- "Elijah Brush". History of Detroit.com. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- Stephen D. Bingham (1888), Early history of Michigan: with biographies of state officers, members of Congress, judges and legislators, Thorp & Godfrey, state printers, p. 134
- "Elijah Brush". Elmwood Cemetery. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- Burton, Clarence Monroe. The City of Detroit, 1701 -1922, Volume 4. p. 137. ISBN 9783849678043. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Averill, Patricia (2006). Cameron: Cameron: Family, Technology and Religion in a Rust Belt Town as Seen by Averills, Nasons, Mccormicks and Others Who Passed Through. Xlibris Corporation. p. 636. ISBN 9781477177556. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Ren Farley. "Brush Park Historic District/Woodward East Historic District". Detroit1701.org. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
| Mayor of Detroit