Elizabeth Hope Converse
October 27, 1909
|Died||March 15, 1993(aged 83)|
|Patron(s)||Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art|
Delaware Art Museum.
Elizabeth Layton (October 27, 1909 – March 15, 1993), also called "Grandma" Layton, was an American artist.
Early life and education
Elizabeth Hope Converse was born in Wellsville, Kansas in 1909. Her father Asa Finch Converse was a newspaper publisher, and her mother May Frink Converse wrote a weekly column for the newspaper. May Converse was named the Poet Laureate of Kansas in 1928. Elizabeth left college to marry her first husband, Clyde Nichols.
Elizabeth Converse Nichols assisted her widowed mother as editor of the Wellsville Globe, from 1942 to 1957. Layton became an artist in her sixties, when she took a drawing class at Ottawa University in 1977. Layton credited this new pursuit with curing her depression and comforting her grief over her son's death in 1976. Her works are often self-portraits, detailed pencil line drawings, sometimes humorous, with references to political issues such as women's rights and the threat to defund the National Endowment for the Arts over controversial art. She exhibited her drawings first in Kansas, and later throughout the US. Collections of her work are also displayed in the Spencer Museum of Art and Lawrence Arts Center in Lawrence, Kansas, as well as at the Mulvane Art Museum in Topeka, Kansas.
In 1992, shortly before she died, Layton was the focus of shows at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art and the Delaware Art Museum. In 2001, Layton was the only American artist featured in an exhibit of naive art at the Musée d'Art Brut & Art Singulier in Paris.
Layton did not sell her works, despite demand, but she did donate them for causes that interested her.
In 1980, Elizabeth Layton was chosen as a "Governor's Artist," a statewide honor in Kansas. Earlier in 1980, Layton received first place out of 600 entries from the four states comprising the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri, Mid-Four Annual Juried show. Layton was named "Distinguished Kansan of the Year" by the Native Sons and Daughters of Kansas in 1989. In 1990 she received a Women's Caucus for Art Lifetime Achievement Award.
Personal life and legacy
Elizabeth Layton was married twice and divorced once; she raised five children. She experienced depression for much of her life, leading to some psychiatric hospitalizations and multiple rounds of electroconvulsive therapy.
Layton died in 1993, age 85, after a stroke. She was survived by her second husband, Glenn F. Layton Sr. Her works may be found in the collections at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Mulvane Art Museum, and the Lawrence Arts Center, among other institutions.
The Elizabeth Layton Center for Hope and Guidance is a mental health clinic in Kansas, named in the artist's memory.
- "Frink, May (later Converse)". franklincokshistory.org. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- John Hanna, "Drawings from Kansas Artist Opens in Paris," Salina Journal (August 29, 2001): 32. via Newspapers.com
- "Converse, Asa Finch". franklincokshistory.org. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Matt Truell, "Grandma Layton's Work Showcased," Salina Journal (December 1, 1995): 24. via Newspapers.com
- Victoria Donohoe, "Woman Cured Depression by Taking Up Art," Philadelphia Inquirer (July 26, 1992).
- "'Grandma' Responds to Art Furor," Salina Journal (September 20, 1989): 3. via Newspapers.com
- "Grandma Layton's Art To Be Exhibited," Salina Journal (March 25, 1985): 18. via Newspapers.com
- "Layton Drawings on Display," Salina Journal (June 13, 1985): 22. via Newspapers.com
- Susan V. Craig, "Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (active before 1945): Revised and Expanded Edition." (July, 2009): 218
- Edward J. Sozanski, "Grandma Layton's Work Finds the Good in the Ugly Side of Life," Philadelphia Inquirer (August 6, 1992).
- "Drawing on Emotion: 'Grandma' Layton Lets Work Express Her Views about Life," Salina Journal (October 8, 1990): 1, 7. via Newspapers.com
- Phyllis Springer, "Layton Work Reflects U. S. Mood," Lawrence Journal-World (November 4, 2001).
- "Elizabeth "Grandma" Layton", in Kristin G. Congdon and Kara Kelley Hallmark, eds., American Folk Art: A Regional Reference (ABC-Clio 2012): 417-419. ISBN 0313349363
- "'Governor's Artists' Tour to Open," Salina Journal (January 18, 1989): 22. via Newspapers.com
- Kansas Historical Society, "Elizabeth Layton," Kansapedia.
- "WCA Past Honorees". nationalwca.org. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Don Lambert, The Life and Art of Elizabeth "Grandma" Layton (Don Lambert 1995). ISBN 1567961169
- Alexandra Mezey, "Grandma Layton's Drawings Don't Just Reflect a Big Talent--They've Cured Her 40-year Depression," People 25(8)(February 24, 1986).
- George B. Pyle, "The Old and Sad Need an Art Transplant," Salina Journal March 31, 1993): 4. via Newspapers.com
- Mason King, "Noted Local Artist Grandma Layton Dies," Lawrence Journal-World (March 14, 1993): 3A, 11A.
- "Elizabeth Layton / American Art". si.edu. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- "Elizabeth Layton Center". laytoncenter.org. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- What's So Special About Elizabeth "Grandma" Layton?, a video by the Topeka Library, demonstrating blind contour drawing.
- Don Lambert, Lynn Bretz, and Suzanne Burdick, Through the Looking Glass: Drawings by Elizabeth Layton (Mid-America Arts Alliance 1984; exhibition catalog).