Eliud Kipchoge

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Eliud Kipchoge
Berlin-Marathon 2015 Runners 0.jpg
Personal information
Born (1984-11-05) 5 November 1984 (age 33)
Kapsisiywa, Nandi District
Height 166 cm (5 ft 5 in)
Weight 56 kg (123 lb)
Sport
Country Kenya
Sport Athletics
Coached by Patrick Sang

Eliud Kipchoge (born 5 November 1984 in Kapsisiywa, Nandi District) is a Kenyan long distance runner, and the 2016 Olympic marathon gold medallist. He has been described as “the greatest marathoner of the modern era”.[1] He has won 9 out of 10 marathons he raced - in his second marathon in 2013 when Wilson Kipsang ran the then world record, he finished second.[2][3]

He came to prominence in 2003 by winning the junior race at the IAAF World Cross Country Championships, setting a world junior record over 5000 metres on the track and then becoming world champion at the 2003 World Championships in Athletics. An Olympic 5000 m bronze for Kenya followed at the 2004 Athens Olympics and he took another bronze at the 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships.

A series of silver medals came, starting at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics before another runner-up placing at the 2008 Summer Olympics. He was fifth at the 2009 World Championships but again reached the podium at the 2010 Commonwealth Games; he was second behind Moses Kipsiro in the 5000 metres. He has won four medals at editions of the annual IAAF World Athletics Final and is a five-time 5000 m finalist at the World Championships.

His 3000 metres best of 7:27.66 ranks him as the 12th-fastest at the distance ever and his 5000 m best of 12:46.53 makes him the fourth-fastest ever in the event.[4] He began to move towards road running in 2012 and set a half marathon best of 59:25 minutes—which is the third-fastest debut half marathon in history. He made his Marathon debut at the Hamburg Marathon in 2013 setting a new course record of 2:05:30. He improved on this later that year, at the Berlin Marathon, running 2:04:05, the fifth-fastest marathon in history at the time. He won the London Marathon in 2015, 2016 and 2018.[5][6] He also won the Berlin Marathon in 2015 in 2:04:00, improving his personal best by 5 seconds despite the insoles of his shoes coming loose early in the race. In 2016, he improved on this personal best again, achieving a winning time of 2:03:05 (second-fastest time ever at the time on a record-eligible course and setting a new course record) at the London Marathon,[7] followed by a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Olympics with a time of 2:08:44.

On 6 May 2017, as part of the Nike Breaking2 project, he ran a marathon distance in 2:00:25 at the Monza race track, Italy.[8] His time marks the fastest marathon ever run,[9] but is not an official world record due to the circumstances in which it occurred.[10]

Career[edit]

2002–2004[edit]

Kipchoge graduated from Kaptel Secondary School in 1999 but did not run seriously then. In 2002, he won at the Kenyan trials for the 2002 IAAF World Cross Country Championships junior race. At the World Cross Country Championships, held in Dublin, Kipchoge finished fifth in the individual race and was part on the Kenyan junior team that won gold. Kipchoge also won the 5000 metres race at the Kenyan trial for the 2002 World Junior Championships in Athletics, but got ill and missed the championships. At the 2003 IAAF World Cross Country Championships he won the junior race.

Kipchoge won a gold medal at the 5000 m final at the 2003 World Championships, outsprinting both future world record holder Kenenisa Bekele and runner-up Hicham El Guerrouj (the world record holder in the 1500 metres and mile) by four hundredths of a second (12:52.79 vs. 12:52.83).[11]

Kipchoge later won a bronze medal at the 5000 m final at the 2004 Athens Olympics, behind El Guerrouj and Kenenisa Bekele.[12] He also won the Trofeo Alasport cross country race earlier that season.

World and Olympic medals[edit]

Kipchoge won the bronze in the 3000 metres indoor at the 2006 World Championships in Moscow. At the end of the year, he ran at the San Silvestre Vallecana New Year's Eve 10 km road race and he just held off Zersenay Tadese to win in a time of 26:54 minutes. This was better than the world record, but the time was assisted by the downhill course.[13]

Kipchoge won a silver medal at the 5000 m final of the 2007 World Championships at Osaka in 13:46.00, behind Bernard Lagat (13:45.87).[14]

During the 2008 Olympics held in Beijing, China, Kipchoge won a silver medal in the 5000m event with a time of 13:02.80 which was better than the previous Olympic record of 13:05.59 but it was not enough to match Kenenisa Bekele's pace, who won the gold medal for this race.[15] He failed to reach the podium at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics, finishing in fifth place and he also finished ninth in the 3000 m at the 2009 IAAF World Athletics Final. On the circuit, he won the Great Yorkshire Run 10K and Campaccio Cross Country that year.

