Elizabeth, Pennsylvania

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Elizabeth
Borough
Second Avenue
Second Avenue
Location in Allegheny County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Allegheny County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 40°16′16″N 79°53′11″W / 40.27111°N 79.88639°W / 40.27111; -79.88639Coordinates: 40°16′16″N 79°53′11″W / 40.27111°N 79.88639°W / 40.27111; -79.88639
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Area[1]
 • Total 0.41 sq mi (1.07 km2)
 • Land 0.34 sq mi (0.89 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,493
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 1,485
 • Density 4,342.11/sq mi (1,674.45/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 15037
Area code(s) 412
FIPS code 42-22992
Designated December 20, 1946[3]

Elizabeth is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on the east bank of the Monongahela River, where Pennsylvania Route 51 crosses, 15 miles (24 km) upstream (south) of Pittsburgh and close to the county line. The population was 1,493 at the 2010 census.[4] The borough of Elizabeth is entirely contained within the 15037 USPS ZIP code. The local school district is the Elizabeth Forward School District.

Geography[edit]

Elizabeth is located at 40°16′16″N 79°53′11″W / 40.27111°N 79.88639°W / 40.27111; -79.88639 (40.271189, -79.886347).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 14.63%, is water.

Surrounding neighborhoods[edit]

Elizabeth has two land borders with the townships of Elizabeth to the east and northeast, and Forward to the south and southeast. Across the Monongahela River, Elizabeth runs adjacent with West Elizabeth and Jefferson Hills, the former with a direct connector via Malady Bridge.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,120
1860 975 −12.9%
1870 1,196 22.7%
1880 1,810 51.3%
1890 1,804 −0.3%
1900 1,866 3.4%
1910 2,311 23.8%
1920 2,703 17.0%
1930 2,939 8.7%
1940 2,976 1.3%
1950 2,615 −12.1%
1960 2,597 −0.7%
1970 2,273 −12.5%
1980 1,892 −16.8%
1990 1,610 −14.9%
2000 1,609 −0.1%
2010 1,493 −7.2%
Est. 2016 1,485 [2] −0.5%
Sources:[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 1,609 people, 681 households, and 422 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,544.8 people per square mile (1,775.0/km²). There were 758 housing units at an average density of 2,141.1 per square mile (836.2/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.84% White, 3.60% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.19% Asian, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.

Households: There were 681 households, out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.98.

Age Distribution: The population was spread out, with 22.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40. For every 100 females, there were 82.2 males; for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

Income: The median income for a household in the borough was $30,556, and the median income for a family was $36,607. Males had a median income of $28,088 versus $22,350 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,618. About 7.3% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government and Politics[edit]

Mayor: Barry Boucher

Presidential Elections Results[14][15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61% 384 36% 225 3% 17
2012 56% 346 44% 274 1% 9

History[edit]

Sketch of Elizabeth and West Elizabeth, circa 1897
  • 1787 - Elizabeth (formerly Elizabeth Town) was founded by Samuel Mackay, Colonel Stephen Bayard and his wife Elizabeth Mackay Bayard (for whom the town was named).
  • 1788 - Elizabeth was one of the first seven townships organized by Allegheny County; the others being Moon, St. Clair, Mifflin, Versailles, Plum, and Pitt. The original Elizabeth Township comprised the entire triangle of land between the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers. In addition to present-day Elizabeth Borough and Elizabeth Township, this also included areas which are now Forward Township, Lincoln Borough, Port Vue Borough, Liberty Borough, the City of Glassport, and the Tenth Ward of the City of McKeesport.
  • 1803 - The keelboat used for the first stages of the Lewis and Clark Expedition was built in Elizabeth. (This claim is disputed by the city of Pittsburgh, which makes a similar claim. See references below.)
  • 1834 - On April 2, 1834, a charter was issued to incorporate the Town of Elizabeth as a borough.
  • 1869 - Forward Township and Lincoln Township were separated from Elizabeth Township.

Early industry[edit]

Among the earliest industries of Elizabeth were glass making, safe making, steamboat building, and ship building. The town had two coal inclines in 1876, the O'Neil and Company Coal Incline on pool 1, and the Lobb's Run Incline on pool 2.

Nike missile site[edit]

From 1956 to 1963, Elizabeth was the location of a Nike anti-aircraft missile site (40°15′17″N 79°57′59″W / 40.25472°N 79.96639°W / 40.25472; -79.96639).

Old Graveyard[edit]

The Oldest Cemetery, known as "The Old Graveyard" is located on Bayard Street in Elizabeth, Pennsylvania. The cemetery contains the remains of Elizabeth Mackay Bayard, for whom the town is named for. The cemetery has its first burial dating to 1774.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  4. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Elizabeth borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). 1850 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). 1880 United States Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Population-Pennsylvania" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Number and Distribution of Inhabitants:Pennsylvania-Tennessee" (PDF). Fifteenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ EL. "2012 Allegheny County election". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  15. ^ EL. "2016 Pennsylvani general election..." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]