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Elizabeth Mertz is a linguistic and legal anthropologist who is also a law professor at the University of Wisconsin Law School, where she teaches family law courses. She has been on the research faculty of the American Bar Foundation since 1989. She has a PhD in Anthropology from Duke University (where she studied with Virginia R. Domínguez and William O'Barr) and a JD from Northwestern University (where she was the John Paul Stevens scholar and a Wigmore Scholar). Her early research focused on language, identity and politics in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, and her dissertation dealt with language shift in Cape Breton Scottish Gaelic, drawing on semiotic anthropology. Her later research examines the language of U.S. legal education in detail using linguistic anthropological approaches (see her book The Language of Law School). She writes on semiotics, anthropology, and law, among other topics. She has been editor of Law & Social Inquiry  and of PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review.
She is the daughter of the late Barbara Mertz.
- 2007. The Language of Law School: Learning to 'Think Like a Lawyer (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
- 2007. [Macaulay, Friedman, & Mertz]Law In Action: A Socio-Legal Reader (New York: Foundation Press).
- 2002. [Greenhouse, Mertz, & Warren, eds.] Ethnography in Unstable Places: Everyday Lives in Contexts of Dramatic Political Change (Durham, NC: Duke University Press).
- 1992. "Language, law and social meanings: linguistic anthropological contributions to the study of law." Law & Society Review 26(2):413-445.
- 1985. [Mertz & Parmentier]Semiotic Mediation: Sociocultural and Psychological Perspectives (Orlando, FL: Academic Press).
- Elizabeth Mertz. 'Sociolinguistic creativity: Cape Breton Gaelic's linguistic tip' in Investigating Obsolescence: Studies in Language Contraction and Death, ed. Nancy Dorian (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1989), pp. 103-116.
- Elizabeth Mertz. The Language of Law School: Learning to 'Think Like a Lawyer' (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2007)
- Susan Hirsch, "Making Culture Visible: Comments on Elizabeth Mertz's Teaching Lawyers the Language of Law," John Marshall Law Review34:119 (2000)
- Hadi Nicholas Deeb, Review of The Language of Law School by Elizabeth Mertz, in American Ethnologist37:611-613 (2010)
- Elizabeth Mertz. "Editor's Introductions." Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 19(4)(1994)(with L. Frohmann); Vol. 21(3)(1996)(with C. Heimer);Vol. 23(2)(4)(1998); Vol. 24(4)(1999)(with K.Kinsey); Vol. 25(2)(2000);Vol. 27(3)(2002)
- Elizabeth Mertz. "Editor's Introductions." PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, Vol. 31(1)(2) (2008); Vol. 32 (1)(2)(2009); Vol. 33(1)(S1)(2)(2010); Vol. 34(1)(2011)(Bureaucracy Symposium Introduction)