|Born||September 5, 1755|
|Died||April 11, 1841 (aged 85)|
Bell Cemetery at Middlefield, Massachusetts
|Years of service||1775–1783|
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War
|Awards||Badge of Military Merit|
|Spouse(s)||Elinor Nooney (m. 1777 - 1846)|
Elijah Churchill was born on September 5, 1755 in Newington, Connecticut. His father was named Giles.
Churchill entered the 8th Connecticut Regiment as a private on 7 July 1775. On 7 May 1777, he re-enlisted for the duration of the war as a corporal in the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, later the 2nd Legionary Corps, and was promoted to sergeant on 2 October 1780. He was cited for gallantry in action at Fort St. George near Brookhaven, New York on Long Island, in November 1780, at Tarrytown, New York, in July 1781, and at Fort Slongo (now known as Fort Salonga, also on Long Island) on October 2, 1781. He was awarded the Badge of Military Merit for his actions, one of only three soldiers to receive the award that later became the Purple Heart.
Later life and death
- Churchill (1904), p. 348
- Moran, Donald (April 2007). "Sergeant Elijah Churchill of the Continental Light Dragoons". Liberty Tree Newsletter. Cons of the American Revolution. Retrieved December 19, 2018.