Elitloppet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Elitloppet
Group One International race
Location Solvalla Racetrack, Stockholm,
 Sweden
Inaugurated 1952
Race type Harness race for standardbred trotters
Website elitloppet.se
Race information
Distance 1,609 meters (1 mile)
Track Left-handed 1,000 meter track (0.62 mile)
Qualification Invitational
Purse ≈US$892,000

Elitloppet (literally: "The Elite Race") or Solvallas Internationella Elitlopp is an annual, invitational Group One harness event that has taken place at Solvalla Racetrack in Stockholm, Sweden since 1952.[1] The competition is regarded as one of the most prestigious international events in trotting. The winner is decided through two qualifying rounds and a subsequent final later the same day. Both the eliminations and the final are raced over the mile.[2] The overall purse for the 2012 event was SEK6,400,000, equalling approximately US$892,000.[3][4][5] In 2002 the Italian champion Varenne, (considered the strongest trotter of all time), took it in a world record time of 1:10.4 in the elimination and then bested that mark by winning the final in 1:10.2 – the fastest mile ever trotted around three turns. The fastest winning time in a final is 1:09.5, run by the French Timoko in 2014.[6][7][8] Elitloppet is part of the European Grand Circuit.[9]

History[edit]

The beginning[edit]

The first Elitloppet was run in 1952 under the name of Solvallas Jubileumslopp (approximately "Solvalla's Jubilee Race"). Winner the opening year was the German horse Permit.[10] The following year, the event changed name to Elitloppet.[11]

The doping affair in 2006[edit]

In Elitloppet 2006, French star trotter Jag de Bellouet won in a record time of 1:09,4 (km rate), with Italian Lets Go in second place. At a press conference a few weeks after the Elitloppet Day, it was announced that both horses had been disqualified due to positive doping tests. Jag de Bellouet and Lets Go tested positive for diclofenac and etacrynic acid, respectively. After the disqualifications, Swedish Conny Nobell was announced the official winner of the 2006 event. The general secretary in the Swedish Trotting Association (STC), Ulf Hörnberg, expressed that the double disqualifications was a "tragedy" for the event.[12]

Racing conditions[edit]

The races[edit]

In 1952-1958 and in 1973, Elitloppet was decided through two heats followed by a race-off if not one and the same horse won both heats. In 1959-1961, when a longer distance was trotted, only a single race was run. Since 1962 (with the exception of 1973), a concept of two eliminations and one final has been used. The number of horses in the eliminations has varied from seven to twelve during these years, but there have always been eight trotters in the final.[6]

Distance[edit]

The distance has, with the exception of the years 1959-1961, been in the interval of 1,580-1,640 meters. In 1959, the horses ran 3,200 meters, and the two following years, the distance was approximately 2,700 meters.[6]

Starting method[edit]

During the first ten years, 1952-1961, volt start was used in Elitloppet. From 1962 and on, a motorized starting gate has been used, changing the starting method from volt start to auto start.[6]

The Elitloppet weekend[edit]

Elitloppet is traditionally raced on the last Sunday of May.[13] Solvalla stages races both Saturday and Sunday which makes up a meet, known in Sweden as "The Elitloppet weekend" (Swedish: Elitloppshelgen). The two days are generally well-visited and is considered one of Sweden's biggest sports events. In 2008, a total of over 53,000 people attended the events at Solvalla.[14]

Past winners[edit]

Horses with most wins[edit]

  • 2 - Varenne (2001, 2002)
  • 2 - Copiad (1994, 1995)
  • 2 - Mack Lobell (1988, 1990)
  • 2 - Ideal du Gazeau (1980, 1982)
  • 2 - Timothy T. (1974, 1975)
  • 2 - Eileen Eden (1968, 1970)
  • 2 - Roquepine (1966, 1967)
  • 2 - Gelinotte (1956, 1957)[6]

Sires with at least two winning offspring[edit]

