|Lady Parr of Kendal|
|Spouse(s)||William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Kendal
Nicholas Vaux, 1st Baron Vaux of Harrowden
|Noble family||FitzHugh (by birth)
Parr (by marriage)
Vaux (by marriage)
|Father||Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron Fitzhugh of Ravensworth|
|Mother||Lady Alice Neville|
|Died||before 10 July 1507|
Elizabeth FitzHugh (1455/65 - before 10 July 1507) was an English noblewoman. She is best known for being the grandmother of Catherine Parr, sixth queen consort to Henry VIII, and her siblings Anne Herbert, Countess of Pembroke, and William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton.
Elizabeth was possibly born at the family's ancestral home, Ravensworth Castle in North Yorkshire, England. She was the daughter of Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh of Ravensworth. and his wife Lady Alice Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and Alice Montagu, 5th Countess of Salisbury suo jure, only daughter and heiress of Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury and Lady Eleanor Holland. Her paternal grandparents were William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby.
Through her grandfather, the Earl of Salisbury, she was a niece of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (known in history as "Warwick, the Kingmaker"), and grandniece of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (the mother of King Edward IV and King Richard III).
Elizabeth had nine siblings, including Lady Alice FitzHugh and Richard, 6th Baron FitzHugh (c.1456 - 20 Nov 1487) who married Elizabeth Burgh, daughter of Sir Thomas Burgh, 1st Baron Burgh of Gainsborough and his wife Margaret de Ros. Their son, George FitzHugh, inherited the barony but after his death in 1513, the barony fell in abeyance between Elizabeth and her older sister Alice. This abeyance continues today between the two families.
The current co-heirs to the barony are:
- Rachel Douglas-Home, 27th Baroness Dacre née Brand (b. 1929)
- Hon. Tessa Ogilvie Thompson née Brand (b. 1934)
- Francis Brand, 7th Viscount Hampden (b. 1970)
- William Herbert, 18th Earl of Pembroke (b. 1978)
Elizabeth is said to have had an easy-going and pleasure-loving disposition. After her husband Sir William Parr died in 1483, Elizabeth, who was possibly around twenty three at the time, was left with four small children. As a widow, Elizabeth's life revolved around the court. Elizabeth served as lady-in-waiting to Richard III's queen consort, her cousin, Anne Neville. Elizabeth would be second in a four generation span of family that would serve England's queens which started in 1483 with her mother, the redoubtable Alice Neville, Lady FitzHugh. Her granddaughter, Anne Parr would continue the tradition by becoming lady-in-waiting to all six of Henry VIII's wives. Even Anne's sister, Catherine Parr, who later became queen served in the household of the Princess Mary until she caught the eye of King Henry.
After the overthrow of the House of York, Elizabeth made a second marriage with a protégé of Margaret Beaufort, Sir Nicholas Vaux (later Baron Vaux), which is reputed to have saved the family fortunes.
Marriages and Issue
She married first William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Kendal, a man maybe twenty eight years her senior. William was a Knight of the Garter who was held high in favour with King Edward IV, who by marriage was a cousin to him. He fought with the Nevilles on the Yorkist side at the Battle of Edgecote Moor. Elizabeth did not give birth to her first child until she was aged about sixteen. Elizabeth and William had the following children:
- Anne Parr (d. 1513), who married Sir Thomas Cheney of Irthlingborough. Their daughter Elizabeth, would go on to marry Thomas Vaux, 2nd Baron Vaux of Harrowden, son of Nicholas Vaux, 1st Baron Vaux of Harrowden by his second wife, Anne Green. This Anne was sister of Maud Green, who married Anne's brother Thomas Parr (below), meaning Anne Green was both aunt and mother-in-law to Elizabeth. Thomas Vaux was himself also first married to Anne Parr's half sister (below).
- Sir Thomas Parr (c. 1483–1517), who was the eldest son, was knighted and was sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1509; he was master of the wards and comptroller to Henry VIII. He was rich, owing to his succeeding, in 1512, to half the estates of his cousin, Lord FitzHugh, and also to his marriage with Maud Green, daughter and coheiress of Sir Thomas Green of Boughton and Greens Norton in Northamptonshire. He died on 12 November 1518, and was buried in the church of the Blackfriars in London. His widow died on 1 September 1532, and was buried beside him. Of their children, Catherine Parr, queen consort of Henry VIII, and, William Parr (afterwards Marquess of Northampton) are well known; while a daughter, Anne, married William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke of the tenth creation. The current Earl of Pembroke, Earl of Montgomery, and Earl of Carnarvon are descendants of Anne and William.
- William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Horton (c. 1483–1547), the second son, was knighted on 25 October 1513, was sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1518 and 1522 and, after his niece Catherine Parr's promotion to queen consort, he became her chamberlain. On 23 December 1543 he was created Baron Parr of Horton, Northamptonshire. He died on 10 September 1547, and was buried at Horton (for his tomb, see Bridges, Northamptonshire, i. 370). By Mary, daughter of Sir William Salisbury, he left four daughters. His daughter Maud and her husband, Sir Ralph Lane, are ancestors of Albert II of Monaco. The late Princess of Wales, Lady Diana Spencer, was also a descendant of Maud and Mary Parr.
- John Parr (d. 8 September 1508), married Constance, daughter of Sir Henry Vere of Addington, Surrey. They had no issue.
- Catherine Vaux (abt 1490-c. 1571), married Sir George Throckmorton of Coughton and had issue. Their descendants include the current Queen of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth II, the Duchess of Cornwall, and the late Princess of Wales.
- Alice Vaux (d. 1543), married Sir Richard Sapcote c. 1501. They had at least one child, Anne.
- Anne Vaux, married Sir Thomas Lestrange (1493–1545) and had issue.
- Douglas Richardson. Plantagenet Ancestry, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2004. pg 562.
- Douglas Richardson. Plantagenet Ancestry, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2004. pg 144, 561.
- The Complete Peerage vol.V, pp. 428-429
- Crofts Peerage Online Baron FitzHugh Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- James, Susan. Catherine Parr: Henry VIII's Last Love. (2009), pg 15, 81.
- Metcalfe, Walter Charles, ed., Book of Knights Banneret, Knights of the Bath etc., IV Henry VI to 1660, London (1885), p. 50, at the siege of Tournai
- History of Parliament, a biographical dictionary of Members of the House of Commons
- "Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron". Retrieved 2010-09-29.
- "Alice Neville". Retrieved 2010-09-27.