Ellenboro, North Carolina

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Ellenboro, North Carolina
Ellenboro Right of U.S. 74 Hwy
Ellenboro Right of U.S. 74 Hwy
Nickname(s): The Boro
Motto: Small Town Friendly
Location of Ellenboro, North Carolina
Location of Ellenboro, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°19′47″N 81°45′32″W / 35.32972°N 81.75889°W / 35.32972; -81.75889Coordinates: 35°19′47″N 81°45′32″W / 35.32972°N 81.75889°W / 35.32972; -81.75889
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Rutherford
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Land 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,063 ft (324 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 873
 • Density 513.6/sq mi (198.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28040
Area code(s) 828
FIPS code 37-20780[1]
GNIS feature ID 1020131[2]

Ellenboro is a town in Rutherford County, North Carolina in the United States of America. The population was 873 at the 2010 census.


Ellenboro is located at 35°19′47″N 81°45′32″W / 35.32972°N 81.75889°W / 35.32972; -81.75889 (35.329689, -81.758955).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 172
1910 293 70.3%
1920 333 13.7%
1930 431 29.4%
1940 471 9.3%
1950 537 14.0%
1960 492 −8.4%
1970 465 −5.5%
1980 560 20.4%
1990 514 −8.2%
2000 479 −6.8%
2010 873 82.3%
Est. 2015 854 [4] −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 479 people, 2 households, and 12 families residing in the town. The population density was 513.6 people per square mile (198.9/km²). There were 251 housing units at an average density of 269.1 per square mile (104.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.46% White, 16.91% African American, 0.21% Native American, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 222 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,429, and the median income for a family was $37,083. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $21,042 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,472. About 10.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 34.1% of those age 65 or over.


Ellenboro is a town in Rutherford County.

In 1880 the Seaboard Railroad built a line from Wilmington, NC to Rutherfordton. At the highest point on that line, the town of Ellenboro sprang up. In 1884 as the community of 179 people was trying to decide on a name for the town Seaboard engineer, John Robinson, proposed that it be named for his daughter, Ellen, who was dying of a fever. In return Robinson donated a large brass bell to the town. The bell hung for many years in the school, but disappeared some time after a new school building was built.

In those early days the most important social event of the year was held in early July and was known as "Big Days". Big Days celebrations drew crowds from miles around (as pictured above in a turn of the century photo, showing a prize-winning wagon load of revelers). The festivities included a steam-powered merry-go-round, sack races, foot races, minstrel shows, side shows, produce sales, and lemonade dipped up from zinc tubs.

In 1928 a young agriculture teacher at Ellenboro School, Mr. A.B. Bushong, organized the first Colfax Free Fair held in early fall on the school grounds, providing an opportunity for farmers and homemakers to display their best efforts of the year: canned and baked goods, crops, and handicrafts. Students also proudly exhibited their work competing for ribbons. Beauty and baby contests were held. A major part of the fair (especially for the children) was the rides provided every year by Lee Rides. Over the years the fair, still held every September, has become a time for former students and Ellenboro residents who may have moved away to come home and visit with friends and to catch up on the year's news.


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.