Elko, South Carolina

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Elko, South Carolina
Location of Elko, South Carolina
Location of Elko, South Carolina
Coordinates: 33°22′50″N 81°22′46″W / 33.38056°N 81.37944°W / 33.38056; -81.37944Coordinates: 33°22′50″N 81°22′46″W / 33.38056°N 81.37944°W / 33.38056; -81.37944
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyBarnwell
Area
 • Total1.05 sq mi (2.72 km2)
 • Land1.05 sq mi (2.72 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
338 ft (103 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total193
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
179
 • Density170.64/sq mi (65.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29826
Area code(s)803, 839
FIPS code45-23335[3]
GNIS feature ID1247656[4]

Elko is a town in Barnwell County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 193 at the 2010 census.[5]

Geography[edit]

Elko is located in northern Barnwell County at 33°22′50″N 81°22′46″W / 33.38056°N 81.37944°W / 33.38056; -81.37944 (33.380563, -81.379321).[6] U.S. Route 78 passes through the center of the town, leading east 6 miles (10 km) to Blackville and west 2 miles (3 km) to Williston. South Carolina Highway 37 crosses US 78 at the center of Elko, leading south 10 miles (16 km) to Barnwell, the county seat, and northeast 10 miles (16 km) to Springfield.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Elko has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.7 km2), all land.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880149
1890100−32.9%
1900208108.0%
1910114−45.2%
192018864.9%
193021011.7%
1940206−1.9%
1950142−31.1%
196019436.6%
19702024.1%
198032962.9%
1990214−35.0%
2000212−0.9%
2010193−9.0%
2019 (est.)179[2]−7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

At the 2000 census there were 212 people, 92 households, and 65 families living in the town. The population density was 183.0 people per square mile (70.6/km²). There were 102 housing units at an average density of 88.0 per square mile (34.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 41.51% White and 58.49% African American.[3] Of the 92 households 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 26.1% of households were one person and 9.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.73.

The age distribution was 24.5% under the age of 18, 2.8% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median household income was $23,571 and the median family income was $37,500. Males had a median income of $35,536 versus $27,083 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,973. About 19.0% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.1% of those under the age of eighteen and 51.5% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Elko town, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.