Elizabeth Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave

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Lady Elizabeth and her mother, Maria Walpole, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1761 - a mezzotint of the same subject in a similar style by J. Smith is held in the National Portrait Gallery.

Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave (25 March 1760 – 29 January 1816), was a British noblewoman, courtier and society beauty. She served at court as a Lady of the Bedchamber to Charlotte, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of King George III.[1][2][3] She married her cousin, George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave in 1782.[4]

Family[edit]

Lady Elizabeth Laura was born on 25 March 1760,[5] the eldest daughter of statesman James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave and Maria Walpole, the illegitimate child of Sir Edward Walpole by his mistress, Dorothy Clement. She had two younger sisters, Lady Charlotte Maria, later wife of the 4th Duke of Grafton, and Lady Anna Horatia, who would marry Lord Hugh Seymour.

When Elizabeth was three years of age, her father died of smallpox. As he had no sons, the title Earl Waldegrave passed to his brother, John. Elizabeth and her sisters subsequently took up residence with their mother at Ragman's Castle, a house in Twickenham. On 6 September 1766, her mother married secondly, and in secret, Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, a member of the British Royal Family as the younger brother of King George III.[6] It was this marriage, made without the King's consent, which had led to the passing of the Royal Marriages Act in 1772. Elizabeth acquired three half-siblings, Princess Sophia, Princess Carolina (1774–1775), and Prince William Frederick by her mother's second marriage to the Royal duke. She and her sisters then lived at Windsor Castle and Sophia Lodge in Clewer, both in Berkshire.

Countess of Waldegrave[edit]

Elizabeth, Countess Waldegrave and her son John, 1790

Lady Elizabeth's mother commissioned Joshua Reynolds to paint The Ladies Waldegrave, a group portrait of Elizabeth and her two full-sisters, in the hopes of attracting suitors for them. Elizabeth's miniature was painted by Samuel Shelley, and John Hoppner did a half-length portrait of her.[7] The year after Reynolds' painting was exhibited at the Royal Academy, Lady Elizabeth married her cousin, George Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton on 5 May 1782 at Gloucester House, Grosvenor Square, Piccadilly, London. She was 22 years old. The Viscount served as a Colonel of the 87th Regiment of Foot. On 22 October 1784, he succeeded as 4th Earl Waldegrave and henceforth she was styled Countess Waldegrave. In the years following her marriage, Elizabeth gave birth to five children:

Later life[edit]

She went to court on an unrecorded date where she served Charlotte, Princess Royal as a Lady of the Bedchamber. When George III was incapacitated by mental illness in 1788 and 1789, she was one of the ladies who remained at the side of Queen Charlotte offering her loyal support. Novelist Fanny Burney refers to Elizabeth, Countess Waldegrave in her diary.[8]

Elizabeth became a widow on 22 October 1789, at the age of twenty-nine. Her eldest son, George, succeeded his father as Earl Waldegrave. The boy drowned five years later while swimming in the River Thames near Eton,[9] and the title then passed to his younger brother, John. Elizabeth lost another son, Edward, when he was drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of Falmouth as he was sailing home from Spain in 1809. He had served as a lieutenant in the 7th Regiment Dragoons.[10]

She died at the Gothic villa of Strawberry Hill in Twickenham (which had been inherited by her son the 6th Earl in 1797), on 29 January 1816 at the age of 55 and was buried beside her husband in Great Packington.[11]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Women of History- W, www.abitofhistory.net
  2. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 58. p.827. Google Books, retrieved 22-10-10
  3. ^ According to one of the letters of Mrs. Patrick Delany, Elizabeth attended the two eldest princesses, Charlotte and Augusta. Letters from Mrs. Delany (widow of Doctor Patrick Delany) to Mrs. Frances Hamilton from the year 1779 to the year 1788. comprising many unpublished and interesting anecdotes of their late royal majesties and the royal family: now first printed from the original manuscripts, published by The Library of University of California Los Angeles. p.32. Google Books, retrieved 21 October 2010
  4. ^ Burke, John (1832). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, Volume 11. London. p.580
  5. ^ Weir, Alison (1999), British Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy. The Bodley Head, London. p.279
  6. ^ David Nash Ford, Royal Berkshire History, Maria Walpole, retrieved 21 October 2010
  7. ^ Women of History-W
  8. ^ Women of History-W
  9. ^ Collins, Arthur (1812). Peerage of England. London. p.248. Google Books, retrieved 21 October 2010
  10. ^ Collins, pp. 247-48
  11. ^ Women of History-W

External links[edit]