Pao in 2015
|Born||1970 (age 48–49)|
|Residence||San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Princeton University (Electrical Engineering, 1991) |
Harvard Law School (Juris Doctor, 1994)
Harvard Business School (MBA, 1998)
|Spouse(s)||Roger Kuo (divorced)|
Buddy Fletcher (m. 2007)
|Children||1 (with Fletcher)|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Bào Kāngrú|
Ellen K. Pao (born 1970) is an American investor and activist who co-founded the diversity consulting non-profit organization Project Include. She was previously a partner at Kapor Capital and the Chief Diversity and Inclusion Officer at the Kapor Center for Social Impact before leaving in 2018 to focus on her role as Project Include's CEO. Other positions she has held include interim CEO of social media technology company Reddit, investment partner at Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, board director at Flipboard, and corporate attorney at Cravath, Swaine & Moore.
Since becoming known, in 2012, for filing a gender discrimination suit against former employer Kleiner Perkins, Pao has expressed vocal criticism of the hiring and promotion practices in Silicon Valley. In 2015, unpopular decisions made during Pao's tenure at Reddit generated a wave of controversy that culminated in her stepping down. The backlash she received sparked debates both on the treatment of women in technology and the need for transparency in a company that relies on volunteers.
Early life and education
Ellen Pao was born in 1970 in New Jersey. She is the middle child of three daughters born to Tsyh-Wen Pao and Young-Ping Pao, immigrants from Taiwan. Her father, Young-Ping Pao, was a professor at New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. Her mother, Tsyh-Wen Pao (née Lee) worked as an engineer in computer sciences at the University of Pennsylvania. Ellen Pao is fluent in English and Mandarin and first learned to code from her mother at age ten. The Pao family raised their children in Maplewood, New Jersey. Young-Ping Pao died in 1987 when Ellen was in the 12th grade of high school.
Pao’s maternal grandparents are Yu-Wen Lee and Ching-Hsin (née Liu) Lee, who were from Baoding in the Hebei province near Beijing. Pao’s maternal grandfather was a graduate of the Republic of China Military Academy, He later went on to serve as a commander in the Chinese Civil War under Chiang Kai-shek and, in 1948, moved the family to Taiwan, where he retired with the rank of Colonel in 1960. In October 1972, his wife and daughter Elizabeth moved to the New York City area to join Pao’s mother and aunt and uncle who were already studying in the US. Yu-Wen Lee was the fourth child of his father, merchant Lien-Ren Lee, Pao's great grandfather.
Pao graduated from Princeton University, the alma mater of her two sisters, with a bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering in 1991. Immediately after, she attended Harvard Law School, where she earned a Juris Doctor in 1994. After two years of working, Pao returned to attend Harvard Business School, where she received an MBA in 1998.
From 1994 to 1996, Pao worked as a corporate attorney at Cravath, Swaine & Moore. In 1998, Pao worked at WebTV. Pao worked at several companies in Silicon Valley including BEA Systems as Senior Director of Corporate Business Development from 2001 until 2005.
In 2005, Pao joined Kleiner Perkins, an established venture capital firm in San Francisco, as technical chief of staff for John Doerr, a senior partner, a job that required degrees in engineering, law, and business and experience in enterprise software. In 2007 she was appointed a Crown Fellow of the Aspen Institute on the recommendation of Doerr, a trustee. Also in 2007, she became a junior investing partner with Ted Schlein as her boss. While at Kleiner Perkins, Pao led the company's expansion into China. After several years with Schlein's team, Pao was passed over for a senior partner position. According to Pao, she had the job title of junior partner from her date of hiring and was promised an opportunity to move into an investing role. Doerr, who has expressed awareness of what he considers a gender gap at venture capital firms, mentored Pao, liberally providing feedback, but, in the end, agreed with the other senior partners who had made negative evaluations of her work at the firm. It was Pao's contention, in her suit for gender discrimination, that men with similar profiles were, nevertheless, promoted.
