Elijah Hoole (1798–1872) was an English orientalist and Wesleyan Methodist missionary.
The son of Holland Hoole, a Manchester shoemaker, he was born there; he entered Manchester grammar school 6 April 1809, leaving in 1813 to help in his father's business. After studying privately, he became a probationer for the Wesleyan ministry in 1818, and was chosen a missionary by the Wesleyan Methodist missionary committee in November 1819.
Hoole arrived in Madras (now Chennai) in September 1820, having lost his library and outfit by shipwreck on the way. After short stays there and at Negapatam, he settled at Bangalore in April 1821. He was recalled to Madras in March 1822, and was elected a member of the committee for revising the Tamil version of the Bible.
In 1828 Hoole was forced by ill-health to leave India, and shortly after his return to Europe was appointed a superintendent of schools in Ireland. He moved to London in 1834, and became assistant-secretary, and from 1836 till his death one of the general secretaries of the Wesleyan Missionary Society. In 1867 he gave directions for the construction of the Wesleyan chapel in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Hoole died on 17 June 1872.
During his stay in Southern India, Hoole published a number of translations into Tamil, including portions of the Bible, a book of hymns (Madras, 1825), tracts on Methodism, and a life of John Wesley. He wrote:
- A Personal Narrative of a Mission to the South of India from 1820–8, London, 1829, an account of his experiences; an enlarged edition, with the title Madras, Mysore, and the South of India appeared in London in 1844.
- The Year-book of Missions, 1847.
- Oglethorpe and the Wesleys.