Elizabeth, Colorado

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Elizabeth, Colorado
Statutory Town
Old Town Elizabeth, Colorado
Old Town Elizabeth, Colorado
Location of Elizabeth in Elbert County, Colorado.
Location of Elizabeth in Elbert County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 39°21′40″N 104°36′22″W / 39.361015°N 104.606172°W / 39.361015; -104.606172Coordinates: 39°21′40″N 104°36′22″W / 39.361015°N 104.606172°W / 39.361015; -104.606172[1]
Country  United States
State  State of Colorado
County Elbert County[2]
Incorporated October 9, 1890[3]
 • Type Statutory Town[2]
 • Total 1.25 sq mi (3.23 km2)
 • Land 1.25 sq mi (3.23 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation[5] 6,476 ft (1,974 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,358
 • Estimate (2016)[6] 1,394
 • Density 1,116.09/sq mi (430.94/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[7] 80107
Area code(s) 303
INCITS place code 0823740
GNIS feature ID 0185149
FIPS code 08-23740
Website www.townofelizabeth.org

Elizabeth is a statutory town which is the most populous municipality in Elbert County, Colorado, United States. The population was 1,358 at the 2010 census,[8] down from 1,434 at the 2000 census.


Elizabeth, initially called Russellville,[9] began in 1855 as a saw mill camp operated by the Weber Brothers along the bank of Running Creek. The town was later named after a family member of John Evans, a territorial governor.[10]

The Town was incorporated in October 1890 and had a population of 300 as well as an operating post office since 1882.[11] By 1901, Elizabeth had several businesses offering general merchandise, lumber, creamery products, feed, other services, and with a student enrollment of 300 in the local school system. The railroad, previously known as the D&NO Railway, had changed ownership and became known as the Colorado and Southern Railway. Following the 1935 flood in Elbert County,[12] the railroad tracks that ran through Elizabeth were torn out and consequently, for the next thirty years, the town suffered an economic decline.

Transportation improvements in the region in the 1960s brought the community closer to the metropolitan area and the community began to grow slightly. By 1970, the population was 493, in 1980 it was 789, in 1995 it was 1,053, and the current estimated population is 1,358.


Elizabeth is located in western Elbert County at 39°21′36″N 104°36′0″W / 39.36000°N 104.60000°W / 39.36000; -104.60000 (39.359954, -104.600063).[13] Colorado State Highway 86 passes through the town, leading east 7 miles (11 km) to Kiowa and west 15 miles (24 km) to Castle Rock. Denver is 40 miles (64 km) to the northwest via Franktown and Parker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.2 km2), all of it land.[8]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20161,394[6]2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 1,434 people, 496 households, and 380 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,670.6 people per square mile (643.8/km²). There were 513 housing units at an average density of 597.6 per square mile (230.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.00% White, 0.07% African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 3.49% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.00% of the population.

There were 496 households out of which 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $49,596, and the median income for a family was $51,902. Males had a median income of $38,875 versus $25,066 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,902. About 7.8% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.


Elizabeth is home to the weekly newspaper, the Meadowlark Herald,[16] which is also the only newspaper wholly owned and published in Elbert County. The Elbert County News, The Ranchland News, The West Elbert County Sun, and The Prairie Times also publish Elbert County news and distribute widely in the county.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  4. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on January 1, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2007. 
  8. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Elizabeth town, Colorado". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  9. ^ "History". Town of Elizabeth. Retrieved 2018-06-27. 
  10. ^ Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: The J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 20. 
  11. ^ "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "22 Most Damaging Floods in Colorado". www.assessment.ucar.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-01. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ http://www.meadowlarkherald.blogspot.com

External links[edit]