During the 2016 Rio De Janeiro Olympics, Kipchoge won a gold medal in the marathon.

2010–11 seasons[edit]

He made his debut on the 2010 IAAF Diamond League by winning the 5000 m Qatar Athletic Super Grand Prix in a meet record time.[16] Kipchoge made a world best attempt at the 2010 Carlsbad 5000 road race and, although he won the race, weather affected his chances and he finished in 13:11, the fourth-fastest ever for the course.[17]

In the first athletics final of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, he attempted to win the 5000 m Commonwealth title. Ugandan runner Moses Kipsiro held a slender lead over him in the final stages of the race and Kipchoge ended up in second place, taking the silver medal some seven hundredths of a second behind.[18][19] He flew back to Europe immediately after to take part in the Belgrade Race through History the following day. His shoe fell off in the first kilometre and, after putting it back on, he made up much ground on the field to eventually take second place two seconds behind Josphat Menjo.[20]

At the start of 2011, he won the short race at the Great Edinburgh Cross Country, ahead of Asbel Kiprop.[21] He attempted to retain his title at the Carlsbad 5000 in April but came a close second behind Dejen Gebremeskel.[22] Kipchoge was chosen to represent Kenya at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics and reached the 5000 m final for the fifth consecutive time, although he only managed seventh place on this occasion.

Move to road events[edit]

2012

Kipchoge returned to the Edinburgh Cross Country in 2012, but this time he finished third behind Asbel Kiprop and Britain's Jonathan Hay.[23] He was also third at the Carlsbad 5000 in March.[24] He attempted to gain a place on the 10,000 m Olympic team at the Prefontaine Classic, but fell back in the late stages of the Kenyan trial race, finishing seventh.[25] A seventh-place finish in the Kenyan 5000 m trial race meant he would not make a third consecutive Olympic team.[26] As a result, he changed his focus to a half marathon debut and, after running a time of 59:25 minutes for third at the Lille Half Marathon,[27] he entered the 2012 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships and placed sixth.[28]

2013

Kipchoge opened his 2013 season with a win at the Barcelona Half Marathon in a time of one hour and four seconds.[29] Making his marathon debut in April, he demonstrated a perfect transition to the longer distance by taking the Hamburg Marathon title with a run of 2:05:30 hours—beating the field by over two minutes and setting a new course record.[30] In August 2013 he won the Half Marathon of Klagenfurt in 61:02 minutes.[31] Then, he raced in the Berlin Marathon, hoping to improve his 2:05:30 personal best from the Hamburg Marathon, and he finished second in 2:04:05, the fifth-fastest time in history, behind Wilson Kipsang, who set a new marathon world record. This made him the fifth-fastest marathon runner in history, in only his second ever marathon.

2016

In April 2016, Kipchoge won the London Marathon for the second consecutive year in a time of 2:03:05.[32] His performance broke the course record in London, and became the second-fastest marathon time in history, missing Dennis Kimetto's world record by 8 seconds.[33] Later that year, on 21 August 2016 at the Rio Olympics Eliud Kipchoge won the gold medal in the men's marathon in a time of 2:08:44.

On 20 November 2016 Kipchoge ran in the Airtel Delhi Half Marathon, he won the race clocking a time of 59:44.[34]

2017

On 6 May 2017, Kipchoge, along with Zersenay Tadese and Lelisa Desisa, attempted a first sub-two-hour assisted marathon, in Nike Breaking2 project on the Monza Formula 1 racetrack near Milan, Italy. It was paced by a lead car and supporting runners joining in stages (both considered illegal under IAAF rules).[1] He finished in 2:00:25, while the other two had to slow and finished far behind. The runners planned even 14:13 5k splits to break 2 hours. His 5k splits were: 14:14, 14:07, 14:13, 14:15, 14:14, 14:17, 14:17, 14:27, and 6:20 to finish.[35] The 5k split times 25k and further would be world records: 25k in 1:11:03, 30k in 1:25:20, 35k in 1:39:37, 40k in 1:54:04.