On May 10, 2012, Pao filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against her employer. The lawsuit alleged workplace retaliation by a male junior partner, resulting from his and Pao's romantic affair. She continued to work at the firm until October 1. Pao claimed that she was terminated abruptly while Kleiner Perkins claimed that she was given a month to accept a paid five-month transition to an operating role. Pao's lawyer said she was fired in retaliation for her lawsuit and amended the complaint to add that cause of action. The firm said Pao was terminated for performance reasons unrelated to the lawsuit. On March 27, 2015, the jury decided the case in favor of the defendant on all counts.
Pao joined Reddit in 2013 as the head of business development and strategic partnerships. One of her first investments made in this capacity strengthened the ties between Reddit and its de facto image host Imgur. She stated that a goal for the following year was making it easier for people to become Redditors. Pao became the interim Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in November 2014 after Yishan Wong resigned. Following efforts by Wong to scale back salary negotiation, Pao decided to give two final offers (one with more cash, one with more equity) to all prospective employees. As motivation for the change, she cited findings that women were more likely to be penalized for attempting to negotiate pay. After seeing that Reddit's previous offers were not correlated with gender, Pao stated that the new policy was still the fairest, as well as a stepping stone to having publicly posted salaries. One of the largest changes to the website made under Pao was the banning of revenge porn in March 2015. Other social networks, that removed such images in the following months, have been widely referred to as following Reddit's model. In June and July 2015, Pao was the subject of criticism and harassment by Reddit users after five Reddit communities (subreddits) were banned for harassment and Reddit's director of talent was fired. A Change.org petition requesting her removal reached 200,000 signatures and on July 10, it was announced that Pao had resigned from Reddit "by mutual agreement".
Pao subsequently founded the non-profit organization Project Include with Erica Baker, Tracy Chou, Freada Kapor Klein and four other women in the technology industry. Aimed at startups with 25 to 1,000 employees, the group develops human resources advice in a series of meetings with clients and publishes anonymized progress reports under a Creative Commons license. Reports on the aftermath of Pao v. Kleiner Perkins included speculation that Pao had agreed not to write a book detailing her experiences at the company. In November 2015, Pao revealed that this was not the case and later confirmed that she was writing a memoir. In a May 2016 interview, Pao stated that she planned to finish the book before seeking a full-time job. One month later, the book was acquired by Spiegel and Grau and given the title Reset: My Fight for Inclusion and Lasting Change. The book has been shortlisted for the 2017 Financial Times and McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award.
Gender discrimination lawsuit
On May 10, 2012, Pao filed a gender discrimination suit against Kleiner Perkins which went to trial in late February 2015. It was covered by the national media and elicited broad comment regarding the issues raised. The case was live blogged and tweeted constantly, to the point of providing both humorous and serious feedback to lawyers and witnesses. The trial, lasting 24 days, resulted in a favorable verdict for Kleiner Perkins.
While the trial was taking place, a gender discrimination suit was filed against Twitter by Tina Huang and a suit alleging sexual and racial discrimination was filed against Facebook by Chia Hong. Law professor Joan Williams commented that it would have been "quite a coincidence" if these actions were not influenced by Ellen Pao. More broadly, employment lawyers described an increase in the number of women coming forward with claims of gender inequality and the term Pao effect was coined to describe the resulting increase in lawsuits. Though many reporters commented positively on the changing culture, some expressed a foreboding that companies would be less likely to hire women during a period of abundant legal action. Discussion of the trial's influence continued after the conclusion of Pao v. Kleiner Perkins when a discrimination claim was made by Microsoft researcher Katie Moussouris.
Following the trial, Kleiner Perkins sought $972,814 in legal costs and offered to withdraw the fee if Pao declined to appeal the verdict. On June 1, 2015, Pao filed to appeal, one week before the deadline. On June 5, Kleiner Perkins claimed that Pao wanted $2.7 million to not appeal, an amount which they called "improper and excessive". The judge ruled on June 18 that Pao would only be responsible for $275,966 citing the economic resources of both parties under the Fair Employment and Housing Act. Pao filed an objection to this with the argument that an award against the plaintiff could result in a chilling effect on future discrimination cases. On September 10, 2015, Pao wrote a guest post for Re/code in which she urged companies to be more open about bias accusations made by their employees. The post stated that she was deciding not to appeal but still paying $276,000 due to an additional stipulation by Kleiner Perkins that the fee could only be waived after signing a non-disparagement agreement. However, one week later when Pao formally dropped her appeal, Kleiner Perkins filed to close the case without payment per its original announcement.
