Portrait by Rembrandt Peale
Anson County, North Carolina, U.S.
|Died||December 15, 1799|
|Children||Elijah Clarke, Jr.
|Relatives||Edward Clark (grandson)|
Elijah Clarke (1742 – December 15, 1799) was an American military officer.
Elijah Clarke was born in 1742 at Anson County, North Carolina.
Clarke served in the Georgia Militia during the American Revolutionary War. When the state troops disbanded after the surrender of Savannah, he became a lieutenant colonel in the Wilkes County Militia. He fought in the southern theater and served under Col. Andrew Pickens in the Battle of Kettle Creek.
After the war, Clarke was elected to the Georgia legislature. In 1794 he organized the Trans-Oconee Republic, several settlements in counties of Georgia in traditional Creek territory. From there he attacked Creek villages, but was restrained by Georgia Governor George Mathews.
Death and legacy
Clarke died on December 15, 1799.
Clarke and his actions served as one of the sources for the fictional character of Benjamin Martin in The Patriot, a film released in 2000. He is also a major character in the historical novel The Hornet's Nest by Jimmy Carter.
- George R. Lamplugh, Politics on the Periphery: Factions and Parties in Georgia, 1783-1806, Newark, University of Delaware Press, 1986, pp. 64-68, accessed 19 Nov 2010
- "Elijah Clarke (1742-1799)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
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