Elioak, Maryland

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Coordinates: 39°14′5″N 76°53′12″W / 39.23472°N 76.88667°W / 39.23472; -76.88667 Elioak is an unincorporated community in Howard County, Maryland, United States.[1][2] It was the home of the "Pushpin Farm", a 200-acre slave plantation purchased in 1724 in the Howard District of Anne Arundel County by Col. Edward Dorsey and site of many prominent Dorsey family graves.[3] The postal community was named after the Elioak plantation built by Owen Dorsey, Judge of the Baltimore Orphans' Court.[4] A postal office operated in the community from 12 June 1893 to 15 September 1922.[5][6] Local farm orchards were known for prize winning apples and pears.[7] Local families such as the Kahler, Miller, and Worthington claimed Elioak as home while they served in World War I.[8] After the war, the name fell out of use.[9]

The road from Elioak to Simpsonville, Maryland was resurveyed in 1820 as part of Charles Carroll's 13,000 acre Doughoregan Manor, with a stone inscription that read, "There stand the beginning trees of Doughoregan, Push Pin and the Girl's Portion".[10][11] It would become paved in the early 1900s to form Route 108.[12] The interior of the curving road formed the unofficial western boundary targeted for public water and sewer, as well as the area purchased by land speculators for the Rouse Company development of Columbia, Maryland. The exterior forms the rural boundary of Howard County targeted for preservation though easements created by Senator Clark of Elioak Farm in the 1980s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henry Gannett (1901). A Gazetteer of Maryland and Delaware, Volume 2. p. 32.
  2. ^ Michael L. Sankey; Carl R. Ernst (1998). The County locator: the guide to locating places and finding the right county for public record searching. BRB Publications. p. 277.
  3. ^ Maxwell Jay Dorsey; Jean Muir Dorsey; Nannie Boyd Ball Nimmo; M.J. Dorsey. The Dorsey family: descendants of Edward Darcy-Dorsey of Virginia and Maryland for five generations, and allied families. p. 99.
  4. ^ Joshua Dorsey Warfield. The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. p. 408.
  5. ^ "Checklist of Maryland Post Offices" (PDF). Smithsonian National Postal Museum. 12 July 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  6. ^ J. Onwhyn (1909). The Lancet, Volume 2, Part 1.
  7. ^ Maryland State Horticultural Society (1907). Report of the Maryland State Horticultural Society, Volume 10. p. 220.
  8. ^ War Records Commission, Stuart Symington Janney, Karl Singewald. Maryland in the World War, 1917-1919: Military and Naval Service Records Volume 2. Maryland War Records Commission, 1933 - World War, 1914-1918. p. 1108.
  9. ^ Burke, Missy; Emrich, Robin; Kellner, Barbara (2008). Oh, You must live in Columbia. Columbia, Maryland: Columbia Archives. p. 35.
  10. ^ Joshua Dorsey Warfield. The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. p. 507.
  11. ^ William Hand Browne; Louis Henry Dielman (1969). Maryland Historical Magazine. Maryland Historical Society: 293. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ S. Elliott (1916). Good Roads Volume 49. p. 33.