Elizabeth, South Australia

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Elizabeth
AdelaideSouth Australia
Clock Tower Elizabeth City Centre.JPG
Clock tower at Elizabeth City Shopping Centre with the Windsor building to the left of the picture.
Population 952 (2006 census)[1]
811 (2001 Census)[2]
Established 1955
Postcode(s) 5112[3]
Location 24 km (15 mi) N of Adelaide city centre[3]
LGA(s) City of Playford
State electorate(s) Elizabeth
Federal Division(s) Wakefield (2011)[4]
Suburbs around Elizabeth:
Edinburgh North Elizabeth North Elizabeth Park
Edinburgh Elizabeth Elizabeth East
Elizabeth South Elizabeth Grove Elizabeth East

Elizabeth is an outer northern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Playford.

It was the seat of the former local government body, the City of Elizabeth, which included Elizabeth as well as the immediately adjacent suburbs on all sides except the west. Although the City of Elizabeth no longer exists, having been amalgamated into the much larger City of Playford in 1997, the term 'Elizabeth', in the context of Adelaide, typically refers to the historic municipality and the distinct community therein.[5]

History[edit]

Before the 1950s, most of the area surrounding today's suburb of Elizabeth was farming land. After the end of the Second World War with its shortage of materials, the state government decided that South Australia needed to grow and become industrialised. A satellite city was planned for northern metropolitan fringe of Adelaide between the existing townships of Salisbury and Smithfield. The South Australian Housing Trust initiated a housing development program in the area, with a purchase of 1,200 hectares (3,000 acres) at the site of the present suburb.

The township (now suburb) of Elizabeth was established on 16 November 1955, being named after Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.[6] In 1964, a new local government body, the municipality of Elizabeth, later called City of Elizabeth, was created by severance from the District Council of Salisbury.[7] This allowed the local government to focused explicitly on the newly-developed land and distinct local growing community centred at Elizabeth.

From 1994 to 2017, all Australian-built Holden vehicles were manufactured at the GMH factory in Elizabeth. The company ceased manufacturing in Australia on October 20, 2017.[8]

Geography[edit]

Elizabeth is the seat of the Playford local government area and thus acts as a central business district for the surrounding suburbs. It lies between the Gawler railway line and Main North Road. DSTO Edinburgh is located to the west of Elizabeth.[9]

Demographics[edit]

The 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 952 persons in the suburb of Elizabeth on census night. Of these, 52.9% were male and 47.1% were female.[1]

The majority of residents (66.2%) were Australian born, with 13.2% born in England.[1]

The age distribution of Elizabeth residents is similar to that of the greater Australian population. 67.5% of residents were aged 25 or over in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%; and 32.5% were younger than 25 years, compared to the Australian average of 33.5%.[1]

The population of Elizabeth as recorded by this census, encompassing postcodes 5112, 5113 and 5114, was about 60,000.

Community[edit]

The local newspaper is the News Review Messenger. Other regional and national newspapers such as The Advertiser and The Australian are also available.[10] The Bunyip Newspaper[11] also covers the Elizabeth area in its Playford Times section.[12]

Schools[edit]

Playford International College (formerly Fremont-Elizabeth City High School) is on Philip Highway. Kaurna Plains School is on Ridley Road.[13]

Sport[edit]

Elizabeth is the home of the Central District Bulldogs, an Australian rules football team in the South Australian National Football League (SANFL). It is currently the strongest team in South Australian football, having (in 2010) won nine of the last eleven SANFL Premierships. They play all of their home games at Elizabeth Oval (currently named "Playford Alive Oval").

Elizabeth also has an association football club (soccer), the Playford City Patriots, who play in the South Australian State League. However, their home stadium is Ramsay Park in Edinburgh North, westerly adjacent to Elizabeth.

Facilities and attractions[edit]

City of Playford civic centre, Elizabeth, in 2017

The City of Playford civic centre houses the council chambers, the Elizabeth branch of the Playford Library and the Shedley Theatre.

Westerly adjacent to the civic centre is the Elizabeth Shopping Centre at the heart of the suburb.[9] Formerly known as Elizabeth Town Centre, it has been progressively expanded since the 1960s. In its early days it featured open air malls, but today it comprises a single storey undercover mall. A major renovation and extension was completed in 2004.

Parks[edit]

Dauntsey Reserve is located between Winterslow Road and Woodford Road. Ridley Reserve is located on the suburb's southern boundary. There are other parks and reserves in the suburb.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Elizabeth is serviced by Main North Road, connecting the suburb to Adelaide city centre, and by Philip Highway.[9]

Public transport[edit]

Elizabeth is serviced by public transport run by the Adelaide Metro.[14]

Trains[edit]

The Gawler railway line passes beside the suburb. The closest station is Elizabeth.[14]

Buses[edit]

Elizabeth is serviced by buses run by the Adelaide Metro.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Elizabeth (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Elizabeth (State Suburb)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Elizabeth, South Australia (Adelaide)". Postcodes-Australia. Postcodes-Australia.com. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Find my electorate". Australian Electoral Commission. 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Odenwalder, Lee (6 July 2017). "Elizabeth". Hansard. Parliament of South Australia. Retrieved 4 August 2017. We have to be mindful about what we are talking about when we say Elizabeth. We are not so much talking about the existing physical suburb; indeed, Elizabeth proper these days means the few square kilometres around the Elizabeth City Centre. It has been subsumed physically and administratively by the City of Playford and by the unbroken urban sprawl which extends to the small green belt before you get to Gawler. For anyone who grew up in Elizabeth and anyone who has lived in Elizabeth for a long time, there is a very distinct physical and psychological place called Elizabeth. It is not Salisbury, it is not Munno Para, and for a lot of people it is not even the City of Playford, whose borders spread far beyond what anyone understands to be Elizabeth. For those of us who grew up there, and for those of us who live there, it is very clear where Elizabeth is. It is in many ways hard to define, but it is culturally different from other parts of the metropolitan area. 
  6. ^ "E" (PDF). Place Names of South Australia. State Library of South Australia. p. 11. Retrieved 9 August 2017. On 16 November 1955, at a site on the Adelaide Plain, 17 miles north of Adelaide, a new town was inaugurated by Sir Thomas Playford, GCMG, Premier of South Australia 
  7. ^ "Local Government Act, 193401963: Portion of District Council of Salisbury and Elizabeth Severed and the Municipality of the Town of Elizabeth Constituted" (PDF). South Australian Government Gazette (7 ed.). Government of South Australia. 13 February 1964. p. 269. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  8. ^ "Holden: Last vehicle rolls off production line as Australian car manufacturing ends". Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c d Adelaide and surrounds street directory (47th ed.). UBD. 2009. ISBN 978-0-7319-2336-6. 
  10. ^ "South Australian Newspapers". Newspapers.com.au. Australia G'day. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  11. ^ The Bunyip Newspaper, www.bunyippress.com.au
  12. ^ Playford Times, www.bunyippress.com.au
  13. ^ "Australian Schools Directory". Australian Schools Directory. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c "Public Transport in Adelaide". Adelaide Metro official website. Dept. for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure, Public Transport Division. 12 January 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°43′12″S 138°40′23″E / 34.720°S 138.673°E / -34.720; 138.673