Elkhart, Texas

Coordinates: 31°37′42″N 95°34′43″W / 31.62833°N 95.57861°W / 31.62833; -95.57861
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Elkhart, Texas
Downtown Elkhart
Downtown Elkhart
Location of Elkhart, Texas
Location of Elkhart, Texas
Coordinates: 31°37′42″N 95°34′43″W / 31.62833°N 95.57861°W / 31.62833; -95.57861
CountryUnited States
 • TypeType A Mayor & Council
 • MayorJennifer McCoy
 • Total1.54 sq mi (3.99 km2)
 • Land1.54 sq mi (3.99 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
384 ft (117 m)
 • Total1,287
 • Density843.4/sq mi (325.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code903
FIPS code48-23140[2]
GNIS feature ID1373620[3]

Elkhart is a town the U.S. state of Texas, in Anderson County. Named for a friendly Native American who assisted the early settlers of the area,[4] Elkhart's population was 1,287 at the 2020 U.S. census.[5]


The history of Elkhart starts with Daniel Parker's Pilgrim Predestinarian Baptist Church. It was formed in Crawford County, Illinois in 1833, because the government of Mexico would not allow the Baptist church's organization within their borders. Daniel, and his father John Parker, led their congregation to Texas, settling in Austin's Colony in 1834. While John Parker's group settled and established Fort Parker (Limestone County), Daniel's group settled first in the territory that became Grimes County and later moved to the area around Fort Houston (Anderson County). Daniel Parker spent his time traveling and preaching in the homes of his scattered congregation. In 1836, the threats of General Santa Anna's troops in April 1836, and the attack of Fort Parker in May 1836 sent the remnant of John Parker's group to seek protection near Fort Houston. The Pilgrim Church resumed meetings in February 1837, and resolved in 1839 to build a church house, selecting 2.5 acres "on the north side of the bluff of the Harrison Fork of Bayou Blue near Daniel Parker's house". They constructed a log house and cleared a burial ground where Daniel Parker was buried in 1844.[6] The church, now called Old Pilgrim Church, which has been replaced several times since the first log house, was the center of the community called Parker's Settlement, or just Pilgrim.[7][8]

About the same time Parker's followers were getting established, the first Methodist sermon was given by Rev. William Stevenson, whose members built their church about 1840, one mile west of Pilgrim Baptist Church.

The community was granted a post office in March 1850, named Elkheart (later changed to Elkhart) which was located four miles south of Elkhart's current position, and named for a Native who had helped the early settlers.[4]

As the Houston to Palestine rail was being finished in 1872, Elkhart shifted north to the train depot, and thus began to be considered the "railroad village" associated with the Parker settlement.[9][10]


Elkhart is located in southern Anderson County at 31°37′42″N 95°34′43″W / 31.62833°N 95.57861°W / 31.62833; -95.57861 (31.628429, –95.578588).[11] U.S. Route 287 passes through the town, leading north 10 miles (16 km) to Palestine, the county seat, 12 miles (19 km) south to Grapeland, and 25 miles (40 km) south to Crockett, the seat of Houston County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all land.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Elkhart racial composition as of 2020[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 969 75.29%
Black or African American (NH) 125 9.71%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 5 0.39%
Asian (NH) 6 0.47%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.16%
Some Other Race (NH) 9 0.7%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 44 3.42%
Hispanic or Latino 127 9.87%
Total 1,287

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,287 people, 453 households, and 316 families residing in the town.

At the census of 2000,[2] there were 1,215 people, 473 households, and 321 families residing in the town. The population density was 783.0 inhabitants per square mile (302.3/km2). There were 532 housing units at an average density of 342.8 per square mile (132.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.05% White, 8.15% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.82% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.05% of the population. In 2020, its population was 1,287.[5] Among the population in 2020, its racial and ethnic makeup remained predominantly non-Hispanic white, though Black or African Americans were the second largest group.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,927, and the median income for a family was $33,977 in 2000. Males had a median income of $27,841 versus $21,705 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,809. About 12.9% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 32.5% of those age 65 or over. In 2020, its median household income was $37,159,[16] and 19.9% of its population lived at or below the poverty line.[17]


The town of Elkhart is served by the Elkhart Independent School District.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b Bridges, Dorothy K. "Elkhart, TX". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  5. ^ a b "2020 Race and Population Totals". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-13.
  6. ^ Hohes, Pauline Buck (1936). A centennial history of Anderson County, Texas. San Antonio, Tex.: Naylor Co. pp. 91, 237.
  7. ^ Hesler, Samuel B. "Pilgrim Primitive Baptist Church". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  8. ^ Hesler, Samuel B. "Parker, Daniel (1781–1844)". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  9. ^ A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company. 1893. p. 287. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-09-28.
  10. ^ "Texas Railroad History - Tower 173 - Palestine". Texas Railroad History. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  14. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Census.gov". Census.gov.
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  16. ^ "2020 Annual Income Estimates". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  17. ^ "2020 Poverty Statistics". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External links[edit]