Elisa von Ahlefeldt

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Elise von Ahlefeldt

Elisa Davidia Margarethe Countess of Ahlefeldt (born 17 November 1788 at Trankjör Castle on the Danish island of Langeland, died 20 March 1855 in Berlin) was a German-Danish noblewoman and wife of the Prussian General-major and war hero Adolf von Lützow (1782- 1834).[1]


Elisa von Ahlefeldt was the only surviving child of Count Friedrich von Ahlefeldt-Laurvigen. She enjoyed an excellent education but had no happy childhood and youth. Domestic districts, mostly caused by the extravagance and excesses of the father, separated the parents' marriage. In 1806 she was morganatically married to the Danish Crown Prince Christian (later Christian VIII ) and bore a daughter in 1807. This short, happy marriage, which had been concluded against the will of the father, was concealed, and the child kept away from Denmark.

During a bathing trip to Bad Nenndorf with her mother, she met the Prussian officer Adolf von Lutzow, who was cured there of wounding from Freischar Ferdinand von Schills against Napoleon . On March 20, 1810, she married him without the hard-to-resist her father's resistance. The marriage was at first happy, as long as the love of fatherhood both combined into a common activity. When Lutzow built his freikorps in 1813, Elisa had a decisive part in it. She was enthusiastic about the advertising and equipment of the volunteers, accepted the reports in Breslau, and later devoted herself to the wounded. Theodor Körner, Friedrich Friesen and Petersdorff belonged to their most loyal friends. She was a close friend of Friedrich Friesen, and in 1843 she played a decisive role in commemorating the fact that he had been solemnly buried at the Berlin Old Garrison Cemetery 29 years after his death. In the fighting, she remained close to the corps, helping, nurturing (especially her often wounded husband), sharing all the troubles. Love relationship with Immermann

After the peace she lived in Berlin, Koenigsberg and Münster (since 1817), where Lutzow stood in garrison. In 1822, she met the young Carl Leberecht Immermann (1796-1840). By means of common literary and artistic inclinations, a close love affair developed between them, which determined their life from the spring of 1822 onwards for more than 17 years.

In 1824, Immermann was moved to Magdeburg to gain some distance. Elisa, however, separated from her husband, who had become a general, and moved to Dresden. 1825 her marriage with Lützow was divorced; she refused to marry Immermann, but followed him first to Magdeburg, then to Duesseldorf, and led him to a common household in a country house, the Collenbach estate on the Ratinger Chaussee in the nearby Derendorf (today Pempelfort ), [ 1] where she visited her ex-husband General von Lutzow in May 1829 to sue her suffering for his new but unfortunate marriage with Auguste Uebel. [2] From 1831 onwards - with the permission of the Danish King - she returned her birth name. From 1827 to 1839, she supported Immermann's literary work after the beginnings of a joint translation of Walter Scott's " Ivanhoe " in Münster. It had a great influence on Immermann's poetical activity and gained great influence on his poetical work.

After Immermann's engagement with Marianne Niemeyer (1838), she left Düsseldorf and finally parted with him in August 1839. At the beginning of 1840 she went to Berlin, where she lived first with her friend Johanna Dieffenbach, devoted herself to her new and old circle of friends and stayed with his wife and daughter even after Immermann's early death. - A long suffering ended her life. Salon

Her salon in Berlin existed from 1840 to 1855, also known as "Sundays". This was from 1840 to 1846 first in the Potsdamer Chaussee 38, from 1846 then in the Schulgartenstraße 1a (today's Ebertstraße ) and in the 1850er years in the Dessauer street 7.

This salon was visited by former members of Lützow's Freikorps and other family members of the divorced husband's family, to which she was still connected after her divorce.

It was also common to communicate with other salons. Elisa Gräfin von Ahlefeld got in contact with those of Ludmilla Assing, Clara Mundt-Mühlbach and Fanny Lewald and they visited each other.

As guests came to her: Rudolf von Auerswald (politician), Therese von Bacheracht (writer), Karl Isidor Beck (poet), Louis Blanc (painter), Edward von Bülow (writer), Peter von Cornelius Johanna Dieffenbach, Katharina Dietz (her friend), Rudolf von Gottschall (writer), Alexander von Humboldt (naturalist), Karl Christoph von Kamptz (Prussian Minister of Justice), Adolf Friedrich von Krummacher (theologian), Gustav Kühne Karoline Lauska, Fanny Lewald (writer, salon), Theodor Mundt (writer), Clara Mundt-Mühlbach (writer, salon), Henriette Paalzow (writer, salon), Emil Paleske (actor, writer) with wife, Leo von Palm (general and companion Lützow), Betty Paoli (writer), Friedrich von Petersdorff (General and companion Lutzow), Gustav von Pulitz (Lustspieldrektor), Christian Rauch (sculptor), Friedrich von Raumer (Prof essor for history), Max Ring, Hermann Sagert, Eduard Schnaase, Adolf Stahr, Henrik, Steffens, Theodor Stein, Ludwig Tieck ), Karl August Varnhagen van Ense (writer), Wilhelm Wach (painter), Feodor Wehl (writer, poet), Wilhelm Zahn (professor).


  1. ^ "Aus dem Leben der Gräfin von Ahlefeldt" (in German). Rambow.de. 18 August 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2017.