Ella Wheeler Wilcox
Ella Wheeler Wilcox
|Born||November 5, 1850|
|Died||October 30, 1919|
Ella Wheeler Wilcox (November 5, 1850 – October 30, 1919) was an American author and poet. Her works include Poems of Passion and Solitude, which contains the lines "Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone." Her autobiography, The Worlds and I, was published in 1918, a year before her death.
Ella Wheeler was born in 1850 on a farm in Johnstown, Wisconsin, east of Janesville, the youngest of four children. The family later moved north of Madison, after losing its wealth, as the result of her father's failed business aspirations and speculation. Wilcox's family held themselves to be intellectuals, and a mastery of the nuances of the English language was prized. During her childhood, Wilcox amused herself by reading books and newspapers, which may have influenced her later writing (most notably William Shakespeare, The Arabian Nights, The Diverting History of John Gilpin and Gulliver's Travels, in addition to the few other pieces of literature that were to be had in her home).
Around the age of 8, Wilcox turned to writing poetry as an outlet. When she was 13 years old, her first poem was published. After losing her subscription to The New York Mercury, and being unable to afford to resubscribe, Wilcox thought that if she could get a piece of literature published, she would at least receive a copy of the paper wherein her piece was printed. The piece that she submitted is lost, and Wilcox later admitted that she could not recall even the topic of the poem. Wilcox became known as a poet in her own state by the time she graduated from high school.
Her poem "The Way of the World" was first published in the February 25, 1883 issue of The New York Sun. The inspiration for the poem came as she was travelling to attend the Governor's inaugural ball in Madison, Wisconsin. On her way to the celebration, there was a young woman dressed in black sitting across the aisle from her. The woman was crying. Miss Wheeler sat next to her and sought to comfort her for the rest of the journey. When they arrived, the poet was so depressed that she could barely attend the scheduled festivities. As she looked at her own radiant face in the mirror, she suddenly recalled the sorrowful widow. It was at that moment that she wrote the opening lines of "Solitude":
- Laugh, and the world laughs with you;
- Weep, and you weep alone.
- For the sad old earth must borrow its mirth
- But has trouble enough of its own
She sent the poem to the Sun and received $5 for her effort. It was collected in the book Poems of Passion shortly afterward in May 1883.
In 1884, she married Robert Wilcox of Meriden, Connecticut, where the couple lived before moving to New York City and then to Granite Bay in the Short Beach section of Branford, Connecticut. The two homes they built on Long Island Sound, along with several cottages, became known as Bungalow Court, and they would hold gatherings there of literary and artistic friends. They had one child, a son, who died shortly after birth. Not long after their marriage, they both became interested in theosophy, new thought, and spiritualism.
Early in their married life, Robert and Ella Wheeler Wilcox promised each other that whoever died first would return and communicate with the other. Robert Wilcox died in 1916, after over thirty years of marriage. She was overcome with grief, which became ever more intense as week after week went without any message from him. It was at this time that she went to California to see the Rosicrucian astrologer, Max Heindel, still seeking help in her sorrow, still unable to understand why she had no word from her Robert. She wrote of this meeting:
In talking with Max Heindel, the leader of the Rosicrucian Philosophy in California, he made very clear to me the effect of intense grief. Mr. Heindel assured me that I would come in touch with the spirit of my husband when I learned to control my sorrow. I replied that it seemed strange to me that an omnipotent God could not send a flash of his light into a suffering soul to bring its conviction when most needed. Did you ever stand beside a clear pool of water, asked Mr. Heindel, and see the trees and skies repeated therein? And did you ever cast a stone into that pool and see it clouded and turmoiled, so it gave no reflection? Yet the skies and trees were waiting above to be reflected when the waters grew calm. So God and your husband's spirit wait to show themselves to you when the turbulence of sorrow is quieted.
Several months later she composed a little mantra or affirmative prayer which she said over and over "I am the living witness: The dead live: And they speak through us and to us: And I am the voice that gives this glorious truth to the suffering world: I am ready, God: I am ready, Christ: I am ready, Robert."
Wilcox made efforts to teach occult things to the world. Her works, filled with positive thinking, were popular in the New Thought Movement and by 1915 her booklet, What I Know About New Thought had a distribution of 50,000 copies, according to its publisher, Elizabeth Towne.
The following statement expresses Wilcox's unique blending of New Thought, Spiritualism, and a Theosophical belief in reincarnation: "As we think, act, and live here today, we build the structures of our homes in spirit realms after we leave earth, and we build karma for future lives, thousands of years to come, on this earth or other planets. Life will assume new dignity, and labor new interest for us, when we come to the knowledge that death is but a continuation of life and labor, in higher planes."
Her final words in her autobiography The Worlds and I: "From this mighty storehouse (of God, and the hierarchies of Spiritual Beings) we may gather wisdom and knowledge, and receive light and power, as we pass through this preparatory room of earth, which is only one of the innumerable mansions in our Father's house. Think on these things."