Exit from Reddit
On June 10, 2015, a post on Reddit, signed by Pao and two other executives, announced that five subreddits were being banned for fostering off-site harassment. One such community had over 150,000 subscribers. Multiple change.org petitions calling for Pao's resignation were created by displeased Reddit users and the most popular one reached 10,000 signatures in the days following the change. Some users began posting hateful comments and images about Pao on Reddit and other websites. Other complaints about the site focused on inadequate moderation tools and the fact that some posts critical of Ellen Pao's lawsuit had been deleted by moderators.
Opposition increased on July 2 when large sections of Reddit were set to private to protest the dismissal of Victoria Taylor, Reddit's director of talent, known for co-ordinating the Ask Me Anything interviews. Expressing frustration over the decline in communication from Reddit management, AMA moderators stated that they had only learned about the firing indirectly after it happened. Despite one post to the contrary, Taylor's dismissal was widely attributed to Pao, with some commentators suggesting that the move diminished her credibility as an advocate for female employees. She received increased harassment as a result and the petition for her removal surpassed 200,000 signatures. On July 3, Pao issued apologies through Reddit and Time magazine. However, the Reddit post was thought to have been deleted after it received enough downvotes to lose visibility. In a longer post on July 6, she apologized for poor communication between staff members and for not delivering on promises. Pao resigned on July 10 and was replaced by Reddit co-founder Steve Huffman.
On July 12, former CEO Yishan Wong who had previously defended the five bans on Quora began a series of posts which he referred to as "declassifying a lot of things". The first drew attention to the fact that Victoria Taylor was fired by Alexis Ohanian. When shown that the media was covering this post, Pao tweeted "thanks for not blaming me for it". In a later post, which recalled two instances of Pao arguing against purging hateful subreddits, Wong sharply criticized the movement against her and warned about stricter policies under the site's cofounders. Huffman followed this by enacting a policy to reduce the prominence of some xenophobic communities and ban some others. On July 13, Reddit's chief engineer Bethanye Blount left the company for unrelated reasons and opined that Pao did not receive enough support from the board. Specifically, she referenced the glass cliff phenomenon in which women are allegedly given disproportionately unstable leadership positions. On July 16, Ellen Pao wrote about the difficulty of combating harassment while preserving "edgy content". The editorial described what she called "one of the largest trolling attacks in history" and the subsequent outpouring of support.
Pao married Roger Kuo. They later divorced. She then married Buddy Fletcher. They met through Aspen Institute functions during the summer of 2007, after they were both appointed Crown Fellows. Pao and Fletcher have one daughter. Pao is a vegetarian.
- Cornwell, Rupert (July 10, 2015). "Ellen Pao, profile: The woman who ran Reddit, and that Silicon Valley loves to hate". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Isaac, Mike (May 3, 2016). "Women in Tech Band Together to Track Diversity, After Hours". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "About Project Include". Project Include. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- Lang, Marissa (January 10, 2017). "Kapor Center hires former Reddit CEO Ellen Pao". SFGate. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Pao, Ellen (March 15, 2018). "Look at what we have achieved". Medium. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- "Kleiner Perkins Trial Details Firm's All-Male Ski Trip And Dinner Party". Forbes. February 25, 2015. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Ohanian, Alexis (November 13, 2014). "Reddit Blog: Coming home". blog.reddit -- what's new on reddit. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Streitfeld, David (April 11, 2013). "Ellen Pao, Who Sued Kleiner Perkins, Joins Reddit". The New York Times.
