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The Countess of Longford
|Born||30 August 1906|
Marylebone, London, England
|Died||23 October 2002 (aged 96)|
Hurst Green, East Sussex, England
|Spouse(s)||Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford|
Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford Royal Society of Literature and was on the board of trustees of the National Portrait Gallery in London. She is best known as a historian, especially for her biographies of 19th-century aristocrats such as Queen Victoria (1964), Lord Byron (1976) and the Duke of Wellington (1969).(née Harman; 30 August 1906 – 23 October 2002), better known as Elizabeth Longford, was a British historian. She was a member of the
Elizabeth Harman was born on 30 August 1906 at 108 Harley Street in Marylebone, London. The daughter of eye specialist Nathaniel Bishop Harman, she was educated at the Francis Holland School, and was an undergraduate at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. "Able, articulate and beautiful", in the words of The New York Times, she was "the Zuleika Dobson of her day, with undergraduates and even dons tumbling over one another to fall in love with her". A few years after her graduation, on 3 November 1931, she married Frank Pakenham, later 7th Earl of Longford, who died in August 2001. Her obituary by the BBC said the marriage was "famously harmonious." The New York Times, in its review of The Pebbled Shore, called Lady Longford "easily the best writer in what is predominantly a literary family".
She and her husband were both devout Roman Catholic converts, Lady Longford having been raised a Unitarian, and avid social reformers. The Longfords had eight children, among them the writers Lady Antonia Fraser, Lady Rachel Billington, Judith Kazantzis, and Thomas Pakenham. Her brother, John B. Harman, was a physician; his daughter is Labour politician Harriet Harman. Lady Longford was a great-niece of the politician Joseph Chamberlain and a first cousin once removed of the British prime minister Neville Chamberlain.
She made several unsuccessful attempts to win election to the House of Commons as a Labour MP. In 1935 she contested Cheltenham, which was a safely Conservative seat, and in 1950 she was defeated by Quintin Hogg at Oxford. Through the war she had sought selection at Birmingham King's Norton until she felt compelled to cease her candidacy upon her sixth pregnancy in 1944; the seat was a Labour gain in 1945 by 12,000 votes.
- Victoria R.I. (1964) Awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize
- Wellington: The Years of the Sword (1969) and Wellington: Pillar Of The State (1972), a two-volume biography of the first Duke of Wellington, who numbered among her husband's relatives.
- The Royal House of Windsor (1974)
- Winston Churchill (1974)
- Byron's Greece. New York: Harper and Row. 1975. ISBN 978-0-06-012673-5. OCLC 1028866749.
- Byron (1976)
- A Pilgrimage of Passion: The Life of Wilfrid Scawen Blunt (1979) (I.B. Tauris, re-issued 2007)
- Eminent Victorian Women. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. 1981. ISBN 978-0-297-77985-8. OCLC 1033562084.
- Jameson's Raid (1982)
- Elizabeth R: A Biography (1983)
- The Pebbled Shore: The Memoirs of Elizabeth Longford. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. 1986. ISBN 978-0-297-78863-8. OCLC 1036768821.
- Royal Throne: The Future of the Monarchy. London: Hodder & Stoughton. 1993. ISBN 978-0-340-58587-0. OCLC 1036847832.
- Queen Victoria. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing. 1999. ISBN 978-0-7509-2143-5. OCLC 1245768856.
- Johnson, Paul. "Pakenham [née Harman], Elizabeth, countess of Longford". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/77341. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Howard, Anthony (26 October 1986). "A Life Of Her Own". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Makower 1997, p. 47–48.
- Grove, Valerie (24 October 2002). "Lady Elizabeth Longford". The Guardian. ISSN 1756-3224. OCLC 60623878. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- Makower, Frances (1997). Elizabeth Longford: The Authorised Biography. London, England: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 978-0-340-64311-2. OCLC 1148939207.