Elio Petri

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Elio Petri
Elio Petri 1968.jpg
Petri in 1968
Born(1929-01-29)29 January 1929
Rome, Italy
Died10 November 1982(1982-11-10) (aged 53)
Rome, Italy
OccupationFilm director
Years active1953–1982

Elio Petri (29 January 1929 – 10 November 1982) was an Italian political filmmaker[1] best known for the 1970 Academy Award-winning film Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion.[2]

Early life[edit]

Elio Petri was born in Rome on 29 January 1929. He was expelled for political reasons from San Giuseppe di Merode, a school run by a priest on the Piazza di Spagna, and joined the youth organization of the Italian Communist Party. He wrote for L'Unità and for Gioventù nuova as well as for Città aperta. He left the party in 1956 after the Hungarian uprising.[3]

Career[edit]

Gianni Puccini introduced him to Giuseppe De Santis, who made him assistant to the director of Bitter Rice. He collaborated, without being credited, on Rome 11 O'Clock (1952), one of the least known post-war neo-realist movies. Petri published in book about the inquiry into the actual event depicted in 1956.

He was script-writer and director's assistant on La Fille sans homme (1953), Jour d'amour (1955), Homme et loups (1956), La strada lungo un anno (1958) and La Garconniere (1960). During the period, Petri also wrote scripts for Giuliano Puccini, Aglauco Casadio and Carlo Lizzani.

After two shorts, Nasce un campione (1954) and I sette contadini (1959), Petri made his debut as a director with L'assassino (The lady killer of Rome), based on a script co-authored with Tonino Guerra in 1961.

I giorni contati (1962), was his second film, again co-authored with Tonino Guerra. After two somewhat lesser films Il maestro di Vigevano, (1963) and the sketch Sin in the afternoon, included in High Infidelity, 1964, Petri directed The 10th Victim (1965), a film with futuristic overtones also co-authored with Tonino Guerra. In 1967, he shot We Still Kill the Old Way (adapted from the novel To Each His Own by Leonardo Sciascia), dealing with the individual's inability to cope with reality. The film was also the beginning of the collaboration with the script-writer Ugo Pirro which was to last until 1973.

A Quiet Place in the Country, the last of his films co-authored with Guerra, focuses on solitude and the artist's romantic agony. The film won a Silver Bear award at the 19th Berlin International Film Festival.[4] He then directed four films which earned him recognition for his analysis of schizophrenia. Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (1970) was about the police-force.[5] The Working Class Goes to Heaven (1971) focused on the worker's condition. Property Is No Longer a Theft (1973) emphasized the role of money in our society and how power destroys the individual. Todo modo (1976), which was adapted from the eponymous novel by Leonardo Sciascia, is about the warped psychic structure of the power moguls among the Christian Democrats. Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[6]

In 1978, Petri directed for the television a remarkable version of Sartre's play Dirty Hands, starring Marcello Mastroianni. Due to copyright issues, the film has not been released outside Italy.

Good News (1979), was produced by Petri and Giancarlo Giannini. [7]

Final years[edit]

In 1981, Petri went to Geneva to direct Arthur Miller's new play The American Clock, and Marcello Mastroianni was to play the leading role. Petri died of cancer on 10 November 1982. He was 53 years old.

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1960 The Employee Man near to News Stand Uncredited
1961 The Assassin Writer/Director
1962 His Days Are Numbered Writer/Director
1963 The Teacher from Vigevano Writer/Director
1965 The 10th Victim Writer/Director
1967 We Still Kill the Old Way Writer/Director
1968 A Quiet Place in the Country Writer/Director
1970 Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion Policeman Sleeping During Dottore's Address Writer/Director
1971 The Working Class Goes to Heaven Writer/Director
1973 Property Is No Longer a Theft Writer/Director
1976 Todo modo Writer/Director
1979 Good News Writer/Director

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elio Petri Revisited|MoMA
  2. ^ "Investigation of a Citizen above Suspicion" Wins Foreign Language Film: 1971 Oscars
  3. ^ ELIO PETRI, DIRECTOR OFFILMS SATIRIZING THE SOCIETY OF ITALY - The New York Times
  4. ^ "Berlinale 1969: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  5. ^ Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (1970)|The Criterion Collection
  6. ^ "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
  7. ^ Elio Petri: A Forgotten Genius, Remembered|FILM|PORT Magazine

Publications[edit]

  • Roma ore 11 (Rome & Milan: Sellerio Editore Palermo, 1956; 2004).
  • L’assassino (Milan: Zibetti, 1962). With Tonino Guerra.
  • Indagine su un cittadino al di sopra ogni sospetto (Rome: Tindalo, 1970). With Ugo Pirro.
  • La proprietà non è più un furto (Milan: Bompiani, 1973). With Ugo Pirro.
  • Scritti di cinema e di vita, ed. by Jean A. Gili (Rome: Bulzoni Editore, 2007).
  • Writings On Cinema & Life (New York: Contra Mundum Press, 2013). Ed. by Jean A. Gili

External links[edit]