- Elias, Paul. Ellen Pao Lawsuit: Sexual Harassment Case Roils Silicon Valley July 19, 2012 Huffington Post (Associated Press)
- "An old team at reddit • /r/announcements". reddit. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
- Elder, Jeff (April 6, 2015). "Ellen Pao says gender issues won't go away after Kleiner trial". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Katz, Brigit (April 6, 2015). "Ellen Pao does not regret her unsuccessful Silicon Valley lawsuit". The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- "This is the year technology hit rock bottom". CNN. July 19, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Arisohm, Tamar Hiram (July 2015). "My Reddit Utopia". Slate. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Taylor, Rebecca; Parry, Jane (July 13, 2015). "The Reddit Rebellion: Unpaid workers can wield enormous power". Newsweek. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Lashinsky, Adam; Benner, Katie (October 25, 2012). "A tale of money, sex and power: The Ellen Pao and Buddy Fletcher affair". Fortune Magazine. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- Andrews, Suzanna (March 1, 2013). "Sex, lies and lawsuits". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Pao, Tsyh-Wen Lee; Carr, John (1978). "A solution of the syntactical induction-inference problem for regular languages". Computer Languages. 3: 53–64. doi:10.1016/0096-0551(78)90006-1.
- Pao, Ellen (August 4, 2015). "Story about female engineers". Twitter. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
- Primack, Dan (April 11, 2013). "Ellen Pao has landed ... at Reddit". Fortune.
- Weise, Elizabeth (March 17, 2015). "Ellen Pao trial is big news in China". USA Today.
- "Obituaries: Feb 11, 2011". Greenwich Time. February 9, 2011. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- "Ching-Hsin Liu Lee obituary". Greenwich Time. April 20, 2007. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- "Ellen Pao Takes the Stand in Her Suit Against Kleiner Perkins". Re/code. March 9, 2015.
- "Ellen Pao". crunchbase.com.
- "Aspen Institute Names Emerging Leaders As 2007 Henry Crown Fellows". The Aspen Institute. Retrieved June 14, 2007.
- "A Who's Who of the Ellen Pao-Kleiner Perkins Trial". Re/code. March 23, 2015.
- 2nd and 3rd entries (at bottom)"Liveblog: Day Two of Ellen Pao on the Stand" Re/code. March 10, 2015.
- Marshall, Matt; Kelly, Meghan (August 26, 2011). "They're in! Meet the DEMO Fall 2011 speakers". Venture Beat. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
- 7th allegation, page 4 Complaint of Pao
- "Ellen Pao: ‘I Wanted to Make Sure My Story Was Told’" March 10, 2015 Re/code accessed March 12, 2015
- Ellen Huet (March 4, 2015). "Kleiner Perkins's John Doerr And Ellen Pao: A Mentorship Sours". Forbes. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
Mr. Schlein and all the other digital partners felt that way, except me. I saw it differently.
- "Kleiner gender discrimination suit". Reuters. May 22, 2012. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- David Streitfeld (March 5, 2015). "In Ellen Pao's Suit vs. Kleiner Perkins, World of Venture Capital Is Under Microscope". The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Complaint of Ellen Pao
- "Liveblog: Day Four of Ellen Pao on the Stand" March 12, 2015 Re/code accessed March 12, 2015
- Section D page 6 Trial brief Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers
- Thomas, Owen (October 3, 2012). "Ellen Pao's Lawyer: Kleiner Perkins Just Fired Her—And We're Filing A Wrongful-Termination Complaint". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
Because of longstanding issues having no relationship or bearing on the litigation, Kleiner approached Ms. Pao to facilitate her transition, over an extended period of time, out of the firm. The proposed terms, that did not require Ms. Pao to waive any legal rights or claims, are generous, fair and intended to support Ms. Pao in a successful career transition.
