Elizabeth Murray (artist)
Wiggle Manhattan, lithograph, 1992, Museum of Modern Art
September 6, 1940|
|Died||August 12, 2007(aged 66)|
|Education||School of the Art Institute of Chicago
|Known for||Painting, printmaking|
|Notable work||Do the Dance, Children Meeting, Painters' Progress, Careless Love, Blooming|
|Spouse(s)||Bob Holman (?–2007; her death)|
|Awards||MacArthur Foundation Grant, Larry Aldrich Prize|
Elizabeth Murray (September 6, 1940 – August 12, 2007) was an American painter, printmaker and draughtsman. Her works are in many major public collections, including those of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Carnegie Museum of Art, and the Wadsworth Atheneum.
Life and work
Elizabeth Murray was born in Chicago, Illinois, United States to Irish-Catholic parents. Her father was a lawyer and her mother aspired to be a commercial artist. She encouraged her daughter to paint and with the help of her high school art teacher Murray entered the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1958 and graduated with a BFA in 1962. She earned her Master of Fine Arts degree from Mills College in 1964. As a student, she was influenced by painters ranging from Cézanne to Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns.
In 1967, Murray moved to New York City, and first exhibited in 1971 in the Whitney Museum of American Art Annual Exhibition. One of her first mature works included "Children Meeting," 1978 (now in the permanent collection of the Whitney Museum), an oil on canvas painting evoking human characteristics, personalities, or pure feeling through an interaction of non-figurative shapes, colour and lines. She is particularly noted for her shaped canvas paintings.
She was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1998. In 1999, Murray was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. This grant led directly to opening of the Bowery Poetry Club, a Lower East Side performance arts venue run by her husband, Bob Holman.
In 2006, her 40-year career was honored at New York City's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). The retrospective was widely praised, with The New York Times noting that by the end of the exhibition, "You're left with the sense of an artist in the flush of her authority and still digging deep." As of 2008[update], Murray was only one of five female artists to have had a retrospective at the MoMA—the other four are Louise Bourgeois (in 1982), Lee Krasner (in 1984), Helen Frankenthaler (in 1989), and Lee Bontecou (in 2004).
In 2007, Murray died of lung cancer. In her obituary, The New York Times wrote that Murray "reshaped Modernist abstraction into a high-spirited, cartoon-based, language of form whose subjects included domestic life, relationships and the nature of painting itself..." The Bowery Poetry Club held a Praise Day in her honor on August 30, 2007, with artists Brice Marden and Joel Shapiro, writers Jessica Hagedorn and Patricia Spears Jones, and choreographers Elizabeth Streb and Yoshiko Chuma among the attendees; Artforum described the event as "a blend of the poignant and the comic that threatened to bring it closer to a Saturday Night Live skit shredding avant-garde performance practice than an actual art-world remembrance."  A second private memorial was held at the Museum of Modern Art later that fall. Murray was survived by her husband, Bob Holman, and three children: daughters Sophia Murray Holman and Daisy Murray Holman, and son Dakota Sunseri.
Art and feminism
"Murray’s curatorial gesture would seem to have constituted a partial change of heart from her . . . previously self-contained feminism. It is important, though that her strategy for convincing was exhibiting––bringing images out of the shadows . . . As with the Abstract Expressionist record, so with MoMA, where far more works by women sit in storage than are on display." - 
After Murray's death, the A G Foundation, Columbia University, and the Archives of American Art established the “Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project,” to honor her memory. "It seems so right to honor Elizabeth Murray by archiving the lives, the thoughts, the dreams and goals of other women who—like herself—persisted in the visual arts, extending and enriching the world through their work," said the A G Foundation's Agnes Gund.
- Smith, Roberta. "Elizabeth Murray, 66, Artist of Vivid Forms, Dies", The New York Times, 13 August 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- The Collection: Elizabeth Murray (American, 1940–2007), moma.org
- "Whitney Museum of American Art: Elizabeth Murray: Children Meeting". collection.whitney.org. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Elizabeth Murray - American Abstract Painter, 1940-2007, artcyclopedia.com
- Heartney, Eleanor; Nochlin, Linda (2013). After the revolution: women who transformed contemporary art. Munich; London; New York: Prestel. ISBN 9783791347554.
- mills.edu Notable Graduates, Mills College, Mills.edu
- Grove Dictionary of Art, Macmillan Publishers, 1996, ISBN 1-884446-00-0
- Kimmelman, Michael (October 21, 2005) New York Times "ART REVIEW; Stirring Up a Commotion on Canvas" October 21, 2005
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter M" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- 1999 MacArthur Foundation Awards, infoplease.com
- Aptowicz, Cristin O'Keefe. (2008). Words in Your Face: A Guided Tour Through Twenty Years of the New York City Poetry Slam. "CHAPTER 26: What the Heck Is Going On Here; The Bowery Poetry Club Opens (Kinda) for Business." Soft Skull Press. ISBN 1-933368-82-9.
- Exhibition: Elizabeth Murray, October 23, 2005–January 6, 2006, MoMA
- New York Times "A Visit With the Modern's First Grandmother" By CAROL KINO. Published: October 2, 2005.
- Remembering Murray, ARTFORUM, August 30, 2007.
- "Film Forum · EVERYBODY KNOWS… ELIZABETH MURRAY-with-THE 100 YEARS SHOW". Filmforum.org. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
- "Everybody Knows . . . Elizabeth Murray Premieres at Tribeca: A Talk With Director Kristi Zea". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
- Robert Storr, Elizabeth Murray NY: Museum of Modern Art, 2005 pg 18
- "Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Elizabeth Murray; Francine Prose; PaceWildenstein (Firm) Elizabeth Murray: paintings 1999-2003: March 7-April 19, 2003 (New York, N.Y.: PaceWildenstein, 2003) ISBN 1-930743-24-6
- Robert Storr; Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) Elizabeth Murray (New York: Museum of Modern Art; London: Thames & Hudson [distributor], 2005) ISBN 0-87070-493-1
- Elizabeth Murray: Drawings, 1980-1986 (exhibition catalogue, Pittsburgh, PA, Carnegie-Mellon U.A.G. 1986)
- Elizabeth Murray: Paintings and Drawings (exhibition catalogue, Dallas, TX, Museum A, and elsewhere, 1987)
- Heartney, Eleanor; Posner, Helaine; Princenthal, Nancy; Scott, Sue (2013). After the Revolution: Women Who Transformed Contemporary Art. Prestel Publishing Ltd. pp. 84–105. ISBN 978-3-7913-4755-4.
- The Estate of Elizabeth Murray
- Biography, interviews, essays, artwork images and video clips from PBS series Art:21 -- Art in the Twenty-First Century - Season 2 (2003).
- Askart.com page on Elizabeth Murray, with COLOR IMAGES
- MTA Arts for Transit page on Elizabeth Murray's large-scale glass mosaic mural, Blooming, 1996
- MTA Arts for Transit page on Elizabeth Murray's large-scale glass mosaic mural, Stream, 2001
- Interview with Elizabeth Murray, Greg Masters
- Audio recording of lecture by Elizabeth Murray, January 24, 1981, from Maryland Institute College of Art's Decker Library, Internet Archive