Eliticide

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Eliticide or elitocide refers to "the killing of the leadership, the educated, and the clergy of a group." It is usually carried out during the beginning of a genocide and done to cripple a possible resistance against perpetrators. Examples include the Armenian genocide, Cambodian genocide, German-Soviet occupation of Poland,[1] and instances in the Yugoslav Wars.[2] The term was first used in 1992 by British reporter Michael Nicholson to describe the Bijeljina massacre in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[3] During the Bosnian War local Serbs would point out prominent Bosniaks to be killed afterwards by Serb soldiers.[4][5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pakulski 2016, p. 40.
  2. ^ Totten & Bartrop 2008, p. 129.
  3. ^ Gratz 2011, pp. 409-410.
  4. ^ Totten & Bartrop 2008, p. 130.
  5. ^ Bartrop & Jacobs 2014, p. 2232.

References[edit]

  • Bartrop, Paul R.; Jacobs, Steven Leonard (2014). Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-610-69364-6.
  • Gratz, Dennis (2011). "Elitocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its Impact on the Contemporary Understanding of the Crime of Genocide". Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. Routledge. 39 (3): 409–424. doi:10.1080/00905992.2011.565318. ISSN 0090-5992.
  • Pakulski, Jan (2016). "State Violence and the Eliticide in Poland 1935-49". In Killingsworth, Matt; Sussex, Matthew; Pakulski, Jan. Violence and the State. Manchester: Manchester University Press. pp. 40–62. ISBN 9781784997168.
  • Totten, Samuel; Bartrop, Paul R. (2008). Dictionary of Genocide. I. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-34642-2.