|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wyoming's At-large district
January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Cynthia Lummis|
|Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For Near Eastern Affairs|
February 14, 2005 – January 20, 2009
|Born||Elizabeth Lynne Cheney
July 28, 1966
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Philip Perry (m. 1993)|
|Alma mater||Colorado College (B.A.)
University of Chicago (J.D.)
Elizabeth Lynne "Liz" Cheney Perry (born July 28, 1966) is an American attorney and politician who is the U.S. Representative for Wyoming's at-large congressional district. Cheney is the elder daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney and Lynne Cheney. She held several positions in the U.S. State Department during the George W. Bush administration. She has been politically active on behalf of the Republican Party and is a co-founder of Keep America Safe. She was briefly a candidate for the United States Senate in Wyoming, challenging the three-term incumbent Mike Enzi, before dropping out of the race. In the U.S. House, she holds the seat formerly held by her father.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Early career
- 3 State Department
- 4 2008 Republican presidential campaigns
- 5 Keep America Safe
- 6 Fox News
- 7 2014 Senate bid
- 8 2016 U.S. House election
- 9 Works
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Cheney is the elder of two daughters of former Vice President Dick Cheney and former Second Lady Lynne Cheney (née Vincent); Cheney attended part of sixth and seventh grade in Casper, Wyoming, while her father campaigned for Congress. The family split time between Casper and Washington DC in the 1970s through the '80s following her father's election to Congress. Cheney graduated from McLean High School (1984), where she was a cheerleader. She received her bachelor's degree from Colorado College, where she wrote her senior thesis, "The Evolution of Presidential War Powers," (1988). She received her law degree from the University of Chicago Law School (1996), having also taken courses in Middle Eastern history at the Oriental Institute.
Before attending law school, Cheney worked for the State Department for five years and the U.S. Agency for International Development between 1989 and 1993. After 1993, she took a job at Armitage Associates LLP, the consulting firm founded by Richard Armitage, then a former Defense Department official and Iran-Contra operative who later served as Deputy Secretary of State.
After graduating from law school, Cheney practiced law in the private sector (at the law firm of White & Case) and as an international law attorney and consultant at the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group. She has also served as Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of State for Assistance to the former Soviet Union, and as a USAID officer in U.S. embassies in Budapest and Warsaw.
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
In 2002, Cheney was appointed to the position of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, a pre-existing vacant post with an "economic portfolio", which is a mandate to promote investment in the region. Amid reports, including a New York Times editorial by Paul Krugman, saying that the job was created especially for her, State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said that she had come recommended by then-Secretary of State Colin Powell. The Sunday Times (London) reported that Cheney's appointment was "the most intriguing sign that America is getting serious about Middle East reform" and that the appointment was "a measure of the seriousness with which the administration was taking Middle East programmes for literacy, education, and reform." The appointment followed publicized policy divisions between the Vice President's office and the State Department on Middle East policy. In that position, she was given control of the Middle East Partnership Initiative, designed to "foster increased democracy and economic progress in a troubled region." The program spent $29 million in 2002, increased to $129 million in the following year. Cheney's task was to channel money to pre-screened groups, some of which were not identified publicly for fear of retaliations from extant governments they sought to undermine. For the budget year 2004, the project sought $145 million.
2004 Bush-Cheney re-election campaign
After two years of service, Cheney left her first State Department post in 2003 to serve in her father's re-election campaign. Participating in the "W Stands for Women" initiative to target female voters, Cheney spoke often of how women have enlarged their scope of political issues, invoking the September 11 attacks and "security".
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
In February 2005, she returned to the U.S. State Department and was appointed the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives. In this position, Cheney supported the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, C. David Welch, and coordinated U.S. multilateral efforts to promote and support democracy, expanded education and economic opportunities in the Middle East and Northern Africa. Cheney oversaw the launch of two semi-independent foundations, the Fund of the Future (worth $100 million), to provide capital for small businesses and the Foundation of the Future (worth $55 million), to promote freedom of the press and democracy. In that capacity, Cheney endorsed a draft of a new Iraqi constitution.
Iran Syria Policy and Operations Group
In April 2006, The New York Times published a story critical of Cheney's work, particularly with respect to Iran. Of particular scrutiny was a grants program administered by Elizabeth Cheney's unit, in collaboration with a Republican-affiliated foundation, the International Republican Institute. The Times maintained that when the group became controversial, with critics saying that it was plotting covert actions that could escalate into war with Iran and Syria, the group was disbanded, by May 2006. Shortly before the ISOG group was dissolved, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice initiated a major effort to engage Iran and Syria in efforts to stabilize Iraq. As late as April 11, 2009, Iranian officials investigating "cyber-crimes" cited Cheney's efforts in the daily newspaper Iran, specifically the "Democracy Program" [sic] initiative as parallel to a Netherlands-funded push for a "velvet revolution" accomplished by a media campaign to polarize the country, "despite the 1981 Algiers Accords signed between the U.S. and Iran in the aftermath of the U.S. embassy takeover in Tehran." Her controversial business relationship with American-Iranian businessman Navid Khiabani, which led for approving export permit via European Union and Office of Foreign Assets Control for exporting high caliber Steyr Mannlicher Steyr HS .50 to Iran, caused media attention in 2005.