On 24 September 2017 he won the Berlin Marathon in a time of 2:03:32.[36] In rainy conditions, he finished 14 seconds ahead of Guye Adola who ran his first marathon. Adola set the fastest marathon debut ever.[37] Former marathon world record holder Wilson Kipsang and last year's winner Kenenisa Bekele failed to finish.[38][39]

2018

Kipchoge won the 2018 London Marathon against competitors including Mo Farah (4 time Olympic gold medalist) finished third 2:06:32 hours in his second marathon, Kenenisa Bekele (3 time Olympic gold medalist) and defending champion Daniel Wanjiru.[40][41]

Major achievements[edit]

Track events
Competition Distance Rank Time Place Date Notes
2003 World Championships 5000 m 1st 12:52.79 Paris 31 August 2003 Age 18
2004 Summer Olympics 5000 m 3rd 13:15.10 Athens 28 August 2004 Finished 3rd to El Guerrouj and Bekele
2006 World Indoor Championships 3000 m 3rd 7:42.58 Moscow 12 March 2006 1st Kenenisa Bekele (7:39.32)
2007 World Championships 5000 m 2nd 13:46.00 Osaka 2 September 2007 1st Bernard Lagat (13:45.87)
2008 Summer Olympics 5000 m 2nd 13:02.80 Beijing 23 August 2008 1st Kenenisa Bekele (12:57.82 OR)
Road events
2013 Hamburg Marathon 1st 2:05:30 Hamburg 21 April 2013 Marathon debut, course record
2013 Berlin Marathon 2nd 2:04:05 Berlin 29 September 2013 1st Wilson Kipsang (2:03:23 WR)
2014 Rotterdam Marathon 1st 2:05:00 Rotterdam 13 April 2014
2014 Chicago Marathon 1st 2:04:11 Chicago 12 October 2014
2015 London Marathon 1st 2:04:42 London 26 April 2015
2015 Berlin Marathon 1st 2:04:00 Berlin 27 September 2015
2016 London Marathon 1st 2:03:05 London 24 April 2016 Course record and his PB, 3rd-best World of all time
2016 Summer Olympics 1st 2:08:44 Rio de Janeiro 21 August 2016
2017 Berlin Marathon 1st 2:03:32 Berlin 24 September 2017
2018 London Marathon 1st 2:04:17 London 22 April 2018
World Marathon Majors results timeline
World Marathon Majors 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tokyo Marathon - - - - - -
Boston Marathon - - - - - -
London Marathon - - 1st 1st - 1st
Berlin Marathon 2nd - 1st - 1st -
Chicago Marathon - 1st - - - -
New York City Marathon - - - - - -

Personal Bests[edit]

Indoor
Distance Time (min) Date Location
1500 m 3:36.25 18 February 2006 Birmingham (NIA), GBR
3000 m 7:29.37 5 February 2011 Stuttgart (Schleyer Halle)
Two miles (indoor) 8:07.39 18 February 2012 Birmingham
5000 m 12:55.72 11 February 2011 Düsseldorf
Outdoor
Distance Time (min) Date Location
1500 m 3:33.20 31 May 2004 Hengelo
Mile run 3:50.40 30 July 2004 London
3000 m 7:27.66 6 May 2011 Doha
5000 m 12:46.53 2 July 2004 Rome
10,000 m 26:49.02 26 May 2007 Hengelo
Half marathon 59:25 1 September 2012 Lille
Marathon 2:03:05 24 April 2016 London