- Gage, Deborah (October 3, 2012). "Ellen Pao Leaving Kleiner Perkins, Remains on Payroll". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- David Streitfeld (March 27, 2015). "Ellen Pao Loses Silicon Valley Bias Case Against Kleiner Perkins". The New York Times. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- Truong, Alice (April 3, 2014). "Imgur raises $40 million to grow its team and service". Fast Company. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
- Isaac, Mike (April 8, 2014). "Reddit execs Ellen Pao and Jena Donlin get serious about the site's business". Recode. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
- Altman, Sam. "A new team at reddit". Sam Altman. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Carson, Biz (June 12, 2015). "Ellen Pao: Reddit doesn't negotiate salaries because that helps keep the playing field even for women". Business Insider. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Pao, Ellen (2015). "CEO Steve here to answer more questions". Reddit. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Ellen Pao, Robin Reynolds (December 20, 2015). Ellen Pao at the 2015 MA Conference for Women. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Griffin, Andrew (February 25, 2015). "Reddit bans 'revenge porn', tries to stop future nude photo leaks". The Independent. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Geuss, Megan (March 12, 2015). "Twitter will ban revenge porn and non-consensual nudes". Ars Technica. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Collins, Terry (September 14, 2015). "Pao says Silicon Valley is changing in wake of her lawsuit (Q&A)". CNET. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Williams, Lauren C. (June 11, 2015). "Redditors Call CEO Ellen Pao A Nazi, Ask Her To Resign For Deleting Abusive Threads". Think Progress. Center for American Progress Action Fund. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Williams, Mary Elizabeth (June 11, 2015). "Sorry, "Fat People Hate"-ing Reddit trolls: Ellen Pao is serious about curbing harassment". Salon. Salon Media Group. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Peterson, Andrea (June 11, 2015). "Redditors harass CEO Ellen Pao after site cracks down on harassment". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Brown, Aaron (June 11, 2015). "Reddit culled its most repulsive forums and now users want CEO Ellen Pao to resign". Express.co.uk. Northern and Shell Media Publications. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- McGregor, Jena (July 6, 2015). "More than 200k people have signed a petition calling for Reddit's Ellen Pao to step down". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Reddit Is Revolting". WIRED. July 3, 2015. Archived from the original on July 6, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
- "Community". Project Include. 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Primack, Dan (September 12, 2015). "Ellen Pao vs. Kleiner Perkins is (kinda sorta) over". Fortune. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Belstrom, Kristen (November 10, 2015). "Ellen Pao's Advice for Women in Tech: Toughen Up and Speak Out". Fortune. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Huet, Ellen (May 3, 2016). "Ex-Kleiner VC Ellen Pao Introduces Diversity Initiative". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Kelly, Heather (June 7, 2016). "Ellen Pao's book will cover her battles with bias in Silicon Valley". CNN Money. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Terry Collins; Nick Statt; Ian Sherr (March 27, 2015). "In Final Verdict, Jury Rules Against Pao On All Four Claims In Ellen Pao Vs. Kleiner Perkins". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- David Streitfeld (March 27, 2015). "Ellen Pao Loses Silicon Valley Bias Case Against Kleiner Perkins". The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- Liz Gannes (February 24, 2015). "Venture Capitalist Trae Vassallo to Testify She Was Harassed by Same Partner as Ellen Pao". Re/code. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Claire Cain Miller (March 6, 2015). "A Racy Silicon Valley Lawsuit, and More Subtle Questions About Sex Discrimination" (Upshot blog). The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
the real drama is in the more mundane charges, about slights familiar to any woman in any workplace that are rarely aired in public, much less in a courtroom.
- Nellie Bowles and Liz Gannes (March 26, 2015). "Lawyers Reading Mean Tweets: How the Media Influenced the Ellen Pao Trial". Re/code. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
In this historic and high profile case, the media coverage has had a strangely powerful influence on the court proceedings. Though the jury may have to live in a self-imposed media-free vacuum, the judge, lawyers and witnesses do not. They’re glued to the press. Trials do not often get this much attention. The lawyers follow each story carefully.
- David Streitfeld (March 27, 2015). "Ellen Pao Loses Silicon Valley Gender Bias Case Against Kleiner Perkins". The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
One of Silicon Valley’s most famous venture capital firms prevailed on Friday over a former partner in a closely watched suit claiming gender discrimination, but hardly got away unscathed.