2008 Republican presidential campaigns
Cheney signed on in June 2007 to serve as one of three national co-chairs for Fred Thompson's 2008 presidential campaign. The other co-chairs were Spencer Abraham and George Allen. In a press release issued at the beginning of his campaign, Thompson said he was "very pleased to announce that former Senators Abraham and Allen, as well as Liz Cheney, will serve as co-chairs of my national leadership team." Thompson added: "These distinguished individuals bring wise counsel and invaluable experience to my campaign leadership team, and they will play a critical role in helping spread my consistent conservative message across America." After Thompson dropped out of the race, Cheney announced on January 27, 2008 that she would work for Mitt Romney's presidential campaign, serving as a senior foreign policy advisor.
Keep America Safe
In October 2009, Liz Cheney, William Kristol, and Deborah Burlingame launched, as board members, a non-profit 501(c)4 organization called Keep America Safe. The group's stated purpose is to "provide information for concerned Americans about critical national security issues". The organization drew strong criticism from conservative lawyers, many of whom had worked for the Bush administration, after its campaign against the "The Al Qaeda 7", seven Justice Department lawyers in the Obama administration that previously had worked as defense lawyers for Guantanamo detainees. Shortly after, all public information about the organization disappeared from Internet.
In January 2012, Cheney was hired as a contributor for Fox News, providing analysis for the Republican primaries and serving as substitute host of some of Fox News' programs including Hannity and Fox News Sunday. She worked at Fox News for 18 months until her contract was terminated by the network in July 2013 after she announced her intention to mount a 2014 bid for the Senate in Wyoming.
2014 Senate bid
On July 16, 2013, Cheney announced that she would run for the Senate in 2014 from the state of Wyoming as a Republican, challenging the incumbent Republican senator Mike Enzi. The National Republican Senatorial Committee said it would back Enzi, as was policy. Cheney was expected to receive strong fundraising, but faced concerns about the fact she moved to Wyoming in fall 2012. In the video announcing her candidacy, she noted that the Cheney family first came to Wyoming in 1852. Her father served Wyoming in the House of Representatives from 1979 to 1989.
In her first campaign appearance in Cheyenne after announcing her challenge to Enzi, Cheney said, "We have to not be afraid of being called obstructionists. Obstructing President Obama's policies and his agenda isn't actually obstruction; it's patriotism." Cheney claimed that Obama had "literally declared war" on the First and Second amendments to the United States Constitution as well as the interests of Wyoming ranchers and energy workers who faced regulations from the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Cheney's campaign was marred by criticisms from her past championing of hawkish foreign policy positions to a public spat with her sister Mary over her refusal to support same-sex marriage. Enzi's continuing popularity made it difficult for Cheney to make inroads with Wyoming Republican voters. On January 6, 2014, Cheney announced she had withdrawn from the race, citing family health issues.
2016 U.S. House election
After incumbent Cynthia Lummis announced her retirement in the Fall of 2015, Cheney announced she was considering running for her seat in 2016. On February 1, 2016, Cheney announced her candidacy for Wyoming's lone seat in the U.S. House of Representatives and was widely considered the frontrunner for the seat. Oil tycoon Simon Kukes contributed to her campaign. She was elected with over 60% of the vote on the general election and was sworn in as Wyoming's at-large representative on January 3, 2017.
- Exceptional: Why the World Needs a Powerful America. with Dick Cheney. New York: Simon & Schuster. 2015. ISBN 978-1-5011-1541-7.
- In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir. with Richard Cheney. New York: Threshold Editions. 2011. ISBN 1-4391-7619-1.
- Boucher, Richard. "Selection of Elizabeth Cheney as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives". US State Department. US State Department. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- "Cheney makes first visit to World Trade Center site". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 19, 2001. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
- Mead Gruver; Ben Neary (July 16, 2013). "Liz Cheney: Time for 'new generation' in US Senate". Associated Press. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- "Cheney, Liz". Current Biography Yearbook 2010. Ipswich, MA: H.W. Wilson. 2010. pp. 103–107. ISBN 9780824211134.
