Elisaveta Bagriana

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Elisaveta Bagryana
Elisaveta Bagriana.jpg
Elisaveta Bagryana (fragment from a photo, made before 1939). Source: Bulgarian Archives State Agency
Born Elisaveta Lyubomirova Belcheva
(1893-04-16)16 April 1893
Sofia, Bulgaria
Died 23 March 1991(1991-03-23) (aged 97)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Resting place Central Sofia Cemetery
Nationality Bulgarian
Occupation Poet
BASA-546K-1-108-19-Elisaveta Bagryana Signature (cropped).JPG

Elisaveta Bagryana (Bulgarian: Елисавета Багряна) (16 April 1893 – 23 March 1991), born Elisaveta Lyubomirova Belcheva (Bulgarian: Елисавета Любомирова Белчева), was a Bulgarian poet who wrote her first verses while living with her family in Veliko Tarnovo in 1907–08. She, along with Dora Gabe (1886–1983), is considered one of the "first ladies of Bulgarian women's literature". She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature three times.[1]


Elisaveta Bagryana. Source: Bulgarian Archives State Agency

Elisabet Belcheva-Bagryana taught in the village of Aftani, where she experienced rural life, from 1910 to 1911, after which she studied Slavic philology at Sofia University. Her first poems — Why ("Защо") and Night Song ("Вечерна песен") — were published in 1915 in the magazine Contemporary Thought (Съвременна мисъл).

It was after World War I ended that she truly entered into the literary world, at a time when poetry was undergoing a transformation. By 1921, she was already active in the literary life, and was collaborating on the Newspaper of the Woman ("Вестник на жената") and the magazine Modernity ("Съвременник"), among other publications.

With the arrival of her first book, The Eternal and the Holy ("Вечната и святата", 1927), she earned the confirmation of her peers. She also started writing children's stories. Her poems are straightforward, sensitive and serious, as in The Well ("Кладенецът"), a fable-like piece relating a well she dug when a little girl to the wellspring of poetry in her soul. They often are undeniably feminine – as in the poem The Eternal, in which the writer contemplates the body of a dead mother, or Evening Prayer – and spirited, as shown by the youthful, rebellious spirit in The Elements.

The memorial plaque on the house in Sofia, in which Bagriana lived and worked from 1957 to 1991

Elisaveta Bagryana passed her life surrounded by words, editing a number of magazines and writing. Her works have been translated into over 30 languages. Her poems are most recently available in a book entitled Penelope of the 21st Century: Selected poems of Elisaveta Bagryana, translated by Brenda Walker.

In 1943, 1944, and 1945 she was nominated for a Nobel Prize in literature.[1] In 1969, she won a gold medal from the National Association of Poets in Rome.

Elisaveta Bagryana was a friend of Pétar Russév, father of Brazilian politician Dilma Rousseff, who won election as Brazil's first female President on 31 October 2010.[2]

Works in English[edit]

  • Elisaveta Bagriana (1970). Kevin Ireland; Piotr Dinekov; Piotr Velchev, eds. Ten Poems, in the Original and in an English. Sofia Press. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  • Penelope of the twentieth century: selected poems of Elisaveta Bagryana translators Brenda Walker, Belin Tonchev, Valentine Borrisov, Forest, 1993. ISBN 9781856100267
  • Voices of Sibyls: Three Bulgarian Poets--Elisaveta Bagryana, Nevena Stefanova, Snezhina Slavova, Translator Yuri Vidov Karageorge, Morris Pub., 1996. ISBN 9781575021232

See also[edit]


External links[edit]