Ellen Mary Rope

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Ellen Mary Rope
Pencil portrait of EMRope by SRPraeger 27 Sept 1929.jpg
Pencil portrait of the sculptor in her old age, by Rosamond Praeger
Born14 March 1855
Blaxhall, England
Died13 September 1934
Blaxhall, England
NationalityEnglish
EducationAttended Slade School of Art from 1877
Alma materSlade School of Fine Art
Known forSculpture
Notable work
Bas-reliefs in metal and plaster; also decorative ceramics

Ellen Mary Rope (1855–1934) was a British sculptor whose career stretched from 1885 until the early 1930s. Her work is notable for its range of expression and style, from the classical to the popular. She worked chiefly in bas-reliefs, in stone, cast metal or plaster.[1]

Life[edit]

Born the seventh child of George and Anne Rope of Blaxhall, Suffolk, Ellen Mary Rope is said to have displayed strong artistic leanings as a child, maybe under the influence of her eldest brother, George Thomas Rope, a landscape painter and naturalist. To foster this interest, she was sent to London in 1870 to study at Nottingham Place School in Marylebone, where she was taught drawing by Octavia Hill.[2] She later returned to her home village and attended the Ipswich School of Art, taught by among others William T. Griffiths, the principal. Her first exhibited works were paintings and drawings of similar rural subjects to her brother, who exhibited alongside her. She returned to London to the Slade School of Fine Art in 1877, continuing to study drawing and painting but in 1880 Professor Alphonse Legros introduced a course in sculpture and modelling, which Rope followed to good effect, radically influencing the direction of her artistic career.[3] Her art developed along classic Arts and Crafts lines, with emphasis on the artist's involvement throughout the creative process and manual not mechanised production. Rope was based in London for most of her professional career, latterly in Deodar Road, Putney, where she shared accommodation and a studio with her assistant Dorothy Anne Aldrich Rope, a niece. In the same road was the stained-glass studio of another niece M. E. Aldrich Rope, not to be confused with a third artistic niece Margaret Agnes Rope.

Ellen Mary Rope only fully retired to the family home at Grove Farm in Blaxhall soon before her death in 1934.

Works[edit]

Her first piece at the Royal Academy of Arts was a terracotta panel: "David playing before Saul" (1885). From that date she had works at R.A. Exhibitions in most years up until 1918. By 1893 she was sufficiently well known to be commissioned to provide four plaster relief figures for spandrels in the Woman's Building (Chicago) of the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago.[4] Each polychrome panel was nearly six feet tall, and represented Faith, Hope, Charity and Heavenly Wisdom. As well as exhibition pieces, she had a more commercial strand to her art, becoming a leading designer for the Della Robbia Pottery from 1896 until its closure in 1906. This led to more popular domestic works featuring children, flowers and the sea.[1] These small panels "were primarily designed to be executed at low cost and repeated if desired, so that they could be used by others than the very rich"[5] However, major architectural commissions continued, including large figures of Faith, Hope and Charity for Morley Town Hall, Leeds (since lost), a 20' long panel for Rotherhithe Town Hall (destroyed by wartime bombing), and a memorial executed in cement at St Mary's, Bolton-on-Swale.[1] Her association with the Garrett circle, dating back to childhood, led to her spandrels from Chicago being installed in the dining room of Chenies Street Ladies' Residential Chambers (a project of cousins Rhoda and Agnes Garrett) and later to the marble memorial to the mother of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson in Aldeburgh parish church. Earlier, in 1894, another Garrett associate, Octavia Hill, had commissioned bas-reliefs by Rope for the drawing room of the Women's University Settlement in Nelson Square, Blackfriars.[6] Rope's 1902 memorial plaque in marble to Mary Anne Moberley is located in Salisbury Cathedral.[7]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Chapter3:"The Poet Sculptor" by Rope, A.". Blaxhall's Creative Past. Blaxhall. pp. 71–106. ISBN 9780955538933.
  2. ^ "Magazine of Art: "The Art Movement: The Work of Miss Ellen M. Rope" by "A.F."". 1900. p. 324. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  3. ^ Ellen Mary Rope: The Poet Sculptor by Barnes,J., Fagence, S., Heywood, L., & Levy, M. published by H. Blairman & Sons. London. 1997. p. 4. ISBN 0952329263.
  4. ^ Nichols, K. L. "Women's Art at the World's Columbian Fair & Exposition, Chicago 1893". Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Article". The Builder: 508. 3 December 1898.
  6. ^ Crawford, Elizabeth (2002). Enterprising Women: The Garrets and their Circle. London: Francis Boutle Publishers. pp. 288–292. ISBN 1903427126.
  7. ^ Pauline Rose (23 November 2020). "A look at Britain's neglected professional women sculptors". Art UK. Retrieved 23 November 2021.

Further reading[edit]

"The New Sculpture" by Beattie, S., Yale University Press, London, 1983

"Miss Ellen Rope, Sculptor" by Kendall, B., in The Artist, December 1899, pp. 206–212

"The Art of E.M.Rope" by Maclean, F.J., in The Expert, July 13, 1907, pp. 251–2

"Working Against The Grain; Women Sculptors in Britain c.1885-1950" by Rose, P., Liverpool University Press, 2020; 21, 117, 175-77, 215-20, 221, 263-64

"Arts & Crafts Churches" by Hamilton, A., Lund Humphries, 2020; 133,209, 217, 255,261

External links[edit]