- Rahman, Rema. "Liz Cheney Wins Wyoming House Seat". Roll Call. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- "Cheney balks at carpetbagger talk". Casper Star-Tribune. July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
- Kantrowitz, Barbara; Peterson, Holly (October 15, 2007). "What I Learned". Newsweek.
- Sullivan, Sean (January 6, 2014). "Liz Cheney to end Wyoming Senate bid, citing family health issues". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- Leiby, Richard (August 4, 2013). "Liz Cheney's Wyoming strategy". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- Cooper, Michael (October 1, 2000), "The 2000 Campaign: The Republican Running Mate; For the Cheney Family the Motto is 'All for One'", The New York Times
- Gellman, p. 37
- "State Department Post for Cheney Daughter", The New York Times, March 2, 2002
- Dana Milbank, "In Appointments, Administration Leaves No Family Behind," The Washington Post, March 12, 2002.
- "Cheney Family Try a New Peace Tack," The Sunday Times, September 11, 2003.
- Glenn Kessler and Peter Slevin, "Cheney is Fulcrum of Foreign Policy: In Interagency Fights, His Views Often Prevail," The Washington Post, October 13, 2002
- Weiseman, Steven R. (March 1, 2005), "Mideast Mix: New Promise of Democracy and Threat of Instability", The New York Times
- Peter Slevin, "Vice President's Daughter to Leave State Dept." The Washington Post, November 18, 2003.
- Mike Allen, "The Five (or More) W's," The Washington Post, May 13, 2004.
- Al Kamen, "A Newly Meaningful Relationship?", The Washington Post, February 14, 2005.
- Maha Akeel, "Correcting Perceptions About American Is My Job:; Liz Cheney," Arab News, November 16, 2005.
- Robin Wright, "Constitution Sparks Debate on Viability," The Washington Post, August 25, 2005.
- Weisman, Steven R. (April 15, 2006), "U.S. Program Is Directed at Altering Iran's Politics", The New York Times
- Farah, Stockman, "U.S. Unit Created to Pressure Iran, Syria, Disbanded," The Boston Globe, May 26, 2007.
- "An IRGC Unit Tasked With Monitoring Organized Cyber Crimes..." PressTV, April 11, 2009.
- Karen Hanretty, "Fred Thompson announces his Presidential Campaign," Thompson campaign press release, October 8, 2007.
- "Press Releases | Mitt Romney for President". Mittromney.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- "Mission Statement" Keep America Safe, 2009. http://www.keepamericasafe.com/?page_id=21
- "Republicans scold Liz Cheney". Politico. August 3, 2010. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- "Liz Cheney-Founded Neocon Group Quietly Scrubbed From The Internet". Think Progress. July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Bill O'Reilly (October 1, 2006). "WELCOME! Liz Cheney Joins Fox News as Contributor". Nation.foxnews.com. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
- "Fox News Terminates Liz Cheney's Contract As Paid Contributor In Light Of Senate Run". Mediaite. July 16, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
- Camina, Catalina (July 16, 2013). "Dick Cheney's daughter jumps into Wyo. Senate race". USA Today. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Liz Cheney to challenge US Senator Mike Enzi of Wyoming". FoxNews. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- Martin, Jonathan. "Liz Cheney to Challenge Senator Michael Enzi of Wyoming". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- "Trevor Brown, "Liz Cheney promises stiff opposition to President Obama"". wyomingnews.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Meyers, Jim. "Newsmax Exclusive: The 25 Influential Women of the GOP". Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Martin, Jonathan (January 6, 2014). "Liz Cheney Quits Wyoming Senate Race". The New York Times. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- Hancock, Laura (July 27, 2016). "Liz Cheney leading in GOP primary for U.S. House, over 50 percent undecided". Casper Star-Tribune. Casper, Wyoming.
- Ashley Balcerzak (26 September 2016). "Russian-born oil magnate gives big to Trump Victory". Open Secrets. The Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Liz Cheney.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Liz Cheney|
- Official website
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- 2014 Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Transcripts and videos
- Video: Elizabeth Cheney as panelist, Center for Strategic and International Studies panel participant with foreign policy experts Robin Wright of The Washington Post, Jon Alterman of CSIS, Kenneth M. Pollack of Brookings Institution[when?]
- Transcript: appearance on Fox News' No Spin Zone, interview with Bill O'Reilly, October 21, 2004
- Transcript: Foreign Press Center briefing on disbursement of MEPI funds, Manama, Bahrain, November 9, 2005
- Interview: Carnegie Endowment[when?]
- Interview: with Norah O'Donnell, MSNBC, April 23, 2009
- Transcript: debate in New York City, "Diplomacy with Iran Is Going Nowhere" sponsored by Rosenkranz Foundation and Intelligence Squared, May 12, 2009
- Keep America Safe
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority