Elizabeth (given name)

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Meaning"God is my abundance"
"God is my oath"
Region of originEurope
Other names
Related namesBeth, Betsy, Eli, Bettina, Betty, Elisabeth, Élise, Eliza, Elsa, Elspeth, Isabel, Isabella, Isabelle, Lisa, Lisbeth, Liza, Liz, Lizzie, Lizzy

Elizabeth is a feminine given name derived from a form of the Hebrew name Elisheva (אֱלִישֶׁבַע‎), meaning "My God is an oath" or "My God is abundance", as rendered in the Septuagint.

Occurrence in the Bible[edit]

"Elizabeth" appears in the Old Testament as the name of Aaron's wife ("Elisheva" in the Hebrew Bible), and in the New Testament as the name of the wife of the priest Zechariah and mother of John the Baptist. It has also been the name of several saints and queens.


The name has many variants in use across the world and has been in consistent use worldwide. Elizabeth was the tenth most popular name given to baby girls in the United States in 2007 and has been among the 25 most popular names given to girls in the United States for the past 100 years. It is the only name that has remained in the top ten US girls' names list from 1925 to 1972.[1]

In the early 21st century it has been among the top 50 names given to girls born in England and Wales as well as in Canada and in Australia in the past 10 years and has been in the top 100 most popular names given to baby girls born in Scotland and Ireland. Elizaveta (Eлизaвeтa), a Russian form of the name, has been in the top 10 names given to baby girls born in Moscow, Russia in the past 10 years. The name is also popular in Ukraine and in Belarus.

Name variants[edit]

Full name[edit]


First half[edit]


Second half[edit]

People with this given name[edit]

Empresses regnant[edit]

Empresses consort[edit]

Queens regnant[edit]

Queens consort[edit]


Other aristocrats[edit]



Fictional characters with this given name[edit]


Derived from Elizabeth are many short forms and nicknames used in English-speaking countries, including but not limited to:[citation needed]

Name variants listed above may also be used as nicknames.

See also[edit]

  • Ælfthryth (Alfrith, etc.), an unrelated Anglo-Saxon name, originally Ælfþryð ('elf-strength'), superficially similar to Elspeth and several other variants of Elizabeth; more often rendered as Elfriede, Elfrida or Alfreda.


  1. ^ Frank Nuessel (1992). The Study of Names: A Guide to the Principles and Topics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 10. Retrieved 11 September 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)