  • 2 - Quick Pay (The Onion, Victory Tilly)
  • 2 - Alf Palema (Gidde Palema, Torvald Palema)
  • 2 - Bulwark (Frances Bulwark, Carné)
  • 2 - Epilog (Eidelstedter, Permit)
  • 2 - Hoot Mon (Pack Hanover, Dart Hanover)
  • 2 - Kerjacques (Eleazar, Jorky)
  • 2 - Speedy Crown (Gum Ball, Moni Maker)[6]

Drivers with most wins[edit]

Countries, number of wins[edit]

Fastest winners[edit]

Short distance (1,600-1,609 m), auto start (1962-)[edit]

  • 1:09.5 (km rate)/1:51.8 (mile rate) - Timoko (2014)[6][7][8][15]

Short distance (1,580-1,640 m), volt start (1952-1958)[edit]

  • 1:16.7 (km rate) - Gelinotte (1956)[6]

Long distance (2,700-3,200 m), volt start (1959-1961)[edit]

  • 1:19.1 (km rate) - Honoré II (1960)[6]

All winners of Elitloppet[edit]

Year Horse Driver Country1 Odds of winner Winning time
2016 Nuncio Örjan Kihlström  Sweden 3.10 1:09.2
2015 Magic Tonight Örjan Kihlström  Sweden 4.35 1:10.1
2014 Timoko Björn Goop  France 2.94 1:09.5
2013 Nahar Robert Bergh  Sweden 5.48 1:10.1
2012 Commander Crowe Christophe Martens  Sweden 3.01 1:10.4
2011 Brioni Joakim Lövgren  Germany 27.06 1:10.5
2010 Iceland Johnny Takter  Sweden 8.92 1:10.5
2009 Torvald Palema Åke Svanstedt  Sweden 4.86 1:10.4
2008 Exploit Caf Jean-Michel Bazire  Italy 1.78 1:09.8
2007 L'Amiral Mauzun Jean-Michel Bazire  France 5.29 1:10.0
2006 Conny Nobell Björn Goop  Sweden 4.18 1:09.9
2005 Steinlager Per Oleg Midfjeld  Norway 1.86 1:10.0
2004 Gidde Palema Åke Svanstedt  Sweden 1.34 1:10.0
2003 From Above Örjan Kihlström  Sweden 9.44 1:10.1
2002 Varenne Giampaolo Minucci  Italy 1.32 1:10.2
2001 Varenne Giampaolo Minucci  Italy 1.47 1:10.7
2000 Victory Tilly Stig H. Johansson  Sweden 3.10 1:10.5
1999 Remington Crown Joseph Verbeeck  France 4.10 1:12.6
1998 Moni Maker Wally Hennessey  United States 2.20 1:10.6
1997 Gum Ball Stig H. Johansson  Sweden 4.95 1:12.3
1996 Coktail Jet Jean-Etienne Dubois  France 4.33 1:11.4
1995 Copiad Erik Berglöf  Sweden 1.39 1:11.3
1994 Copiad Erik Berglöf  Sweden 2.38 1:11.8
1993 Sea Cove Joseph Verbeeck  Germany 2.51 1:11.9
1992 Billyjojimbob Murray Brethour  Canada 2.40 1:11.8
1991 Peace Corps Stig H. Johansson  Sweden 1.41 1:12.2
1990 Mack Lobell Thomas Nilsson  Sweden 1.59 1:11.0
1989 Napoletano Stig H. Johansson  Sweden 1.57 1:12.8
1988 Mack Lobell John D. Campbell  United States 1.52 1:11.3
1987 Utah Bulwark Stig H. Johansson  Sweden 6.31 1:12.1
1986 Rex Rodney Kjell Håkonsen  Norway 1.51 1:13.4
1985 Meadow Road Torbjörn Jansson  Sweden 5.72 1:11.6
1984 The Onion Stig H. Johansson  Sweden 2.34 1:12.2
1983 Ianthin Paul Delanoe  France 4.15 1:13.2
1982 Ideal du Gazeau Eugène Lefèvre  France 2.06 1:13.2
1981 Jorky Leopold Verroken  France 3.65 1:13.2
1980 Ideal du Gazeau Eugène Lefèvre  France 3.05 1:13.8
1979 Pershing Berndt Lindstedt  Sweden 1.71 1:13.7
1978 Hadol du Vivier Jean Rene Gougeon  France 2.56 1:14.0
1977 Eleazar Leopold Verroken  France 3.55 1:16.0
1976 Dimitria Leopold Verroken  France 2.47 1:15.8
1975 Timothy T. Giancarlo Baldi  Italy 2.81 1:17.2
1974 Timothy T. Giancarlo Baldi  Italy 2.70 1:15.7
1973 Ego Boy Ingemar Olofsson  Sweden 2.03 1:23.8
1972 Dart Hanover Berndt Lindstedt  Sweden 1.27 1:15.3
1971 Tidalium Pelo Jean Mary  France 1.80 1:14.7
1970 Eileen Eden Johannes Frömming  Italy 21.12 1:15.5
1969 Fresh Yankee Joe O'Brien  Canada 2.67 1:15.8
1968 Eileen Eden Johannes Frömming  Italy 1.30 1:15.8
1967 Roquepine Henri Levesque  France 1.38 1:15.1
1966 Roquepine Henri Levesque  France 3.24 1:15.3
1965 Elma Johannes Frömming  United States 1.42 1:16.5
1964 Pack Hanover Sergio Brighenti  Italy 4.39 1:15.4
1963 Ozo Roger Massue  France 1.31 1:16.5
1962 Eidelstedter Johannes Frömming  West Germany 4.65 1:17.4
1961 Kracovie Roger Vercruysse  France 3.34 1:20.3
1960 Honoré II Raoul Simonard  France 21.04 1:19.1
1959 Jamin Jean Riaud  France 1.21 1:21.1
1958 Io d'Amour Gerhard Krüger  West Germany 1.25 1:18.4
1957 Gelinotte Charlie Mills  France 1.67 1:16.8
1956 Gelinotte Charlie Mills  France 1.24 1:16.7
1955 Gutemberg A. Alain Deheeger  France 9.85 1:18.9
1954 Carné Olle Persson  Sweden 8.65 1:18.7
1953 Frances Bulwark Sören Nordin  Sweden 2.25 1:20.6
1952 Permit Walter Heitman  West Germany 2.16 1:17.3