All Information taken from IAAF profile.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J.S. (4 October 2017). "Can the marathon's two-hour barrier be broken?". The Economist. 
  2. ^ "Dritter Sieg in London: Kipchoge rennt Weltrekord hinterher" (in German). Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  3. ^ "IAAF: Kipsang sets world record of 2:03:23 at Berlin Marathon| News | iaaf.org". iaaf.org. Retrieved 2018-04-29. 
  4. ^ 5000 Metres All Time. IAAF (4 October 2010). Retrieved on 15 October 2010.
  5. ^ Harris, Daniel; bit), Will Unwin (for a (2018-04-22). "London Marathon 2018: Kipchoge wins men's race with Farah third as Cheruiyot takes women's – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  6. ^ Bloom, Ben (26 April 2015). "London Marathon 2015 men results, Eliud Kipchoge wins". Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "LondonMarathon on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  8. ^ "#Breaking2: Eliud Kipchoge goes close to sub-two hour marathon at Nike event". BBC Sport. 2017-05-06. Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  9. ^ "So Close to Breaking the Unbreakable Record". Cameron Poetzscher's Sports Blog. Retrieved 2017-05-29. 
  10. ^ Longman, Jeré (2017-05-06). "Eliud Kipchoge Runs World's Fastest Marathon, in Nike's Special Shoes". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  11. ^ 2003 World Championships, "Unheralded Kipchoge salvages Kenyan pride". IAAF. 1 September 2003. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "El Guerrouj completes historic double". Rediff.com. 29 August 2004. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Kipchoge breaks 27 minute barrier in Madrid". IAAF. 1 January 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  14. ^ 2007 World Championships, "5000m results". IAAF. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007. 
  15. ^ 2008 Olympics, "5000m results". Runner's World. Archived from the original on 25 August 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2008. 
  16. ^ Ramsak, Bob (14 May 2010). "Rudisha and Powell impress as IAAF Diamond League kicks off in Doha – Report". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  17. ^ Cruz, Dan (12 April 2010). "Defar and Kipchoge prevail in Carlsbad". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  18. ^ Commonwealth Games 2010: Kipsiro wins 5,000m gold. BBC Sport (6 October 2010). Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  19. ^ Rowbottom, Mike (12 October 2010). "India sweeps women's Discus Throw, Langat and Kipsiro complete doubles – Commonwealth Games Day Six". IAAF. Archived from the original on 15 October 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2010. 
  20. ^ Butcher, Pat (13 October 2010). "Menjo takes five seconds off course record in Belgrade". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  21. ^ Wenig, Jörg (8 January 2011). "Kipchoge and Masai prevail in snowy Edinburgh". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  22. ^ Cruz, Dan (4 April 2011). "Gebremeskel and Kiros take Carlsbad 5Km victories". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  23. ^ Wenig, Jorg (7 January 2012). "Kiprop triumphs in race of champions, Bekele a distant 11th – Edinburgh XC report". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  24. ^ Rosenthal, Bert (2 April 2012). "Gebremeskel and Dibaba Win Carlsbad 5000". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  25. ^ Gains, Paul (2 June 2012). "Dibaba 30:24.39 and Kiprop 27:01.98 on stunning but wet first night in Eugene – Samsung Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  26. ^ Mutuota, Mutwiri (23 June 2012). "Rudisha runs 1:42.12 at altitude – Kenyan Olympic Trials". IAAF. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  27. ^ Ramsak, Bob; Juck, Alfons (2 September 2012). "Chebii clocks 59:05 course record in Lille Half Marathon". IAAF. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  28. ^ "2012 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships Results". IAAF. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  29. ^ Results. MitjaBarcelona. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  30. ^ Minshull, Phil (21 April 2013). "Kipchoge makes marvellous Marathon debut with 2:05:30 course record in Hamburg". IAAF. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  31. ^ Klagenfurt – Kärnten läuft – Halbmarathon – 2013-08-18 Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  32. ^ [1] Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  33. ^ [2] Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  34. ^ "Rio 2016: Kenya's Kipchoge triumphs in men's marathon". OmRiyadat English. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  35. ^ Caroll, James (2017-05-06). "Eliud Kipchoge misses sub two-hour marathon target in Monza – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  36. ^ "BMW BERLIN-MARATHON". Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  37. ^ "44. Berlin-Marathon: Eliud Kipchoge siegt, Weltrekord verpasst". Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  38. ^ SUF (2017-09-24). "Berlin-Marathon: Eliod Kipchoge schrammt am Weltrekord vorbei". DIE WELT. Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  39. ^ "Favorit Kipchoge gewinnt den 44. Berlin-Marathon". www.rbb24.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  40. ^ "London-Marathon mit Hattrick durch Kipchoge und Rekord für Farah". Eurosport Deutschland. 2018-04-22. Retrieved 2018-04-22. 
  41. ^ "London Marathon 2017: Mo Farah finishes third as Eliud Kipchoge wins". BBC Sport. 2018-04-22. Retrieved 2018-04-22. 
  42. ^ IAAF, Kipchoge Eliud biography: Eliud Kipchoge biography

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Morocco Hicham El Guerrouj
Men's 3,000 m best year performance
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Kenya Isaac Kiprono Songok
Preceded by
Kenya Edwin Cheruiyot Soi
Men's 3,000 m best year performance
2009
Succeeded by
Ethiopia Tariku Bekele