Eliot Weinberger (born 6 February 1949) is a contemporary American writer, essayist, editor, and translator. His work regularly appears in translation and has been published in more than thirty languages.
Weinberger first gained recognition for his translations of the Nobel Prize–winning writer and poet Octavio Paz. His many translations of the work of Paz include The Poems of Octavio Paz, In Light of India, and Sunstone. Among Weinberger's other translations are Vicente Huidobro's Altazor, Xavier Villaurrutia's Nostalgia for Death, and Jorge Luis Borges' Seven Nights. His edition of Borges’ Selected Non-Fictions received the National Book Critics Circle Award for criticism.
Today, Weinberger is primarily known for his literary writings (essays) and political articles, the former characterized by their wide-ranging subjects and experimental style, verging on a kind of documentary prose poetry, and the latter highly critical of American politics and foreign policy.
Life and work
Born in New York, Weinberger's books of literary writings include Works on Paper, Outside Stories, Written Reaction, Karmic Traces, The Stars, Muhammad, the "serial essay" An Elemental Thing, which was selected by the Village Voice as one of the "20 Best Books of the Year," and Oranges & Peanuts for Sale.
His political articles are collected in 9/12, What I Heard About Iraq, and What Happened Here: Bush Chronicles, a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle award for criticism and selected for the Times Literary Supplement’s "International Books of the Year." The Guardian (UK) said of What I Heard About Iraq: "Every war has its classic antiwar book, and here is Iraq’s." It has been adapted by others into a prize-winning theater piece, two cantatas, two prize-winning radio plays, a dance performance, and various art installations; it has appeared on some tens of thousands of websites, and was read or performed in nearly one hundred events throughout the world on 20 March 2006, the anniversary of the invasion.
The author of a study of Chinese poetry translation, 19 Ways of Looking at Wang Wei, Weinberger is the current translator of the poetry of the poet Bei Dao, and the editor of The New Directions Anthology of Classical Chinese Poetry, also a TLS "International Book of the Year." He is the series editor of Calligrams: Writings from and on China, jointly published by Chinese University of Hong Kong Press and New York Review Books. Among the other books he has edited are the anthologies American Poetry Since 1950: Innovators & Outsiders and World Beat: International Poetry Now from New Directions.
He is a frequent contributor to the London Review of Books and Lettre International (Germany) and a regular contributor to the New York Review of Books. He is an editor of the Murty Classical Library of India and serves on the Advisory Boards of the Margellos World Republic of Letters (Yale University Press) and the Mexican Cultural Institute of New York, as well as the Board of Directors of New Directions Publishing.
In 1992, Weinberger was the first recipient of the PEN/Kolovakos Award for his promotion of Hispanic literature in the U.S. In 2000, Weinberger became the only U.S. literary writer to be awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle by the government of Mexico. He is prominently featured in the Visitor’s Key to Iceland, and was chosen by the German organization Dropping Knowledge as one of a hundred "world’s most innovative thinkers." At the 2005 PEN World Voices Festival, he was presented as a "post-national writer." He lives in New York City.
- Works on Paper, New Directions (New York, NY), 1986.
- Nineteen Ways of Looking at Wang Wei, Moyer-Bell (Wakefield, RI), 1987.
- Outside Stories, New Directions (New York, NY), 1992.
- Written Reaction: Poetics, Politics, Polemics, Marsilio Publishing, 1996.
- Karmic Traces, New Directions (New York, NY), 2000.
- What I Heard About Iraq, Verso (London), 2005.
- The Stars (with Vija Celmins), Museum of Modern Art (New York, NY), 2005.
- What Happened Here: Bush Chronicles, New Directions (New York, NY), 2005; Verso (London), 2006.
- Muhammad, Verso (New York, London), 2006
- An Elemental Thing, New Directions (New York, NY), 2007.
- Oranges and Peanuts for Sale, New Directions (New York, NY), 2009.
- Wildlife, Giramondo (Sydney), 2012.
- Two American Scenes (with Lydia Davis), New Directions (New York, NY) 2013.
- The Wall, the City, and the World, Readux (Berlin), 2014.
- The Ghosts of Birds, New Directions (New York, NY), 2016.
- Nineteen Ways of Looking at Wang Wei (expanded edition), New Directions (New York, NY), 2016.