A popular poet rather than a literary poet, in her poems she expresses sentiments of cheer and optimism in plainly written, rhyming verse. Her world view is expressed in the title of her poem "Whatever Is—Is Best", suggesting an echo of Alexander Pope's "Whatever is, is right," a concept formally articulated by Gottfried Leibniz and parodied by Voltaire's character Doctor Pangloss in Candide.
None of Wilcox's works were included by F. O. Matthiessen in The Oxford Book of American Verse, but Hazel Felleman chose fourteen of her poems for Best Loved Poems of the American People, while Martin Gardner selected "The Way Of The World" and "The Winds of Fate" for Best Remembered Poems.
She is frequently cited in anthologies of bad poetry, such as The Stuffed Owl: An Anthology of Bad Verse and Very Bad Poetry. Sinclair Lewis indicates Babbitt's lack of literary sophistication by having him refer to a piece of verse as "one of the classic poems, like 'If—' by Kipling, or Ella Wheeler Wilcox's 'The Man Worth While.'" The latter opens:
- It is easy enough to be pleasant,
- When life flows by like a song,
- But the man worth while is one who will smile,
- When everything goes dead wrong.
Her poem "Solitude" opens:
- Laugh and the world laughs with you,
- Weep, and you weep alone;
- The good old earth must borrow its mirth,
- But has trouble enough of its own.
The Winds of Fate
- One ship drives east and another drives west
- With the selfsame winds that blow.
- 'Tis the set of the sails,
- And Not the gales,
- That tell us the way to go.
- Like the winds of the sea are the ways of fate;
- As we voyage along through life,
- 'Tis the set of a soul
- That decides its goal,
- And not the calm or the strife.
Wheeler Wilcox cared about alleviating animal suffering, as can be seen from her poem, "Voice of the Voiceless". It begins as follows:
- So many gods, so many creeds,
- So many paths that wind and wind,
- While just the art of being kind
- Is all the sad world needs.
- I am the voice of the voiceless;
- Through me the dumb shall speak,
- Till the deaf world’s ear be made to hear
- The wrongs of the wordless weak.
- From street, from cage, and from kennel,
- From stable and zoo, the wail
- Of my tortured kin proclaims the sin
- Of the mighty against the frail.
She made an appearance during World War I in France, reciting her poem, The Stevedores ("Here's to the Army stevedores, lusty virile and strong...") while visiting a camp of 9,000 US Army stevedores.
- The Heart of New Thought, Chicago: The Psychic Research Company, 1902. 92 pages.
- A Woman of the World: Her Counsel to Other People's Son and Daughters; L.C. Page and Company, Boston, 1905. 310 pages.
- The Worlds and I, New York: George II Doran Company, c1918
- Poems of Reflection, 1905 copyright, M. A. Donahue & Co. (publisher)
- Poems of Affection 1920 Gay and Hancock Ltd, Covent Garden, London
- "Poems of Life' 1921
Several of Wilcox's poems were the basis for silent films:
- The Price He Paid (1914)
- The Beautiful Lie (1917)
- The Belle of the Season (1919)
- The Man Worth While (1921)
- Edwards, Richard. "Ella Wheeler Wilcox". www.ellawheelerwilcox.org. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
- E W Wilcox at Wikisource
- "A Celebration of Ella Wheeler Wilcox, Poet, Journalist, and Progressive Thinker," Branford Historical Society Archived 2010-12-23 at the Wayback Machine
- "Be Kind to Animals". Los Angeles Herald, Volume XL, Number 94, 19 February 1914.
- Cuzner, A. T. (1918). "Studies on Food Economics: Vegetarianism". American Journal of Clinical Medicine. 25: 59–60.
- Some versions indicate the words are "For the brave old earth must borrow its mirth" or "For the sad old earth must borrow its mirth"
- Beers, D. 2006. For the Prevention of Cruelty: The History and Legacy of Animal Rights Activism in the United States.
- Scott, Emmett J. Scott's Official History of The American Negro in the World War. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- "The Price He Paid". American Film Institute. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- "The Beautiful Lie". American Film Institute. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- "The Belle of the Season". American Film Institute. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- "The Man Worth While". American Film Institute. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- Ifkovic, Edward. Ella Moon: A Novel Based on the Life of Ella Wheeler Wilcox. Oregon, WI: Waubesa Press, 2001. ISBN 1-878569-72-4
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Ella Wheeler Wilcox The Ella Wheeler Wilcox Society website including biographies, bibliographies and writings
- Ella Wheeler Wilcox poems at the Academy of American Poets
- Works by Ella Wheeler Wilcox at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Ella Wheeler Wilcox at Internet Archive
- Works by Ella Wheeler Wilcox at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Ella Wheeler Wilcox Papers. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
- Finding aid to Ella Wheeler Wilcox papers, 1887-1919, at Columbia University. Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
- Ella Wheeler Wilcox at Find a Grave