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|Unincorporated community and census-designated place|
Population sign on Dolan Road
|• State Senator||Bill Monning (D)|
|• Assemblymember||Mark Stone (D)|
|• U. S. Rep.||Jimmy Panetta (D)|
|• Total||4.830 sq mi (12.510 km2)|
|• Land||4.808 sq mi (12.452 km2)|
|• Water||0.022 sq mi (0.058 km2) 0.47%|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||320/sq mi (130/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||277507, 2408075|
Elkhorn was a stop on the Southern Pacific Railroad 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Prunedale, at an elevation of 10 feet (3 m). The population of Elkhorn was 1,565 at the 2010 census, down from 1,591 at the 2000 census. Elkhorn was named after the elk in the area that have since gone extinct. Because Elkhorn is not incorporated, not all residents call the place they live Elkhorn. Some residents refer to Elkhorn as Castroville, Prunedale, Watsonville, or Salinas on mailed documents because Elkhorn shares ZIP codes with them. Other residents refer to Elkhorn as north Monterey County of which Elkhorn is a part. The Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve, located in the area, promotes education about and preservation of the largest tidal salt marsh outside of San Francisco Bay, Elkhorn Slough.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), of which, 4.8 square miles (12 km2) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) of it (0.47%) is water.
Main county roads include: Castroville Boulevard, Dolan Road, Elkhorn Road, and Meridian Road. Castroville Boulevard provides access to Highway 156. Dolan Road provides access to Highway 1. Minor county roads include: Del Monte Farms, Bayview Road, Walker Valley Road, Long Valley Road, Amaral Road, Paradise Canyon Road.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Elkhorn had a population of 1,565. The population density was 324.0 people per square mile (125.1/km²). The racial makeup of Elkhorn was 1,122 (71.7%) White, 9 (0.6%) African American, 7 (0.4%) Native American, 63 (4.0%) Asian, 3 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 286 (18.3%) from other races, and 75 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 588 persons (37.6%).
The Census reported that 1,565 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 532 households, out of which 183 (34.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 329 (61.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 58 (10.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 27 (5.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 33 (6.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 95 households (17.9%) were made up of individuals and 29 (5.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94. There were 414 families (77.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.21.
The population was spread out with 364 people (23.3%) under the age of 18, 149 people (9.5%) aged 18 to 24, 349 people (22.3%) aged 25 to 44, 519 people (33.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 184 people (11.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
There were 565 housing units at an average density of 117.0 per square mile (45.2/km²), of which 380 (71.4%) were owner-occupied, and 152 (28.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 0.6%. 1,098 people (70.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 467 people (29.8%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,591 people, 523 households, and 411 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 327.4 people per square mile (126.4/km²). There were 542 housing units at an average density of 111.5 per square mile (43.1/km²). Most residents live in detached single family homes with land, individual and shared water wells and leach fields. The racial makeup of the CDP was 72.16% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 3.83% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 18.29% from other races, and 3.96% from two or more races. 27.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 523 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $70,370, and the median income for a family was $71,296. Males had a median income of $40,662 versus $36,274 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,999. About 4.5% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
Agricultural is a major part of Elkhorn's small economy. Strawberries and artichokes are key crops. Most Elkhorn residents work in the surrounding areas of Castroville, Prunedale, Moss Landing, and the nearby larger towns of Watsonville, Salinas, and Monterey. Elkhorn shares zip codes with nearby Castroville, Watsonville, and Prunedale. Elkhorn has limited business and retail services. The only retail service in Elkhorn is the Elkhorn Superette which is located on the west side of Elkhorn Road, just north of Bayview Road. The nearest business and retail center is located about three miles (5 km) away in Castroville. However, many Elkhorn residents travel about 20 minutes to the nearby cities for greater retail and service needs such as department stores, movie theaters, and health services which are not located in Castroville.
As an unincorporated area, the Monterey County Board of Supervisors administers Elkhorn. Elkhorn is part of District 2 whose current supervisor is Louis R. Calcagno. The Board is responsible for providing all local public services. Elkhorn is located in the Coastal Zone and all new development is subject to approval by the California Coastal Commission.
Elkhorn Elementary School is the only school located in Elkhorn, and it serves the surrounding K-6 student population. Elkhorn Elementary is the polling site for Elkhorn voters. Middle school students in grades 7 and 8 currently attend North Monterey County Middle School and high school students in grades 9-12 attend North Monterey County High School, both located in Castroville. All local public schools are part of the North Monterey County Unified School District .
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- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Elkhorn Census Designated Place
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