- Giang, Vivian (April 8, 2015). "Silicon Valley lawyers: We're already seeing a 'Pao effect'". Fortune. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Paul, Kari (March 25, 2015). "The Pao Effect: Silicon Valley's Discrimination Case Is Only the Beginning". Motherboard. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Kendall, Marisa (April 1, 2015). "Employment Lawyers Brace for 'Pao Effect'". The Recorder. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- O'Neill, Ashley (April 13, 2015). "The Inbox – The "Pao Effect"". Suits By Suits. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Gilliam, Fatimah (June 17, 2015). "Banning Salary Negotiations – Is Ellen Pao Right?". The Azarah Group. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Taylor, Marisa (March 30, 2015). "Ellen Pao Effect on Women in Tech". Al Jazeera America. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Boorstin, Julia. "Pao's trial may have chilling effect on hiring women". Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- Lapowsky, Issie (September 18, 2015). "Gender bias suit will soon shine a harsh light on Microsoft". Wired. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- Levine, Dan; Christie, Jim (April 23, 2015). "Update 4-Kleiner Perkins seeks almost $1 mln in costs in Pao case". Reuters. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Gannes, Liz (June 4, 2015). "Why did Ellen Pao file to appeal? Here's one expensive reason". Recode. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Kleiner Perkins Says Ellen Pao Wants $2.7M To Drop Appeal In Gender Bias Case". CBS. June 5, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- The Associated Press (June 15, 2015). "Firm: Ellen Pao Demanded $2.7 Million Not to Appeal Discrimination Verdict". NBC News. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Loizos, Connie (September 10, 2015). "Ellen Pao: I won't appeal my case against Kleiner Perkins". Tech Crunch. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Kocalitcheva, Kia (August 11, 2015). "Ellen Pao appeals order to pay Kleiner Perkins trial costs". Fortune. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Swisher, Kara (September 10, 2015). "Ellen Pao: 'I Have Decided to End My Lawsuit Against Kleiner Perkins'". Recode. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Collins, Terry (September 23, 2015). "Done Deal: Ellen Pao doesn't have to pay Kleiner Perkins' legal fees". CNET. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Thielman, Sam (June 10, 2015). "Reddit bans five subforums over harassment concerns". The Guardian. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Nguyen, Michael (June 21, 2015). "Reddit users turn on interim CEO Ellen Pao". NBC. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Chu, Arthur. "Reddit's terrorists have won: Ellen Pao and the failure to rebrand web 2.0".
- Celarier, Michelle (March 18, 2015). "Users lash out at Reddit boss for 'deleting' posts on hubby's lawsuit". New York Post. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
- "Resignation, thank you • r/self". reddit. July 10, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
- Campbell, Andy (July 3, 2015). "Reddit community revolts after 'Ask Me Anything' administrator is dismissed". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Holiday, Ryan (July 6, 2015). "I'll Miss Working With reddit's Victoria Taylor". The Observer. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Lynch, Brian; Swearingen, Courtnie (July 8, 2015). "Why we shut down Reddit's 'Ask Me Anything' forum". The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Katz, Brigit (July 8, 2015). "Ellen Pao and Victoria Taylor find themselves on opposite ends of the great reddit revolt". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Isaac, Mike (July 13, 2015). "Details emerge about Victoria Taylor's dismissal from Reddit". The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Vella, Matt (July 3, 2015). "Reddit's Ellen Pao and Alexis Ohanian explain site shut down". Time. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Feinberg, Ashley (July 2, 2015). "Reddit in chaos after allegedly firing AMA coordinator". Gawker. Archived from the original on August 8, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- Isaac, Mike (July 6, 2015). "Reddit's chief apologizes after employee's dismissal". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Carson, Biz (June 16, 2015). "Former Reddit CEO: You are free to be an a**hole but keep it on Reddit". Business Insider. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Pao, Ellen (July 13, 2015). "Reply to Isaac article". Twitter. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Titcomb, James (July 15, 2015). "Former Reddit chief accuses founders of pressuring Ellen Pao into censorship". The Telegraph. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Robertson, Adi (July 16, 2015). "New Reddit rules will crack down on some hate communities, leave others standing". The Verge. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Kulwin, Noah (July 13, 2015). "Reddit chief engineer Bethanye Blount quits after less than two months on the job". Recode. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Pao, Ellen (July 16, 2015). "The trolls are winning the battle for the Internet". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- "Sex, Lies, and Lawsuits". vanityfair.com. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
- Bradley, Richard (February 28, 2012). "Buddy Fletcher: Financial Genius — or a Fake?". Boston Magazine. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Pao, Ellen (July 14, 2015). "I just noticed Ellen Pao is a moderator on this subreddit". Reddit. Retrieved August 3, 2015.