Elizabeth Street, Melbourne
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Elizabeth Street is one of the main streets in the central business district of Melbourne, Australia, part of the Hoddle Grid laid out in 1837. It is presumed to have been named in honour of governor Richard Bourke's wife.
From the south, the street runs from Flinders Street Station past the western end of the Bourke Street Mall, with the Queen Victoria Market to the west at the northern end of the CBD. The street terminates in a large, complex roundabout at the northern end, which connects to Peel Street to the south-west, Flemington Road to the north-west, Royal Parade the beginning of the Hume Highway, the main route to Sydney to the north, and Grattan Street to the East. This complex, high-traffic roundabout (known as the Haymarket roundabout) is further complicated by trams travelling through it on routes 19, 55 and 59.
Elizabeth Street is the lowest point in the Melbourne central business district, with land rising both to the east and west, and more gradually to the north. Since it is built on top of the historical site of a natural creek, it has suffered numerous floods in Melbourne's history. The Elizabeth Street drain runs from Carlton in the north to the Yarra River in the south, carrying stormwater from the inner northern suburbs and city centre. This drain is a significant source of pollutants entering the lower Yarra.
Positioned on a natural watercourse, Elizabeth Street has channeled flood waters during flash flooding south towards the Yarra River, in 1882, 1972 and more recently 2010 during the 2010 Victorian storms.
As well as Flinders Street Station at the southern end, the western exit of Melbourne Central railway station is located at the intersection of Latrobe and Elizabeth Streets. A number of tram services run along the street, including route 19 trams to Coburg North, route 59 trams to Airport West and route 57 trams to West Maribyrnong.
As might be expected, there are a large number of retail shops on Elizabeth Street. As well as the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, Elizabeth Street is home to a number of photography retailers, and a considerable number of motorbike dealers. The street has been the home of motorbike retailing in inner Melbourne since 1903, the longest-existing such area in the world.
St Francis Church
- The Royal Historical Society of Victoria: "Melbourne’s streets and lanes: what’s in a name?", brochure published 2004 or later, retrieved 4 April 2013
Media related to Elizabeth Street at Wikimedia Commons
- Elizabeth Street in flood, 1882 State Library Victoria, accessed 23 March 2015.
- Elizabeth Street in flood, 1862 State Library Victoria, accessed 23 March 2015.
- Elizabeth Street flood, 1972