- Montemora (literary magazine), 1975-1982.
- Una antologia de la poesia norteamericana desde 1950, Ediciones del Equilibrista (Mexico), 1992.
- American Poetry Since 1950: Innovators and Outsiders, Marsilio Publishing, 1993.
- Sulfur #33, (special issue: "Into the Past"), 1993.
- James Laughlin, Ensayos fortuitos, Ed. Vuelta (Mexico City), 1995.
- The New Directions Anthology of Classical Chinese Poetry, New Directions (New York, NY), 2003; Anvil (London), 2007.
- The Crafts of Mexico, edited by Margarita de Orellana, Alberto Ruy-Sánchez; guest editor, Eliot Weinberger. Smithsonian Books, (Washington), 2004.
- World Beat: International Poetry Now from New Directions, New Directions (New York, NY), 2006.
- Kenneth Rexroth, Songs of Love, Moon & Wind: Poems from the Chinese, New Directions (New York, NY), 2009.
- Kenneth Rexroth, Written on the Sky: Poems from the Japanese, New Directions (New York, NY), 2009.
- Elsewhere, Open Letter (Rochester, NY), 2014.
Editor and translator
- Octavio Paz, Eagle or Sun?, October House, 1970, revised edition, New Directions (New York, NY), 1976.
- Octavio Paz, A Draft of Shadows, New Directions (New York, NY), 1980.
- Homero Aridjis, Exaltation of Light, Boa Editions (Brockport, NY), 1981.
- Octavio Paz, Selected Poems, New Directions (New York, NY), 1984.
- Jorge Luis Borges, Seven Nights, New Directions (New York, NY), 1984.
- Octavio Paz, The Collected Poems 1957-1987, New Directions (New York, NY), 1987; Carcanet (Manchester, UK), 1988; revised New Directions edition, 1991.
- Vicente Huidobro, Altazor, Graywolf (Minneapolis, MN), 1988, revised edition, Wesleyan University Press (Middletown, CT), 2003.
- Octavio Paz, A Tree Within, New Directions (New York, NY), 1988.
- Octavio Paz, Sunstone, New Directions (New York, NY), 1991.
- Cecilia Vicuña, Unravelling Words and the Weaving of Water, Graywolf (Port Townsend, WA), 1992.
- Xavier Villaurrutia, Nostalgia for Death, Copper Canyon Press (Port Townsend, WA), 1993.
- Octavio Paz, In Light of India, Harcourt Brace (New York, NY), 1997.
- Octavio Paz, A Tale of Two Gardens, New Directions (New York, NY), 1997.
- Octavio Paz, An Erotic Beyond: Sade, 1998.
- Jorge Luis Borges, Selected Non-Fictions, Viking (New York, NY), 1999. (individual selections translated by Esther Allen, Suzanne Jill Levine or Weinberger). U.K. edition: The Total Library, Penguin (London), 1999.
- Bei Dao, Unlock, New Directions (New York, NY), 2000; Anvil (London), 2006. (translations with Iona Man-Cheong)
- Octavio & Marie-Jose Paz, Figures & Figurations, New Directions (New York, NY), 2002.
- Bei Dao, The Rose of Time: New & Selected Poems, New Directions (New York, NY), 2010. (various translators)
- Octavio Paz, The Poems of Octavio Paz, New Directions (New York, NY), 2012.
- Boston Review, December, 2000/January, 2001, John Palattella, review of Karmic Traces, pp. 56–57.
- Contemporary Authors, (Thomson Gale, 2004)
- The Nation, September 30, 2009, Scott Saul, review of An Elemental Thing and Oranges & Peanuts for Sale.
- Michael Duszat, Donkeys, Spirits, and Imperial Ladies: Enumeration in Eliot Weinberger's Essays, (American Studies: Volume 251), Winter (Heidelberg), 2014.
- Aden Rolfe Interviews Eliot Weinberger Weinberger in Cordite Poetry Review, 3 May 2016
- What I heard about Iraq Weinberger in the London Review of Books, 3 Feb 2005
- What I heard about Iraq in 2005 Weinberger in the London Review of Books 27 Dec 2005
- The Poetry-Transfigured Essay by Forrest Gander at Harriet