Elk Lake (Michigan)
|Location||Antrim / Grand Traverse counties, Michigan, US|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Max. depth||192 ft (59 m)|
|Surface elevation||587 feet (179 m)|
Elk Lake is located in Antrim and Grand Traverse counties in Northern Michigan. The lake is about a mile and a half wide (2.4 km) and nine miles (14 km) long, and is centered at near the town of Elk Rapids. It has maximum depth of 192 ft (59 m), making it Michigan's second deepest after Torch Lake. It is a popular lake for fishing, featuring lake trout, rock bass, yellow perch, smallmouth bass, muskellunge, ciscoes, brown trout, rainbow trout, and whitefish.
This deep, clear, caribbean-colored lake is very much a smaller version of the more famous Torch Lake, which lies just to the east. Elk Lake is part of a watershed that begins in northern Antrim County with Intermediate Lake, which is connected by the Intermediate River with Lake Bellaire. The Grass River flows from Lake Bellaire into Clam Lake, which in turn drains into Torch Lake via the short Clam River. Torch Lake is drained by the Torch River, which flows into Lake Skegemog, which opens into Elk Lake. Elk Lake flows through Elk River into the east arm of Grand Traverse Bay at Elk Rapids. This watershed is popularly known as the Chain of Lakes.
Nearby is a sign marking the 45th parallel north, halfway between the North Pole and the Equator. This is one of six Michigan sites and 29 places in the U.S.A. where such signs are known to exist.
Wabigama is a private colony situated on the eastern bank of Elk Lake in Rapid City, Michigan. It was founded in 1924 by Lester Dragstedt and other University of Chicago professors. Founding members were leaders with a common interest in academic and applied research including (among others) medicine, physiology, and sociology. Friends comprised the remaining members.
The club has offered anonymity from the local community, refuge from their public life and some of the few remaining wilderness areas on private land. The club's land tract was surrounded by rural life until the late 1970s when commercial interests started encroaching. The camp is located less than five miles (8 km) from one of Northern Michigan's best-known vacation areas, on the south end of Torch Lake.
Membership is closed and has been passed through family lines for three generations. Some the better-known members include Arno B. Luckhardt (MD,PhD Physiology), John Crout (chemical engineer), Carl Dragstedt (M.D.), and Louis Leon and Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (and continued by two of their sons, Fredrick L. and Robert L. Thurstone. The camp is mentioned in Edwin G. Boring's A History of psychology in autobiography and in the obituaries of various individuals involved with the colony.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Elk Lake (Michigan)
- Photographs, Cairn Highway 45th Parallel signs.
- List and map of 45th Parallel markers, with links to pictures (accessed 17 December 2007).
- Biographical Memoirs, Volume 51 National Academy of Sciences page 63
- "For many years we have spent long vacations in a summer colony, Wabigama, ... Outside of my own connection at the University, the associations in Wabigama ..." Edwin G. Boring A History of psychology in autobiography Page 321 1967
- Google Books sources