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Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Bacteroidetes
Class: Flavobacteria
Order: Flavobacteriales
Family: Flavobacteriaceae
Genus: Elizabethkingia
Kim et al., 2005

Elizabethkingia is a genus of bacteria described in 2005, named after Elizabeth O. King, the discoverer of the type species.[1] A 2014 study revealed that Elizabethkingia is an emerging bacterial pathogen for hospital environments, with its incidence in intensive care units rising since 2004. It possesses genes conferring antibiotic resistance and virulence. Combined with a lack of effective therapeutic regimens, this leads to high mortality rates.[2]

The genus includes four species:


  1. ^ Kim KK, Kim MK, Lim JH, Park HY, Lee ST (2005). "Transfer of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Chryseobacterium miricola to Elizabethkingia gen. nov. as Elizabethkingia meningoseptica comb. nov. and Elizabethkingia miricola comb. nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (Pt 3): 1287–93. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63541-0. PMID 15879269. 
  2. ^ Teo J, Tan SY, Liu Y, Tay M, Ding Y, Li Y, Kjelleberg S, Givskov M, Lin RT, Yang L (2014). "Comparative Genomic Analysis of Malaria Mosquito Vector-Associated Novel Pathogen Elizabethkingia anophelis". Genome Biology and Evolution. 6 (5): 1158–65. doi:10.1093/gbe/evu094. PMC 4041001Freely accessible. PMID 24803570. 
  3. ^ Kämpfer P, Matthews H, Glaeser SP, Martin K, Lodders N, Faye I (2011). "Elizabethkingia anophelis sp. nov., isolated from the midgut of the mosquito Anopheles gambiae". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 61 (Pt 11): 2670–5. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.026393-0. PMID 21169462. 
  4. ^ Wisconsin Department of Health Services: "Wisconsin 2016 Elizabethkingia anophelis outbreak", March 11, 2016
  5. ^ Perrin A, Larsonneur E, Nicholson AC, Edwards DJ, Gundlach KM, Whitney AM, Gulvik CA, Bell ME, Rendueles O, Cury J, Hugon P, Clermont D, Enouf V, Loparev V, Juieng P, Monson T, Warshauer D, Elbadawi LI, Walters MS, Crist MB, Noble-Wang J, Borlaug G, Rocha EP, Criscuolo A, Touchon M, Davis JP, Holt KE, McQuiston JR, Brisse S (2017). "Evolutionary dynamics and genomic features of the Elizabethkingia anophelis 2015 to 2016 Wisconsin outbreak strain". Nat Commun. 8: 15483. doi:10.1038/ncomms15483. PMC 5458099Freely accessible. PMID 28537263. 
  6. ^ Kämpfer P, Busse HJ, McInroy JA, Glaeser SP (2015). "Elizabethkingia endophytica sp. nov., isolated from Zea mays and emended description of Elizabethkingia anophelis Kämpfer et al. 2011". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 65 (7): 2187–93. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000236. PMID 25858248. 
  7. ^ King EO (1959). "Studies on a group of previously unclassified bacteria associated with meningitis in infants". American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 31 (3): 241–7. doi:10.1093/ajcp/31.3.241. PMID 13637033. 
  8. ^ Li Y, Kawamura Y, Fujiwara N, Naka T, Liu H, Huang X, Kobayashi K, Ezaki T (2003). "Chryseobacterium miricola sp. nov., a novel species isolated from condensation water of space station Mir". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 26 (4): 523–8. doi:10.1078/072320203770865828. PMID 14666980.