1 Nationality of the winning horse's owner(s)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elitloppet - Sweden, Stockholm". HorseRacing.com. The Horse Racing Channel. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  2. ^ Kentell, Mark (2008-05-24). "'Elitlopp' most prestigious race in the World". harnesslink.com. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  3. ^ "Travsport - Resultat". travsport.se (in Swedish). STC. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  4. ^ "Resultat - Elitloppet, försök 1". travsport.se (in Swedish). STC. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  5. ^ In the conversion to USD, the rates of 2012-05-27, the date of the 2012 Elitloppet, have been used.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Elitloppet". qhurth.com (in Swedish). Retrieved 2014-07-13. 
  7. ^ a b Jag de Bellouet won in 1:09.4 in 2006, but was later disqualified.
  8. ^ a b Panne de Moteur won an elimination race in 2014 in 1:08.9.
  9. ^ "European Grand Circuit 2009" (PDF). uet-trot.net. European Trotting Union (UET). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  10. ^ "Travsportens historia på 15 minuter". travsport.se (in Swedish). STC. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  11. ^ "Utmärkt ciceron på S-företagarnas Solvallakväll". stockholmsbf.se (in Swedish). 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  12. ^ Pawlak, John (2006-06-23). "Jag de Bellouet stripped of title". harnesslink.com. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  13. ^ Berg, Leif (2007-05-27). "Fransk smygare vann Elitloppet". dn.se (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  14. ^ "54 401 besökte Elitloppshelgen". newsdesk.se (in Swedish). 2008-05-26. Archived from the original on 2008-12-11. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  15. ^ Bonsdorf, Karsten (2008-05-25). "Exploit Caf wins the Elitlopp; Enough Talk finishes third". ustrotting.com. United States Trotting Association. Retrieved 2009-03-04. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]