Ella Wallace Raines
August 6, 1920
|Died||May 30, 1988 (aged 67)|
Sherman Oaks, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Glen Haven Memorial Park, Los Angeles County, California|
|Alma mater||University of Washington|
|Years active||1943–57, 1984|
(m. 1942; div. 1945)
(m. 1947; div. 1976)
Ella Wallace Raines (born Ella Wallace Raubes, August 6, 1920 – May 30, 1988) was an American film and television actress.
Life and career
Born Ella Wallace Raines on August 6, 1920, near Snoqualmie Falls, Washington, Ella Raines studied drama at the University of Washington and was appearing in a play there when she was seen by director Howard Hawks. She became the first actress signed to the new production company he had formed with the actor Charles Boyer, B-H Productions, and made her film debut in Corvette K-225 (1943) which Hawks produced.
Immediately following her role in Corvette K-225, Raines was cast in the all-female war film Cry "Havoc" (also 1943). She starred in the film noir Phantom Lady, the Preston Sturges comedy Hail the Conquering Hero, and the John Wayne western Tall in the Saddle (all 1944).
She appeared in films such as The Strange Affair of Uncle Harry (1945) with Geraldine Fitzgerald and George Sanders and the thriller The Web (1947). With the exception of Brute Force (1947), in which Raines appeared with Burt Lancaster, none of her later films were nearly as successful as her earlier movies and her career began to decline.
In 1954 and 1955 she starred in the television series Janet Dean, Registered Nurse. She also appeared in such television series as Robert Montgomery Presents, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Presents, Lights Out, Pulitzer Prize Playhouse and The Christophers. She retired from acting in 1957, but made one further screen appearance with a guest role in the series Matt Houston in 1984. Raines appeared on the cover of Life magazine twice, once for Brute Force in 1947 and, in 1944, for her work in Phantom Lady. Also in 1944, she appeared as a pin-up girl in the June 2 and June 16 issue of the G.I. magazine Yank.
On August 11, 1942, a few days after her graduation from the University of Washington, Raines married her high school sweetheart, United States Army Air Forces Major Kenneth William Trout. The couple divorced December 18, 1945.
On February 6, 1947, Raines married fighter-pilot ace Robin Olds, who was eventually promoted to United States Air Force Brigadier General; the couple had three children, one of whom was stillborn. She also had two miscarriages which she blamed on the unsanitary conditions of serving abroad in Africa. They separated in 1975 and divorced in 1976.
|1943||Corvette K-225||Joyce Cartwright|
|1944||Phantom Lady||Carol Richman|
|1944||Hail the Conquering Hero||Libby|
|1944||Tall in the Saddle||Arleta 'Arly' Harolday|
|1944||Enter Arsène Lupin||Stacie Kanares|
|1945||The Strange Affair of Uncle Harry||Deborah Brown|
|1946||The Runaround||Penelope 'Annabelle' Hampton|
|1946||White Tie and Tails||Louise Bradford|
|1947||Time Out of Mind||Clarissa 'Rissa' Fortune|
|1947||The Web||Noel Faraday|
|1947||Brute Force||Cora Lister|
|1947||The Senator Was Indiscreet||Poppy McNaughton|
|1949||The Walking Hills||Chris Jackson|
|1949||A Dangerous Profession||Lucy Brackett|
|1950||Singing Guns||Nan Morgan|
|1950||The Second Face||Phyllis Holmes|
|1951||Fighting Coast Guard||Louise Ryan|
|1952||Ride the Man Down||Celia Evarts|
|1957||The Man in the Road||Rhona Ellison|
- Hanson, Helen (2007). Hollywood Heroines: Women in Film Noir. 6 Salem Road, London: I.B. Tauris &Co. pp. 20–23.CS1 maint: location (link)
- "Ella Raines". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "Actress Ella Raines May Seek Divorce". Herald and News. Oregon, Klamath Falls. October 17, 1945. p. 10. Retrieved June 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Divorce Awarded to Actress Ella Raines". The San Bernardino County Sun. California, San Bernardino. Associated Press. December 19, 1945. p. 2. Retrieved June 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Actress Ella Raines, Major on Honeymoon". The San Bernardino County Sun. California, San Bernardino. Associated Press. February 8, 1947. p. 1. Retrieved June 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Ella Raines Happy In Her Marriage". Statesville Daily Record. North Carolina, Statesville. July 19, 1947. p. 9. Retrieved June 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Olds, Robin (2010). Fighter Pilot: the memoirs of legendary ace Robin Olds. St Martins Griffin. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-312-56951-8.
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