Eliphalet Frazer Andrews

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Eliphalet Frazer Andrews
Eliphalet Frazer Andrews sketch.png
Born (1835-06-08)June 8, 1835
Steubenville, Ohio
Died March 15, 1915(1915-03-15) (aged 79)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Union Cemetery
Known for painting
Spouse(s) Marietta Fauntleroy Minnigerode

Eliphalet Frazer Andrews (11 June 1835 – 15 March 1915), an American painter known primarily as a portraitist, established an art instruction curriculum at the behest of William Wilson Corcoran at his Corcoran School of Art, and served as its director, 1877–1902. He received many commissions to copy images of famous Americans, those copies are displayed by federal, state and local institutions, including the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Early life[edit]

Born in Steubenville, Ohio, to Dr. Alexander Hull[1] and Eliza Ann (Frazer) Andrews,[2] he received early training at Marietta College in Ohio, and further study in the Royal Prussian Academy, Berlin, in the atelier of Ludwig Knaus, at the Düsseldorf Academy and with Leon Bonnat at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris.[3]

Career[edit]

Rutherford B. Hayes portrait by Eliphalet Frazer Andrews, 1881

Following the election of his friend Rutherford B. Hayes as President[4] Andrews moved to Washington, D.C.[5]

William Wilson Corcoran hired Andrews to establish an art instruction curriculum at his Corcoran School of Art. Andrews served as its director, 1877–1902, and later as the Corcoran Art Gallery until his death. Pupils included Catharine Carter Critcher.[6]

Andrews' full-length portrait of Martha Washington (1878), based on a head and bust oil sketch from life by Gilbert Stuart, shows anachronistic details of costume and the American Renaissance chair.

Several federal government agencies, mostly through the Architect of the Capitol, Edward Clark, commissioned Andrews to make copies of existing portraits.[5] Thus, several of his portraits, are in The White House collection, including posthumous full-length portraits of Martha Washington (illustration), Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Johnson.[7] His Poppies[8] and Edge of a Stream[9] are at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Former Kentucky Lieutenant Governor John C. Underwood, President of the United Confederate Veterans commissioned Andrews to make twenty portraits of prominent Confederates for a proposed Confederate Museum in Richmond, Virginia.[10] The project was embroiled in litigation, and eleven paintings were sold in 1910 for unpaid storage fees by a Covington, Kentucky warehouse. Most ended up in Virginia (such as that of Gen. Robert E. Lee in the Westmoreland County Courthouse), but three are in the collection of the Kentucky Museum at Western Kentucky University.[11] The Confederate Memorial Association, led by Virginia lieutenant governor James Taylor Ellyson and financed by Thomas Fortune Ryan did build its headquarters (the Confederate Memorial Institute a/k/a "Battle Abbey") in Richmond, which is now the Virginia Historical Society. Perhaps the most famous paintings therein are the "Four Seasons of the Confederacy" murals by Charles Hoffbauer.

Personal life[edit]

In 1895 Andrews married Marietta Fauntleroy Minnigerode (1869–1932). She was the daughter of Charles Ernest Frederick Minnigerode (1816-1891), rector of St. Paul's Church in Richmond, Virginia and active in the Daughters of the Confederacy. E. F. Andrews was a member of the Metropolitan Club in Washington, D.C.

Death and legacy[edit]

Andrews died in Washington, D.C. on March 15, 1915, and his remains were returned to Steubenville, Ohio.[12] In 1917, his widow presented his portrait of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest to the Confederate Memorial in Chattanooga, Tennessee.[13][14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "A physician at Columbus"(Ohio State House: Governor Portraits: Governor Charles Foster, 1884)).
  2. ^ Who's Who in America, 1910–11
  3. ^ Fine Art Dealers Association: Eliphalet Frazer Andrews, noting E. Benezit and Who was Who in American Art
  4. ^ Andrews' bust-length portrait of Hayes, at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, was lent to an exhibition, "Mr President" at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, 1956.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Senate: Adams, John". senate.gov. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  6. ^ David Bernard Dearinger; National Academy of Design (U.S.) (2004). Paintings and Sculpture in the Collection of the National Academy of Design: 1826–1925. Hudson Hills. pp. 20–. ISBN 978-1-55595-029-3. 
  7. ^ The White House Historical Association; further portraits at the White House mentioned in Who's Who in America, 1910–11: Andrew Jackson, Zachary Taylor, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, and James A. Garfield.
  8. ^ Smithsonian American Art Museum: Poppies
  9. ^ American Art Museum: Edge of a Stream
  10. ^ minutes of the 9th Annual meeting of the Confederate Veterans pp. 173 et seq. available at https://books.google.com/books?id=n1krAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA173&lpg
  11. ^ Nancy D.Baird, "John Cox Underwood" The Kentucky Encyclopedia (University of Kentucky Press) p. 906, available at https://books.google.com/books?id=CcceBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA906&lpg
  12. ^ findagrave no.7611269.
  13. ^ Washington Times June 3, 1917
  14. ^ Daughters of the Confederacy 24th annual convention p. 350, available at https://books.google.com/books?id=sn8VAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA350&lpg