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|Died||1965 (aged 78–79)|
|Alma mater||Art Institute of Chicago|
|Known for||formal portraiture|
Elizabeth "Bessie" Buehrmann (c. 1886 – c. 1965) was an American photographer and artist who was one of the pioneers of taking formal portraits of people in their own homes rather than in a studio.
The exact place and date of Buehrmann's birth are not known. She grew up in Chicago, and from her early success her family appears to have been financially well-off and socially connected. At about the age of 15 she enrolled in painting and drawing classes at the Art Institute of Chicago. While she was still a teenager she began assisting Eva Watson-Schütze in her photography studio on West 57th Street, and it was there that she learned both the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. She made such progress that by the time she was just 18 years old she was accepted as an Associate Member in Alfred Stieglitz's important Photo-Secession.
Buehrmann specialized in taking portraits of clients in their homes, and she never used artificial scenery or props. She said "I have never had a studio at home but take my pictures in houses. A person is always much more apt to be natural, and then I can get different background effects." She also did not pose her subjects; instead she would "spend several hours getting acquainted with her subjects before attempting to reproduce the character found in an interesting face." Leading businessmen and diplomats commissioned her as well as prominent society women, and she was well known for both her artistry and her ability to capture "some of the soul along with the physical features of her sitters."
In 1906-07 she spent a year living in London and Paris in order to learn the latest techniques and styles of European photographers. As another sign of her prominence, she was invited to join the famous Photo-Club de Paris, where she worked for several months.
When she returned, the Art Institute of Chicago gave her a large exhibition of 61 prints, including portraits, landscapes and still lifes. Included among her portraits were photographs of Alvin Langdon Coburn, Robert Demachy, Russell Thorndike, Fannie Zeisler, Sydney Greenstreet and Helena Modjeska.
In 1909 Stieglitz included three of her prints in the prominent National Arts Club exhibition which he organized. Another famous photographer, Robert Demachy, insisted her prints be included in an important show he was organizing in Paris the next year. She continued doing portraiture until the late 1910s when she began exploring the then relatively new market for advertising photography. She spent the next decade working on a variety of advertising commissions. Her last known commercial photography took place in the early 1930s.
In 1940 she moved to St. Augustine, Florida, where she took up ceramics. An exhibit of her ceramic work was shown at the Lowe Gallery at the University of Miami in the early 1950s.
Buehrmann died in 1965.
- Goodman, Helen (Winter 1995). "Elizabeth Buehrmann, American Pictorialist". History of Photography. 19 (4): 338–341.
- unknown (18 March 1906). "Society goes for art in photography". Chicago Sunday American.
- "Art Institute of Chicago: Arts Crafts Exhibition" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- "Buehrmann, Elizabeth: The Art Institute of Chicago". Retrieved 2018-03-12.