Elizabeth Bonhôte

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Elizabeth Bonhôte, née Mapes (baptised 11 April 1744 – 11 June 1818) was an English novelist, essayist and poet. Her most successful work was Bungay Castle, a Gothic romance.

Life[edit]

Born Elizabeth Mapes in Bungay, Suffolk in April 1744, she was the older of two surviving children of James Mapes (baptised 1714 –1794), a baker and grocer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Galliard (d. 1789).

She married on 13 October 1772 Daniel Bonhôte, a Bungay solicitor and landowner, by whom she bore three children between 1773 and 1777. One of her daughters, also called Elizabeth, married Rev. Richard Dreyer, rector of Thwaite and a former curate of St Mary's in Bungay. Daniel Bonhôte later became under-sheriff of Suffolk and captain of a militia company. He died in 1804, after they had moved to Bury St Edmunds.[1]

Little else is known of Elizabeth Bonhôte's appearance or personality. After her death at Bungay on 11 June 1818, her will disposed of several dwelling houses and a bakery and shop in the town, as well as £3500 in cash and annuities.[1] She also founded still extant almshouses for elderly women and the widows of poor traders.[2] A street in Bungay has been named Elizabeth Bonhote Close.

Work[edit]

Elizabeth Mapes wrote several elegies and poems in praise of the monarchy, and a first anonymous novel, Hortensia, or, The Distressed Wife in 1769. She is said to have been a royalist "perfectly satisfied with our laws and constitution".[3] In the year of her marriage she had her second novel published, The Rambles of Mr Frankly, Published by his Sister in 1772. This is a moralistic work thought to have been influenced in its form by Laurence Sterne's A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy (1768). Frankly learns from observing people during his walks in Hyde Park.[4] The book became highly popular and was translated into German.[1]

Illness after the birth of her children contributed to a break in her writing career, which was resumed with the novel Olivia, or, The Deserted Bride in 1787. Next came a conduct book containing moral essays "for her children's guidance", called the Parental Monitor. These appeared in two volumes in 1788 by subscription, one applying to girls and one to boys. The verdict of a modern critic: "Intended as a guide to her children in the event of her death, it advocated acceptance of one's lot and dependence on adults."[5] Two further novels, Darnley Vale, or, Emelia Fitzroy (1789) and Ellen Woodley (1790) were both reviewed in the Monthly Review.[1] In 1796 there were two reprints of her Parental Monitor, one in London and one in Dublin.[6]

Bonhôte's most successful novel was inspired by her husband's purchase of the site and ruins of Bungay Castle in 1791. Its grandeur gave rise to Bungay Castle, a Gothic romance which appeared in 1796 with the popular publisher Minerva Press and was dedicated to the Duke of Norfolk.[3] It was reissued as recently as 2006.[7] Bonhôte had written occasional verse throughout her life. Her final publication was Feeling, or, Sketches from Life: a Desultory Poem (1810).[1]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hortensia, or, The Distressed Wife (1769, anonymous)
  • The Rambles of Mr Frankly, Published by his Sister (1772)
  • Olivia, or, The Deserted Bride (1787)
  • The Parental Monitor (1788, 2 vols, by subscription)
  • Darnley Vale, or, Emelia Fitzroy (1789)
  • Ellen Woodley (1790)
  • Bungay Castle (1796).
  • Feeling, or, Sketches from Life: a Desultory Poem (1810, anonymously)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Christopher Reeve, "Bonhôte, Elizabeth (1744–1818)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, UK: OUP, 2004) Retrieved 24 September 2015
  2. ^ Corby Project biography Retrieved 25 September 2015
  3. ^ a b The Feminist Companion to Literature in English, eds Virginia Blain, Patricia Clements and Isobel Grundy (London: Batsford, 1990), p. 113.
  4. ^ An example: "Everyone who pretends to singularity is actuated by the love of fame: and was there no panegyric, there would be no antiquary," p. 160. Quoted by Douglas Small: "The Phantasmagorical Imagination: From Singular Perversion to Curious Celebration", eSharp, Issue 14 (Winter 2009), p. 92. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  5. ^ Joanne Shattock: The Oxford Guide to British Women Writers (Oxford, UK: OUP, 1994), p. 50.
  6. ^ Humphreys 1886.
  7. ^ Bungay Castle: A Novel, (Lake Arrowhead, CA: Zittaw Press, 2006). ISBN 978-0976721253
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHumphreys, Jennett (1886). "Bonhote, Elizabeth". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 5. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

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