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Eliye Springs, also known as Ille Springs, is a remote village on the western shore of Lake Turkana in Kenya, near the mouth of River Turkwel. It is located 50 kilometres east of Lodwar and 40 kilometres south of Kalokol.
The local springs for which it is named produce lush vegetation along its section of the otherwise barren lakeshore, and support a community of about 5000 people with fresh drinking water. However, due to neglect, the spring's water has been found to have ecoli and other harmful agents.
Around 1981 there was a hunting lodge on the side of the lake made up of a series of grass huts and very basic facilities. By 1982 this fell into disrepair and the owner left but some staff remained hoping to collect unpaid wages. The huts provided refuge for intrepid travellers who enjoyed the clear warm waters and sunsets. Food had to be bought in Lodwar and the journey to Eliye Springs in 1982 took about 2 hours.
The Lodge has since been placed under new management and attracts a growing clientele of tourists to the beautiful non-humid white sand beach. A sand surface airstrip nearby supports small chartered aircraft.
Early Human History and Cradle Of Mankind
A Skull of very early human ancestry called "Homo Heidelbergensis" dating between 200,000 and 300,000 years old with Exhibit Item Number "Eliye Springs ES11693" can be found at the Smithsonian Institution.
In a preliminary report (Brauer & Leakey, 1986), the new fossil cranium KNM-ES-11693 from Eliye Springs at the western shore of Lake Turkana was presented as a further representative of archaic Homo Sapiens.
ES-11693 is compared to African early and late archaic Homo Sapiens. Although the new hominid presents a unique mosaic of archaic and modern features, it appears to have a closer relationship with the late archaic H. Sapiens grade, in which such hominids as Omo 2 and Laetoli H. 18 can also be grouped.
- "Eliye Springs". Eliye Springs Resort. Retrieved May 2014.
- "Exhibit Item ES11693". Smithsonian Institution.
- "The ES-11693 Cranium from Eliye Springs, West Turkana, Kenya" (PDF). Gunter Brauer And Richard E. Leakey.
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