Elizabeth Gould Davis

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Elizabeth Gould Davis
Born 1910
Kansas, United States
Died 1974 (aged 63–64)
Occupation Author, librarian
Nationality American
Education Master's degree in librarianship
Alma mater University of Kentucky
Period 1971
Literary movement Second-wave feminism
Notable works The First Sex

Elizabeth Gould Davis (1910–1974) was an American librarian who wrote a feminist book called The First Sex.


She was born in Kansas, United States in 1910 and earned her master's degree in librarianship at the University of Kentucky in 1951. She worked as a librarian at Sarasota, Florida and while there wrote The First Sex. She died in 1974.

She argued in The First Sex that congenital killers and criminals have two Y chromosomes,[1] that men say they don't mind women being successful but require femininity when feminine qualities work against success,[1] and that a matriarchy should replace the existing patriarchy.[2] Prof. Ginette Castro criticized Davis' position as grounded "in the purest female chauvinism."[3]



  1. ^ a b "Elizabeth Gould Davis Quotes". Quoteland. Archived from the original on 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  2. ^ Davis, Elizabeth Gould, The First Sex (N.Y.: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1971 (Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 79-150582)), p. 18 and see p. 339.
  3. ^ Castro, Ginette, trans. Elizabeth Loverde-Bagwell, American Feminism: A Contemporary History (N.Y.: N.Y. Univ. Press, 1990 (ISBN 0-8147-1448-X)), p. 36 and see pp. 26, 27, 32–36, & 42 (trans. from Radioscopie du féminisme américain (Paris, France: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1984) (French)) (author prof. Eng. lang. & culture, Univ. of Bordeaux III, France).

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