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Elisheba (/əˈlɪʃɪbə/; אֱלִישֶׁבַע’Ělîšeḇa‘) was the wife of Aaron, who was Moses' elder brother and the ancestor of the Jewish high priests, according to the Hebrew Bible.[1]

She was said to be a daughter of Amminadab, and a sister of Nahshon, from the Tribe of Judah (Exodus 6:23).[2] The Hebrew name is composed of two parts. In Hebrew, "El" signifies "God"[3] and "Sheba" means "oath", so the name Eli-sheba can be translated as "God is (my) oath".

The Hebrew Bible records that Elisheba and Aaron had four sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar (Exodus 6:23). Levitical priests or kohanim are traditionally believed and halakhically required to be of direct patrilineal descent from Aaron and Elisheba's two youngest sons, Eleazar and Ithamar.

In the New Testament, in first chapter of the Gospel according to Luke, a woman named Elisabet (Greek: Ἐλισάβετ[4]) is said to be a descendant of Aaron and the wife of Zechariah, who was also a priest. She was a relative of Mary, mother of Jesus and gave birth to John the Baptist.[5] Elizabeth is the common modern English variant of Elisabet, derived from Elisheba.[6] A notable example is Queen Elizabeth II.

Alishba is a modern South Asian name that derives from Elisheba.[6] An example is the Pakistani actress Alishba Yousuf.


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2014-02-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Book of Exodus, Chapter 6
  3. ^ Gesenius' dictionary, 45. el
  4. ^ Englishman's Concordance, Ἐλισάβετ
  5. ^ Gospel according to Luke, Chapter 1
  6. ^ a b Thomas, Siobhan (2016). Best Baby Names for 2017: Over 8,000 names and 100 inspiration lists. London: Random House. p. 365. ISBN 9781473528956. Retrieved 12 August 2018.