March 25, 1947 |
Bronx, New York
Ellen Jane Langer (born March 25, 1947) is a professor of psychology at Harvard University, having in 1981 become the first woman ever to be tenured in psychology at Harvard. Langer studies the illusion of control, decision-making, aging, and mindfulness theory. Her most influential work is Counterclockwise, published in 2009, which answers the questions of aging from her extensive research, and increased interest in the ins and outs of aging across the nation.
Early life and education
Langer has had a significant influence on the positive psychology movement. Langer has published over 200 articles and academic texts. Langer was published in The New York Times, and discussed her works on Good Morning America. Additionally, in many introductory psychology courses at universities across the United States, her studies are required reading.
Langer and colleagues conducted multiple forms of research to promote the flexibility of aging. One study showed that rewarding behaviors and following completion of memory tasks improves memory. Another study showed that simply taking care of a plant improves mental and physical health, as well as life expectancy. These studies were the primitive steps to creating the Langer Mindfulness Scale. Her research provided for improved methods in nursing homes and assisted living facilities. Additionally, in one of her most famous studies, Langer found it was possible to lower obesity and diabetes in chambermaids by calling their everyday activity “exercise” rather than “labor.” 
Langer is well known for her contributions to the study of mindfulness and of mindless behaviour, with these contributions having provided the basis for many studies focused on individual differences in unconscious behavior and decision making processes in humans. In 1989, she published Mindfulness, her first book, and some have referred to her as the "mother of mindfulness". In an interview with Krista Tippett on the National Public Radio program "On Being," broadcast on Sept. 13, 2015, Langer defined mindfulness as "the simple act of noticing things."  The Langer Mindfulness Scale is still used in modern research.
In 1980, she was the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship. Other honors include the Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest of the American Psychological Association, the Distinguished Contributions of Basic Science to Applied Psychology award from the American Association of Applied and Preventive Psychology, the James McKeen Cattel Award, and the Gordon Allport Intergroup Relations Prize.
- Langer, Ellen J. (1989). Mindfulness. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley. ISBN 0-201-52341-8.
- Langer, Ellen J. (1997). The Power of Mindful Learning. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-33991-9.
- Langer, Ellen J. (2005). On Becoming an Artist. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-45629-7.
- Langer, Ellen J. (2009). Counter clockwise: mindful health and the power of possibility. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-50204-9.
- Hilts, Philip J (23 September 1997). "Scientist At Work: Ellen Langer; A Scholar of the Absent Mind". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Feinberg, Cara (2010). "The Mindfulness Chronicles". Harvard Magazine. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- Bennett, Drake (21 February 2010). "Mind Power". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Rodin, Judith; Langer, Ellen J. (1977). "Long-term effects of a control-relevant intervention with the institutionalized aged.". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35 (12): 897–902. doi:10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1247.
- "Ellen Langer - Science of Mindlessness and Mindfulness". On Being with Krista Tippett. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- Scholar, Harvard. "Ellen Langer, Research". scholar.harvard.edu. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- PsychCentral. "The Mother of Mindfulness, Ellen Langer". psychcentral.com. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Langer, Ellen. "Ellen Langer Bio". ellenlanger.com. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
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- Personal site
- Mind Changers, Series 4: Arden House BBC Radio programme which interviews Langer about one of her experiments.
- The Young Ones Ellen Langer's Counter Clockwise study was the basis for this BBC documentary series.
- The Great Lesson The Great Lesson: A New Film About Mind and Body: Featuring Dr. Ellen Langer