Elland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°41′31″N 1°48′11″W / 53.692°N 1.803°W / 53.692; -1.803

Elland
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County West Riding of Yorkshire
Major settlements Elland, Brighouse
18851950
Replaced by Brighouse & Spenborough
Created from Northern West Riding of Yorkshire

Elland was a parliamentary constituency in the West Riding of Yorkshire that existed between 1885 and 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons, by the first-past-the-post voting system.

Situated between Bradford in the North, Halifax in the West, and Huddersfield to the south, it included the mining town of Brighouse and the wool centre of Elland. With a sizeable Nonconformist population (estimated at 15 per cent in 1922), it was natural Liberal territory, and was a fairly safe Liberal and later Labour seat, falling to the Conservatives only in the 'khaki election' of 1918 and the Labour collapse of 1931. In the 1918 redistribution it lost some territory and it was abolished in 1950. A sizeable part of the area was transferred to the new Brighouse and Spenborough seat.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918:

1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Brighouse, the Urban Districts of Clayton, Elland, Greetland, Hipperholme, Queensberry, Shelf, Southowram, and Stainland, and the Rural District of Halifax except the civil parish of Norland.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Thomas Wayman Liberal
1899 by-election Charles Philips Trevelyan Liberal
1918 George Taylor Ramsden Unionist
1922 William Cornforth Robinson Labour
1923 Sir Robert Newbald Kay Liberal
1924 William Cornforth Robinson Labour
1929 Charles Roden Buxton Labour
1931 Thomas Levy Conservative
1945 Frederick Arthur Cobb Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Thomas Wayman
General Election 1885: Elland[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wayman 6,516 65.3 n/a
Conservative Frederic Carne Rasch 3,457 34.7 n/a
Majority 3,059 30.6 n/a
Turnout 84.2 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Elland[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wayman unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Elland[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wayman 5,497 59.9 n/a
Conservative James Fitzalan Hope 3,676 40.1 n/a
Majority 1,821 19.8 n/a
Turnout 68.3 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Thomas Wayman
General Election 1895: Elland[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wayman 5,387 51.5 -8.4
Conservative Arthur Travis Clay 5,081 48.5 +8.4
Majority 306 3.0 -16.8
Turnout 83.6
Liberal hold Swing -8.4
C.P. Trevelyan
Elland by-election, 1899[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Philips Trevelyan 6,041 54.4
Conservative Philip Staveley Foster 5,057 45.6
Majority 984 8.87
Turnout 85.9
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Elland[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Philips Trevelyan 6,154 57.7
Conservative Edward Feetham Coates 4,512 42.3
Majority 1,642 15.4
Turnout 81.1
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Elland[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Philips Trevelyan 7,609 65.8
Conservative Sir Thomas Henry Brooke-Hitching 3,962 34.2
Majority 3,647 31.6
Turnout 83.7
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Elland[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Philips Trevelyan 7,469 61.4 -4.4
Conservative George Taylor Ramsden 4,686 38.6 +4.4
Majority 2,783 22.8 -8.8
Turnout 87.1 +3.4
Liberal hold Swing -4.4
General Election December 1910: Elland[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Philips Trevelyan 6,613 59.2
Conservative George Taylor Ramsden 4,549 40.8
Majority 2,064 18.4
Turnout 80.0
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

C.P. Trevelyan
General Election 1918: Elland[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 8,917 38.4
Liberal Harry Dawson 7,028 30.4 n/a
Labour Dennis Hardaker 5,923 25.6 n/a
Independent Labour Charles Philips Trevelyan 1,286 5.6 n/a
Majority 1,889 8.0
Turnout 67.0
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Cornforth Robinson 10,590 36.8 +11.2
National Liberal Sir Robert Newbald Kay 10,160 35.3 +4.9
Unionist George Taylor Ramsden 8,039 27.9 -10.5
Majority 430 1.5
Turnout 81.9
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Elland [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Robert Newbald Kay 12,476 50.9 +15.6
Labour William Cornforth Robinson 12,031 49.1 +12.3
Majority 445 1.8 +0.3
Turnout 70.0 -11.9
Liberal gain from Labour Swing +1.7
General Election 1924[13] Electorate 35,214
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Cornforth Robinson 11,690 39.5
Unionist Albert Newby Braithwaite 11,202 37.8
Liberal Sir Robert Newbald Kay 6,713 22.7
Majority 488 1.7
Turnout 84.1
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Charles Buxton
General Election 1929: Elland [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 17,012 43.7 +4.2
Unionist Sam Howard 11,150 28.7 9.1
Liberal William Haughton Sessions 10,734 27.6 +4.9
Majority 5,862 15.0 +13.3
Turnout 83.6 -0.5
Labour hold Swing +6.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Levy 25,378 65.2
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 13,563 34.8
Majority 11,815 30.4
Turnout 38,941 82.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Levy 19,498 52.2
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 17,856 47.8
Majority 1,642 4.4
Turnout 37,454 77.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected:

General Election 1945[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Cobb 19,632 50.3
Conservative Thomas Levy 11,570 29.7
Liberal John Wilson 7,805 20.0
Majority 8,062 20.6
Turnout 79.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  16. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)